Systemic Sclerosis
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Gemma Lepri ◽  
Silvia Bellando Randone ◽  
Marco Matucci Cerinic ◽  
Serena Guiducci

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Zhixiao Xu ◽  
Chengshui Chen

Background: Interstitial lung disease in systemic sclerosis (SSc-ILD) is one of the most severe complications of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and is the main cause of mortality. In this study, we aimed to explore the key genes in SSc-ILD and analyze the relationship between key genes and immune cell infiltration as well as the key genes relevant to the hallmarks of cancer.Methods: Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) algorithm was implemented to explore hub genes in SSc-ILD samples from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Logistic regression analysis was performed to screen and verify the key gene related to SSc-ILD. CIBERSORT algorithms were utilized to analyze immune cell infiltration. Moreover, the correlation between the key genes and genes relevant to cancer was also evaluated. Furthermore, non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) linking to PTGS2 were also explored.Results: In this study, we first performed WGCNA analysis for three GEO databases to find the potential hub genes in SSc-ILD. Subsequently, we determined PTGS2 was the key gene in SSC-ILD. Furthermore, in CIBERSORT analyses, PTGS2 were tightly correlated with immune cells such as regulatory T cells (Tregs) and was negatively correlated with CD20 expression. Moreover, PTGS2 was associated with tumor growth. Then, MALAT1, NEAT1, NORAD, XIST identified might be the most potential upstream lncRNAs, and LIMS1 and RANBP2 might be the two most potential upstream circRNAs.Conclusion: Collectively, our findings elucidated that ncRNAs-mediated downregulation of PTGS2, as a key gene in SSc-ILD, was positively related to the occurrence of SSc-ILD and abnormal immunocyte infiltration. It could be a promising factor for SSc-ILD progression to malignancy.

2022 ◽  
pp. annrheumdis-2021-220004
Jean-Baptiste Vulsteke ◽  
Yves Piette ◽  
Carolien Bonroy ◽  
Patrick Verschueren ◽  
Daniel Blockmans ◽  

Biomedicines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 163
Devis Benfaremo ◽  
Silvia Svegliati ◽  
Chiara Paolini ◽  
Silvia Agarbati ◽  
Gianluca Moroncini

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic, immune-mediated chronic disorder characterized by small vessel alterations and progressive fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. The combination of a predisposing genetic background and triggering factors that causes a persistent activation of immune system at microvascular and tissue level is thought to be the pathogenetic driver of SSc. Endothelial alterations with subsequent myofibroblast activation, excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition, and unrestrained tissue fibrosis are the pathogenetic steps responsible for the clinical manifestations of this disease, which can be highly heterogeneous according to the different entity of each pathogenic step in individual subjects. Although substantial progress has been made in the management of SSc in recent years, disease-modifying therapies are still lacking. Several molecular pathways involved in SSc pathogenesis are currently under evaluation as possible therapeutic targets in clinical trials. These include drugs targeting fibrotic and metabolic pathways (e.g., TGF-β, autotaxin/LPA, melanocortin, and mTOR), as well as molecules and cells involved in the persistent activation of the immune system (e.g., IL4/IL13, IL23, JAK/STAT, B cells, and plasma cells). In this review, we provide an overview of the most promising therapeutic targets that could improve the future clinical management of SSc.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Weiwei Kong ◽  
Yaomin Wang ◽  
Huiping Wang ◽  
Qin Zhou ◽  
Jianghua Chen ◽  

Abstract Background Systemic sclerosis (SSc) may overlap with other connective tissue diseases, which is named overlap syndrome. Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a rare but severe complication of SSc. SSc related thrombotic microangiopathy (SSc-TMA) is an infrequent pathology type of SRC, while SSc-TMA accompanied by overlap syndrome is very rare. Case presentation This study reported a case of acute kidney injury (AKI) accompanied with overlap syndrome of SSc, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and polymyositis (PM). The renal pathology supported the diagnosis of SSc-TMA but not SLE or PM-related renal injury, characterized by renal arteriolar thrombosis, endothelial cells edema, little cast in tubules and mild immune complex deposition. The primary TMA related factors (ADAMTS13 and complement H factor) were normal. Thus, this case was diagnosed as secondary TMA associated with SSc. The patient was treated with renin angiotensin system inhibitors, sildenafil, supportive plasma exchange/dialysis, and rituximab combined with glucocorticoids. After 2 months of peritoneal dialysis treatment, her renal function recovered and dialysis was stopped. Conclusion This study presented a case of SSc-TMA with overlap syndrome. Rituximab can be used as a treatment option in patients with high SRC risk or already manifesting SRC.

Saroj K. Pati ◽  
Praveen Raja ◽  
Ajoy K. Behera ◽  
T.G. Ranganath ◽  
Narendra K. Bodhey

AbstractSystemic sclerosis is a connective tissue disorder of unknown etiology. Although it is a multisystemic disorder, skin thickening is considered as a hallmark of the disease. It usually involves the lungs, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal systems. However, a rare subset of systemic sclerosis, systemic sclerosis sine scleroderma, is characterized by internal organ involvement and positive serologic markers with the total or partial absence of cutaneous manifestations. We present a rare association of osteopetrosis in a case of systemic sclerosis sine scleroderma, in a 22-year-old male patient, who presented with pulmonary symptoms as his chief complaints, unreported so far in literature.

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