continuous indentation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2131 (2) ◽  
pp. 022041
V Kolesnikov ◽  
D Manturov ◽  
I Kolesnikov

Abstract The results of studies of the physical, mechanical and tribological characteristics of PVD and DLC coatings are presented. The complex of basic mechanical properties (hardness H and elastic modulus E), as well as derivatives of mechanical characteristics H/E and Н3/Е2 , were investigated by the method of continuous indentation at various loads. The friction coefficient, the wear rate of the sample and the counterbody were determined as tribological indicators. The applied purpose of the work was to determine the friction unit for applying the developed coatings, materials and modes of applying PVD and DLC coatings. To solve this problem, a test bench was designed and built that simulates the operation of the selected friction unit. As a result of the research carried out, the results of laboratory and bench tests were compared. The performance of the coatings was determined by the volume of the tooth wear of the sleeve and the tip with the help of the method of micrometric measurements. As a result of the study of the surface morphology, the volumes of wear of rubbing conjugations and the intensity of their wear were determined. It has been established that the results of bench tests confirm laboratory studies and suggest that such an installation can be used for researching other heavily loaded spline conjugations.

Structures ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 28 ◽  
pp. 2752-2759
He Xue ◽  
Jinxuan He ◽  
Wenna Jia ◽  
Jianlong Zhang ◽  
Shuai Wang ◽  

2017 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 2271-2282 ◽  
Jingran Zhang ◽  
Yongda Yan ◽  
Peng Miao ◽  
Jianxiong Cai

Using the tip-based continuous indentation process, arrays of three-dimensional pyramidal cavities have been successfully machined on a copper template and the structures were successfully transferred to a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surface using a reverse nanoimprinting approach. The structured PDMS surface is coated with a thin Au film, and the final substrate is demonstrated as a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrate. Rhodamine 6G (R6G) was used as a probe molecule in the present study to confirm the SERS measurements. Arrays of micro/nanostructures of different dimensions were formed by the overlap of pyramidal cavities with different adjacent distances using the tip-based continuous indentation process. The effects of the reverse nanoimprinting process and coating process on the final topography of the structures are studied. The experimental results show that the Raman intensity of the Au-film-coated PDMS substrate is influenced by the topography of the micro/nanostructures and by the thickness of the Au film. The Raman intensity of 1362 cm−1 R6G peak on the structured Au-film-coated PDMS substrate is about 8 times higher than the SERS tests on a commercial substrate (Q-SERS). A SERS enhancement factor ranging from 7.5 × 105 to 6 × 106 was achieved using the structured Au-film-coated PDMS surface, and it was demonstrated that the method proposed in this paper is reliable, replicable, homogeneous and low-cost for the fabrication of SERS substrates.

RSC Advances ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 7 (20) ◽  
pp. 11969-11978 ◽  
Yongda Yan ◽  
Jingran Zhang ◽  
Ping Xu ◽  
Peng Miao

Based on the tip-based continuous indentation process, a novel method for the fabrication of periodic arrayed triangular micro-cavities on copper (Cu) surface is presented as SERS substrates.

2016 ◽  
Vol 52 (5) ◽  
pp. 906-912 ◽  
E. L. Kossovich ◽  
N. N. Dobryakova ◽  
S. A. Epshtein ◽  
D. S. Belov

2012 ◽  
Vol 149 (6) ◽  
pp. 945-963 ◽  

AbstractForming a northern continuation of the Moldanubian Thrust Zone, the Staré Město Belt comprises an E-verging thrust stack of three narrow lithotectonic units that exhibit variations in their respective P–T records. The upper and lower units form the respective margins of the hanging wall and footwall of the suture zone and are dominated by amphibolite grade metasedimentary successions. The middle unit is defined by an elongated body of MORB-like amphibolites that contains inserts of migmatized mica schists. Integrating both structural studies and pseudosection modelling in the MnNCKFMASH system shows that the present-day tectonic architecture of the Staré Město Belt is the result of a polyphase Variscan evolution. During a frontal, WNW–ESE-directed (in present-day coordinates) collision between the Bohemian Massif terranes and the Brunovistulian terrane, the metasedimentary rocks of the Staré Město Belt experienced tectonic burial to depths corresponding to 7–9 kbar. The continuous indentation and underthrusting of the Brunovistulian terrane led to top-to-the-ESE folding and uplift of these rocks to depths corresponding to 5.5–6.0 kbar at peak temperature. At depths corresponding to 5.5 kbar, the Staré Město Belt underwent subsequent dextral (top-to-the-NNE) shearing that was locally associated with nearly isobaric heating, possibly related to the emplacement of a Carboniferous tonalite body in the axial part of the Staré Město Belt. Subsequent tectonic compression resulted in the Variscan WNW-dipping metamorphic foliations becoming locally (N)NE- or ESE-dipping.

2009 ◽  
Vol 501 (1-2) ◽  
pp. 140-145 ◽  
Jean-Marc Collin ◽  
Gérard Mauvoisin ◽  
Olivier Bartier ◽  
Rochdi El Abdi ◽  
Philippe Pilvin

2007 ◽  
Vol 26-28 ◽  
pp. 1149-1152
Doo Song Gil ◽  
Yeon Shik Ahn ◽  
Sang Ki Park

Reliability evaluation of the welded structure is divided by method concentrating on defect and mechanical property. Thermal power plant facilities are operated in high temperature, high pressure and called for safety guarantee. Three factors are constituted for this. The First is PSI(pre-service inspection) and the second is ISI(in-service inspection) and the third is quantitative analysis in safety. Main steam and hot reheat steam pipes in thermal power plant are frequently making a trouble because of unsuitable quality control under construction. So, the suitable construction and the development of life forecast method is urgent matter. Therefore, the continuous indentation technique is interested in effective test method of pipes in power plant facilities. This strong point of the continuous indentation technique is possibility of super-precision measurement, programmed test analysis, nondestructive stiffness evaluation. This study is focused on the possibility of the continuous indentation technique application in main steam and hot reheat steam pipes for stiffness evaluation in thermal power plant facilities.

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