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2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sahrai Saeed ◽  
Ronak Rajani

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.5719 How to cite this:Saeed S, Rajani R. The association of pre-existing comorbid conditions with COVID-19 severity and post-COVID complications; insights from South Asia. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(3):439-441. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.5719 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Javeria Junaid ◽  
Anisuddin Bhatti

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.5758 How to cite this:Junaid J, Bhatti A. A new functional Hip Scoring System compatible with Asian Lifestyle. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(3):442-444. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.5758 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Gabriella Marcatajo

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to offer some reflection on the importance of reliable green claims to encourage sustainable production. The role of market is fundamental. Businesses and consumers are both involved in achieving environmental protection objectives. There is the real risk of the phenomenon of so-called green washing or misleading marketing. The problem arises of verifying the reliability of green claims to prevent competitive elements from become distorting factors of competition. Design/methodology/approach Based on the analysis of a European programme, the author shows how in Italy there is a dangerous lack of consumer protection. For this reason the European and national authorities have provided that green claims must be true, reliable, verifiable and comparable, but it is necessary that consumers be protected, through a certification system that makes it possible to certify the veracity of green claims. The problem is that a number of certification systems have been adopted in Europe which undermine the competitiveness of the market for green products. Findings This work aims to identify the tools necessary to make green indications more reliable, but above all to create a common methodology on which to base them. In this direction, companies wishing to advertise the ecological characteristics of their products should be required to provide the supporting demonstrations on the basis of a standard methodology assessing their actual environmental impact. Originality/value This work will examine the problem of green washing and the importance of reliable green claims for environmental protection. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper is the original work of the author and has not been submitted elsewhere for publication.


Author(s):  
Margaret Susan Thompson

Barbara Welter concludes her pathbreaking article, “The Cult of True Womanhood, 1820-1860,” by declaring that “[Various forces in their lives] … called forth responses from woman, which differed from those she was trained to believe were hers by nature and divine decree. The very perfection of True Womanhood, moreover, carried within itself the seeds of its own destruction. For if woman was so very little less than the angels, she should surely take a more active part in running the world, especially since men were making such a hash of things” [174]. Traditionally, in both Welter’s original work and the many efforts that have subsequently followed, the living out of “True Womanhood” and the creative subversion it unintentionally inspired have been understood almost exclusively in either secular or Protestant contexts. This article explores the role of Catholic education by sisters in both reinforcing and undermining Victorian gender roles, and specifically analyzes the contributions of Catholic women religious to the complex and subversive process that Welter suggested. It analyzes the cultural and religious tensions that characterized nineteenth-century Catholic women’s education, as well as the women’s agency that, however inadvertently, it came to empower.


2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (ICON-2022) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sana Niaz ◽  
Sahira Naz ◽  
Rumaissa Abdul Raziq

Congenital Pouch Colon (CPC) is a rare anorectal malformation (ARM) in which a part of or the entire colon is replaced by pouch-like dilatation. Males are more likely to be diagnosed with the condition compared to females. The highest incidence of the disease is in South Asia, with a significant number of cases reported from India. Early diagnosis can be made when there are hypoechogenic lesions on antenatal ultrasound scans. We report a case of a neonate with routine antenatal scans who presented with a distended abdomen and inability to pass feces. The diagnosis was made in the early neonatal period, followed by surgical management. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5771 How to cite this:Niaz S, Naz S, Raziq RA. Congenital Pouch Colon in a Neonate. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(2):426-429.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5771 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (ICON-2022) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nazia Khursheed ◽  
Amna Umer ◽  
Fareeha Adnan

Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic pathogen, mainly responsible for meningitis in immunodeficient individuals. We report a rare case of dessiminated cryptococcosis in a six years old boy, patient was being evaluated for lymphoma. In the present case the causative agent was Cryptococcus neoformans. It was diagnosed through Bactec, aerobic blood culture bottle. The cause of hospitalization of the patient was fever with abdominal pain. Blood and CSF culture revealed the presence of Cryptococcus neoformans which was further confirmed by urease test and corn meal tween agar (CMT). In the present case fungus was unusually isolated earlier from blood culture rather than cerebrospinal fluid. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5784 How to cite this:Khursheed N, Umer A, Adnan F. Disseminated cryptococcal infection in a lymphoma suspected patient. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(2):430-432. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5784 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chia-Hui Chu ◽  
Shu-Hui Weng

Nursing interruptions can suspend the nursing process and distracting the nurses’ attention. In a nursing information system, there are lots of pop-up windows to notify the nurses to complete the nursing records. These notifications can also interrupt the original work. We proposed an “Integrated Reminders of Nursing Written Assignment” system to reduce the number of interruptions from the nursing information system. The result showed that the number of pop-up windows decreased from 489.48 to 0 per shift. The completeness of the nursing records raised from 97.3% to 100%. The “Integrated Reminders of Nursing Written Assignment” can effectively reduce the frequency of nursing interruptions and improve the quality of nursing records.


2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (ICON-2022) ◽  
Author(s):  
Farhana Amanullah ◽  
Naila Baig Ansari

  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5770 How to cite this:Amanullah F, Baig-Ansari N. ICON 2022 Supplement. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(2):333.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5770 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (ICON-2022) ◽  
Author(s):  
Shaukat Ali Jawaid

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5757 How to cite this:Jawaid SA. Contributions to medical literature by Indus Hospital Health Network through Research. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(2):331-332. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5757 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (23) ◽  
pp. 7126
Author(s):  
Alessandra Forni ◽  
Rosario Russo ◽  
Giacomo Rapeti ◽  
Stefano Pieraccini ◽  
Maurizio Sironi

The concept of orthogonality between halogen and hydrogen bonding, brought out by Ho and coworkers some years ago, has become a widely accepted idea within the chemists’ community. While the original work was based on a common carbonyl oxygen as acceptor for both interactions, we explore here, by means of M06-2X, M11, ωB97X, and ωB97XD/aug-cc-PVTZ DFT calculations, the interdependence of halogen and hydrogen bonding with a shared π-electron system of benzene. The donor groups (specifically NCBr and H2O) were placed on either or the same side of the ring, according to a double T-shaped or a perpendicular geometry, respectively. The results demonstrate that the two interactions with benzene are not strictly independent on each other, therefore outlining that the orthogonality between halogen and hydrogen bonding, intended as energetical independence between the two interactions, should be carefully evaluated according to the specific acceptor group.


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