Sensitivity Analysis
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Water ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 148
Ning Zhao ◽  
Yongxin Feng ◽  
Debo Li ◽  
Limei Chen

With the improvement of environmental protection requirements, more and more attention has been given to desulphurization wastewater with zero discharge in coal power plants. Atomization drying is part of the main zero discharge technologies at present. Economic analysis of the atomization drying of desulphurization wastewater is beneficial to the formulation of an appropriate operation scheme and to the reduction of operation costs. The economic analysis and sensitivity analysis of different operating conditions such as unit load, the handling capacity of concentrates, and the temperature of the extracted flue gas in the atomization drying process of concentrated desulfurized wastewater were carried out in this paper. The main cost of the drying process came from the influence of flue gas extraction on the overall heat transfer in the boiler, resulting in the decrease in power generation revenue, which can reach more than 80%. The operating cost of auxiliary machinery was relatively low. The cost of treatment for per ton of concentrates increased first and then decreased with the increase in temperature of the extracted flue gas, and it decreased with the increase in the handling capacity of the concentrates. The effect of a unit load on the treatment cost was also related to the temperature of the extracted flue gas, and the optimal flue gas temperature increase to higher temperatures as the unit load decreased. The minimum treatment costs per ton of concentrate ranged from CNY 143.54/t to CNY 158.77/t under different unit loads. Sensitivity analysis showed that the temperature of the extracted flue gas had the greatest impact on treatment cost, and its sensitivity coefficient was 0.0834. The ways in which to improve economic benefits were discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 108739
José M. Cabrera ◽  
Abhishek Rajput ◽  
M.A. Iqbal ◽  
N.K. Gupta

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Dengzhi Peng ◽  
Kekui Fang ◽  
Jianjie Kuang ◽  
Mohamed A. Hassan ◽  
Gangfeng Tan

Lateral stability is quite essential for the vehicle. For the vehicle with an articulated steering system, the vehicle load and steering system performance is quite different from the passenger car with the Ackman steering system. To investigate the influence of the tire characteristics and vehicle parameters on lateral stability, a single-track dynamic model is established based on the vehicle dynamic theory. The accuracy of the built model is validated by the field test result. The investigated parameters include the tire cornering stiffness, vehicle load, wheelbase, and speed. Based on the snaking steering maneuver, the lateral stability criteria including the yaw rate, vehicle sideslip angle, tire sideslip angle, and lateral force are calculated and compared. The sensitivity analysis of the tire and vehicle parameters on the lateral stability indicators is initiated. The results demonstrated that the parameters that affect the lateral vehicle stability the most are the load on the rear part and the tire cornering stiffness. The findings also lay a foundation for the optimization of the vehicle’s lateral stability.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 107-118
Agus Mochamad Ramdhan ◽  
Arifin Arifin ◽  
Erik Hermawan ◽  
Lambok M. Hutasoit

Groundwater remediation is one of the solutions to restore the contaminated groundwater. This study was conducted to determine the effect of hydraulic conductivity and dynamic dispersivity on the groundwater remediation effectiveness. As a case study, in 2020, in an area located in Balikpapan, groundwater remediation will be carried out by injecting water containing NaOH through five wells and pumping it back through five wells to form a cycle. The method used is a numerical simulation consisting of groundwater flow simulation, mass transport, and sensitivity analysis. The results show that it takes 124 to 300 days for the injected NaOH to arrive at the pumping wells. The sensitivity analysis results show that when the hydraulic conductivity value is ten times greater, the time required is reduced to 84 to 172 days. Meanwhile, when the dynamic dispersivity is twice larger, the time required is reduced to 75 to 189 days. These results indicate that the groundwater remediation method will be effective for aquifers with high hydraulic conductivity and dynamic dispersivity values. For the study area, the groundwater remediation is suggested to be carried out by increasing the number of injection and pumping wells with a relatively close distance, i.e., around 10 meters, so that NaOH arrives at the pumping wells more quickly.Keywords: groundwater, remediation, hydraulic conductivity, dynamic dispersivity, numerical simulation

Aissam Gaagai ◽  
Hani Amir Aouissi ◽  
Andrey E. Krauklis ◽  
Juris Burlakovs ◽  
Ali Athamena ◽  

The risk related to embankment dam breaches needs to be evaluated in order to prepare emergency action plans. The physical and hydrodynamic parameters of the flood wave generated from dam-failure event correspond to various breach parameters such as width, slope and formation time. This study aimed to simulate dam-breach failure scenario of Yabous dam (NE Algeria) and analyze its influence on areas (urban and natural environments) downstream the dam. The simulation was completed using the sensitivity analysis method in order to assess the impact of breach parameters on the dam-break scenario. The propagation of flood wave associated to dam-break was simulated using the one-dimensional HEC-RAS hydraulic model. This study ap-plied a sensitivity analysis of three breach parameters (slope, width, and formation time) in five sites selected downstream the embankment dam. The simulation showed that the maximum flow of the flood wave recorded at the level of the breach was 8768 m3/s, which gradually attenuated along the river course to reach 1579.2m3/s at about 8.5km downstream the dam. This study estab-lished the map of flood-prone areas that illustrated zones threatened with the flooding wave trig-gered by the dam failure due to extreme rainfall events. The sensitivity analysis showed that flood wave flow, height and width revealed positive and similar changes for the increase in adjustments (±25% and ±50%) of breach width and slope in the 5 sites. However, flood wave parameters of breach formation time showed significant trends that changed in the opposite direction compared to breach slope and width.

Wenjia Wang ◽  
Peter M. Clausen ◽  
Kai-Uwe Bletzinger

AbstractIn this paper, load step reduction techniques are investigated for adjoint sensitivity analysis of path-dependent nonlinear finite element systems. In particular, the focus is on finite strain elastoplasticity with typical hardening models. The aim is to reduce the computational cost in the adjoint sensitivity implementation. The adjoint sensitivity formulation is derived with the multiplicative decomposition of deformation gradient, which is applicable to finite strain elastoplasticity. Two properties of adjoint variables are investigated and theoretically proved under certain prerequisites. Based on these properties, load step reduction rules in the sensitivity analysis are discussed. The efficiency of the load step reduction and the applicability to isotropic hardening and kinematic hardening models are numerically demonstrated. Examples include a small-scale cantilever beam structure and a large-scale conrod structure under huge plastic deformations.

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