Taguchi Method
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Shubham Padmaker Thakur

Abstract: Several composite materials are being used in biomedical and dental field with their immense applications to repair and transform various organs in human body. Recent advances suggest that Hydroxyapatite is one of the most reliable and widely used inorganic composite in dentistry. Desirable applications of Hydroxyapatite are achieved by utilizing variety of hydroxyapatite and their composites. This study was conducted to evaluate the compressive & flexural strength. Cylindrical specimens (n=9) for compressive strength & rectangular shaped specimens (n=9) for flexural strength were made according to manufacturer’s recommendations. Dental composite is using quartz, silica, and alumina glass as filler for a long time. Taguchi optimization technique keeps the experimentation within limit giving valid product in the calculating of compressive and flexural strength optimization. The goal of the work is to detect the best combination of composite materials. Keywords: Hydroxyapatite, Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength, Taguchi’s optimization method.

2022 ◽  
Vol 295 ◽  
pp. 110838
Sarah Tietjen ◽  
Ines Graubner ◽  
André Sradnick

Jin-Gon Kim ◽  
Hyun-Joong Yoon ◽  
Yong-Kuk Park

2022 ◽  
Jose Luis Meseguer Valdenebro ◽  
Eusebio José Martínez Conesa ◽  
Antonio Portoles

Abstract The aim of this work is to carry out the design of experiments that determine the influence of the welding parameters using Taguchi’s method on the grain size, HAZ, and the degree of dilution in 6063-T5 alloy. The welding process used is GMAW and the welding parameters are power, welding speed and bevel spacing. The study of the influence of the welding parameters on the measurements made in the welding (which are the size of heat affected zone, the degree of dilution, and the grain size) allows one to determine the quality of the joint . In addition, the welding parameter most influential in minimising the three measurements will be determined.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 486
Sorin Barabas ◽  
Adriana Florescu

The appearance of cracks in brittle materials in general and in marble, in particular, is a problem in the hydro-abrasive jet cutting process. In this paper is presented a method to reduce the appearance of cracks when cutting with a hydro-abrasive jet of marble by using statistical analysis. The Taguchi method was used, establishing the main parameters that influence the process. Research design was based on performing experiments by modifying the parameters that influence the process. In this way, it has been shown that the stochastic effects resulting from the marble structure can be reduced. A careful study was made of the behavior of marble under the action of the hydro-abrasive jet, and of the behavior of the whole process in the processing of brittle materials. Results of experiments confirmed the hypothesis that statistical analysis is a procedure that can lead to a decrease in the number of cracks in processing. The measurement was performed with precise instruments and analyzed with recognized software and according to the results obtained, the reduction of the number of cracks is achieved through use of low pressure, a minimum stand-off distance and a small tube diameter. In this way, the paper presents a new and effective tool for optimizing the cutting with a hydro-abrasive jet of marble.

2022 ◽  
Peng Wang ◽  
Qingshun Bai ◽  
Kai Cheng ◽  
Liang Zhao ◽  
Hui Ding

Abstract The surface integrity and machining accuracy of thin-walled micro parts are significantly affected by micro-milling parameters mostly because of their weak stiffness. Furthermore, there is still a lack of studies focusing on parameters optimization for the fabrication of thin-walled microscale parts. In this paper, an innovative approach is proposed for the optimization of machining parameters with the objectives of surface quality and dimension accuracy, which integrates the Taguchi method, principal component analysis method (PCA) and the Non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II). In the study, surface arithmetic average height Sa, surface root mean square height Sq, and 3-D fractal dimension Ds are selected to evaluate surface quality. Then micro-milling experiments are conducted based on the Taguchi method. According to the experimental results, the significance of machining parameters can be determined by range analysis. Besides, regression models for the responses are developed comparatively, and the PCA method is employed for dimension reduction of the optimization objective space. Finally, two combinations of machining parameters with the highest satisfaction are obtained through NSGA-II, and verification experiments are carried out. The results show that the surface quality and dimension accuracy of the thin-walled microscale parts can be simultaneously improved by using the proposed approach.

2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (4) ◽  
pp. 114-129
Yongsun Lee ◽  
Jinrae Cho ◽  
Seongryeol Han

The aim of the paper consisted in the development of an injection mold for plastic horn cover parts in commercial vehicles. Three mold types were designed in anticipation of the structure and quality of molds, and injection molding numerical analyses were conducted for the three types of molds. One mold type was selected in consideration of the resin flow patterns inside the mold, surface quality, and final deflection amount of the horn cover. To perform optimal injection molding using the selected mold, optimization of injection molding parameters was performed using the Taguchi method, one of the designs of experiment (DOE) and ANOVA methods. As a result, it was confirmed that the deflection amount of the molding under optimal molding parameters decreased by about 34.3% compared to the deflection amount before optimization of the molding parameters. Based on these encouraging results, the previously selected mold type was actually manufactured. The horn cover was molded using the obtained optimal injection molding parameters to the manufactured mold. To verify the precision of the molded horn cover, the deflection amount of the molding was measured with a 3D scanner. The deflection amount of the horn cover was estimated to be about 11% to 43% larger for each measurement position than the deflection amounts in the analysis results. The manufactured mold was revised to solve the problem that the deflection amount of the actual molding is larger than the deflection amount predicted by injection molding analysis. The dimensions and surface quality of the horn cover with a revised mold were satisfactory.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1048 ◽  
pp. 291-297
George Pramod ◽  
D. Philip Selvaraj ◽  
George Pradeep

A CNC dry milling experiment was conducted for the machining parameter optimization of two grades of Martensitic Stainless steel (MSS). Optimization is done by employing Taguchi method (S/N ratio and ANOVA). The specimens used are MSS grades 410 and 420.The experiments were designed by employing L9 orthogonal array for 3 levels of feed and spindle speeds. The impact of these parameters on cutting force was analyzed. The analysis reveals that spindle speed constitute the maximum impact on cutting force for both MSS grades. Optimum cutting parameters are obtained at 30 mm/min (feed rate) and 1500 rpm (spindle speed). Due to higher Chromium and Carbon content in AISI 420 MSS resulted higher cutting force values compared with AISI 410 MSS. Optimum values of cutting parameters are estimated for improving productivity and quality. The predicted values at optimal conditions are estimated. The results indicate a good conformity with the outcome of experiment.

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