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2022 ◽  
Vol 67 ◽  
pp. 134-140
Mitchell S. Buckley ◽  
Ivan A. Komerdelj ◽  
Paul A. D'Alessio ◽  
Pooja Rangan ◽  
Sumit K. Agarwal ◽  

Norbert Quadflieg ◽  
Silke Naab ◽  
Ulrich Voderholzer ◽  
Manfred M. Fichter

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 68
Dong Jae Shim ◽  
Jong Woo Kim ◽  
Doyoung Kim ◽  
Gi-Young Ko ◽  
Dong Il Gwon ◽  

Chung-Yi Liao ◽  
Chun-Cheng Li ◽  
Hsin-Yi Liu ◽  
Jui-Tai Chen ◽  
Yih-Giun Cherng ◽  

Migraine headaches can be provoked by surgical stress and vasoactive effects of anesthetics of general anesthesia in the perioperative period. However, it is unclear whether general anesthesia increases the migraine risk after major surgery. Incidence and risk factors of postoperative migraine are also largely unknown. We utilized reimbursement claims data of Taiwan’s National Health Insurance and performed propensity score matching analyses to compare the risk of postoperative migraine in patients without migraine initially who underwent general or neuraxial anesthesia. Multivariable logistic regressions were applied to calculate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for migraine risk. A total of 68,131 matched pairs were analyzed. The overall incidence of migraine was 9.82 per 1000 person-years. General anesthesia was not associated with a greater risk of migraine compared with neuraxial anesthesia (aORs: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.80–1.09). This finding was consistent across subgroups of different migraine subtypes, uses of migraine medications, and varying postoperative periods. Influential factors for postoperative migraine were age (aOR: 0.99), sex (male vs. female, aOR: 0.50), pre-existing anxiety disorder (aOR: 2.43) or depressive disorder (aOR: 2.29), concurrent uses of systemic corticosteroids (aOR: 1.45), ephedrine (aOR: 1.45), and theophylline (aOR: 1.40), and number of emergency room visits before surgery. There was no difference in the risk of postoperative migraine between surgical patients undergoing general and neuraxial anesthesia. This study identified the risk factors for postoperative migraine headaches, which may provide an implication in facilitating early diagnoses and treatment.

Cartilage ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 194760352110638
Ashley A. Williams ◽  
Brittney C. Deadwiler ◽  
Jason L. Dragoo ◽  
Constance R. Chu

Objective Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has not been shown to decrease the risk for development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 mapping can be used to assess cartilage compositional changes. This study tests whether (1) worse cartilage arthroscopic status at ACLR is reflected by higher cartilage T2 values in matched study regions 6 weeks and 1 year after ACLR, and (2) increasing cartilage T2 values between 6 weeks and 1 year after ACLR are associated with worsening patient-reported outcomes. Design Twenty-two participants with ACLR and 26 controls underwent 3T MRI. T2 values in medial and lateral femoral and tibial cartilage were measured at 6 weeks and 1 year after ACLR and compared with arthroscopic grades, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (KOOS), and control T2 values. Results Most (59%-86%) cartilage study regions examined by arthroscopy demonstrated intact articular surfaces. Average T2 value increased in 3 of 4 study regions between 6 weeks and 1 year after ACLR ( P = .001-.011). T2 value increased ( P < .013) even for participants whose cartilage had intact articular surfaces at ACLR. Participants with ACLR who showed greater increases in cartilage T2 values had less improvement to KOOS Quality of Life ( P = .009, ρ = −0.62). Discussion Cartilage status assessed arthroscopically at ACLR and by MRI T2 maps 6 weeks later was healthier than cartilage status assessed by MRI T2 maps at 1-year follow-up. Progressive T2 elevations were observed over the first year after ACLR even in patients with arthroscopically intact cartilage at the time of surgery and were associated with reduced improvement in knee quality of life suggesting preosteoarthritis.

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