influential factors
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 107362
Genzhuang Li ◽  
Bern Klein ◽  
Chunbao Sun ◽  
Jue Kou

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yifei Li ◽  
Man Zuo ◽  
Yirong Peng ◽  
Jie Zhang ◽  
Yiping Chen ◽  

The objective of this study was to investigate and analyze the status and influential factors of gender equality awareness, self-esteem, and subjective well-being in school-age boys and girls. The results can help schools and teachers provide more effective gender equality and mental health education. In the study, 284 valid questionnaires were collected from a total of 323 school-age boys and girls in the Hunan Province, China (effective response rate of 87.93%). The questionnaire covered gender equality awareness, self-esteem, and subjective well-being, with the influencing factors analyzed through multiple linear regression. There was a significant correlation among children’s gender equality awareness in all areas examined (family, occupation, and school), with both boys and girls having the lowest awareness of gender equality in occupational fields. The children’s self-esteem and subjective well-being were significantly correlated as well. Gender equality awareness, self-esteem, and subjective well-being among boys and girls reflected different influential factors. Androgynous traits (neither feminine nor masculine) were conducive to the development of gender equality awareness and self-esteem among the children. Therefore, schools and teachers need to provide gender equality and mental health education according to the specific psychological characteristics of each boy and girl.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Lulu Yuan ◽  
Yuqin Gao ◽  
Bochen Pan ◽  
Junyan Wang ◽  
Yanjie Wang ◽  

Background: Resilience has become a hot spot in the field of positive psychology to study life-change events. However, there were little information on resilience among the fathers and mothers of patients with cleft lip and/or palate respectively. The present study aimed to explore and compare the level and potential influential factors associated with resilience among fathers/mothers of patients with cleft lip and/or palate in China.Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out between April 2019 and July 2020 among fathers/mothers of patients with cleft lip and/or palate in two cleft lip and/or palate treatment centers in China. Sixty Nine fathers and 179 mothers of patients with cleft lip and/or palate were interviewed with a questionnaire on demographic variables and the Resilience Scale-14 (RS-14), Herth Hope Index (HHI), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) and Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP). T-test/univariate one-way ANOVA, Pearson's r, hierarchical linear regression analysis were conducted to explore the influential factors of resilience.Results: Fathers of patients with cleft lip and/or palate had a higher level of resilience (77.77 ± 14.18) than mothers (74.52 ± 14.33) though without significance. Resilience was positively associated with hope, perceived social support, optimism and coping and negatively correlated with parenting stress both in the fathers and the mothers. Hierarchical linear regression analysis showed that hope (β = 0.400, P < 0.01), coping (β = 0.281, P < 0.05), job status, medical payments (β = −0.240, P < 0.05) were found to be associated with resilience among the fathers of patients with CL/P, and all four variables in the model could explain 42.8% of the variance in resilience; Hope (β = 0.225, P < 0.05), perceived social support (β = 0.194, P < 0.05), the age of patients (β = 0.189, P < 0.05) were found to be associated with resilience among the mothers, and all three variables in the model could explain 27.6% of the variance in resilience.Conclusion: Our study showed that, in China, fathers of patients with cleft lip and/or palate had a higher level of resilience than mothers though without significance. Hope was the only communal variable strongly associated with resilience among both the fathers and the mothers; besides, coping, job status and medical payments were found to be associated with resilience among the fathers; while perceived social support and the age of patients were found to be associated with resilience among the mothers. The results suggest that enhance hope in parents of patients with cleft lip and/or palate might greatly help improve their resilience. Besides, fathers and mothers need specific intervention to prompt their resilience.

Ahmed Lubbad ◽  
Irene Oluwatoba-Popoola ◽  
Melanie Haar ◽  
Carsten Framme ◽  
Anna Bajor

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effect of corneal density and thickness on the accuracy of tonometry readings obtained via three most used techniques. Method Intraocular pressures of 45 patients’ right eyes were measured using Goldmann Applanation, iCare, and non-contact tonometry methods. Corneal parameters were obtained using the Pentacam Camera System. Data obtained were analyzed using Paired t Test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression analysis, and Bland–Altman plots. Results The mean corneal thickness was 545.4 ± 3.93 μm. The mean corneal density of total, stromal, 0–2 mm, and 2–6 mm zones were 27.85 ± 6.23 GSU, 24.61 ± 6.05 GSU, 20.76 ± 2.96 GSU, and 20.81 ± 3.51 GSU respectively. IOP readings had a statistically significant correlation with corneal stromal thickness, as well as with total and stromal density. The stromal density, however, showed higher correlation with the three tonometry methods than did the total density (iCare:  − .482 (0.001) stromal density versus− .464 (0.001) total density, NCT: − .376 (0.011) versus − .353 (0.017), GAT: − .306 (0.041) versus − .296 (0.048)). Statistical differences were found in comparing the iCare readings with GAT (P < 0,00) and with NCT (P < 0,00), with mean differences of 1.8 mmHg ± 2.6 and 2.0 mmHg ± 2.6 respectively. GAT and NCT measurements showed no statistical difference (P > 0.05). Conclusion This study shows that both central corneal thickness and stromal density are significant influential factors of reliable IOP readings. It is necessary to consider more corneal biomechanical properties, as well as exercise a high degree of caution in any new attempts towards adjusting an IOP-correction equation.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110723
Yasir Ibrahim Shah ◽  
Zhijian Hu ◽  
Pengfei Yao

This paper presents an experimental study of a novel composite structure used in prefabricated bridges. Corrugated pipes were used to improve the interface bond performance of the structure because of their excellent stiffening effect on the grouting material. Interface bond performance of overlap joints within corrugated pipes was explored by the load-displacement curve and load-strain curves. Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) and high-strength mortar were used as grouting materials. The diameter of steel bars, UHPC, high-strength mortar, strength grades of surrounded concrete, anchorage length, the diameter of the corrugated pipe, and lap length was taken as influential factors. Twenty specimens were designed for the pull-out test by using a larger cover thickness. The failure modes and the influence of different influential factors on the interface bond strength of each specimen were analyzed. The results show that the bond performance between UHPC and reinforcement was better than that of high-strength mortar and normal concrete, which can effectively improve the bond strength and reduce the basic anchorage length of reinforcement besides the design size of prefabricated members. In addition, the differences in anchorage length and lap length between the corrugated pipe grouting reinforcement were compared to the different specifications and prefabricated concrete members. Combined with the test phenomenon and analysis results, it is suggested that the anchorage length and lap length of connecting reinforcement should be reconsidered. Furthermore, the grouting effect under different diameters of corrugated pipe and reinforcement were compared. It is recommended that the corrugated pipe diameter should be four times that of the overlapping grouting reinforcement.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Symeon Dionysis ◽  
Thomas Chesney ◽  
Derek McAuley

PurposeGiven the increasing industry interest in blockchain technologies for supply chain management and product traceability, this paper aims to investigate consumer purchasing intentions for blockchain traceable coffee and their psychosocial antecedents, utilising an extended model of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB).Design/methodology/approachAn online questionnaire study of 123 participants was deployed, using two traceability systems (one based on blockchain and one on a more established traceability certification) for organic coffee.FindingsAdding variables such as environmental protections, trust and habits significantly increased the predictive power of TPB. The results suggest that attitude, perceived behavioural control and environmental protections drive intentions to purchase blockchain traceable coffee.Research limitations/implicationsApart from establishing the factors affecting consumer intentions for blockchain traceable coffee, this study validates the TPB as a model of explaining coffee purchasing intentions and provides evidence of new variables that can significantly increase the model's predictive power.Practical implicationsThe proposed format of presenting traceability information along with the significant variables revealed in our study can function as a guide for designing product features and marketing strategies for blockchain traceable organic coffee. Increasing consumer awareness on product traceability will also play a crucial role in the success of these products.Originality/valueThis study is the first to explore consumer purchasing intentions for blockchain traceable coffee and establish the psychosocial variables behind them contributing, in that way, to an understudied area in academic literature as well as providing insights for a more consumer-centric design of such products.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Rosanne M. Smits ◽  
Dieuwke S. Veldhuijzen ◽  
Henriët van Middendorp ◽  
Marianne J. E. van der Heijden ◽  
Monique van Dijk ◽  

Objectives: Placebo effects, beneficial treatment outcomes due to non-active treatment components, play an important role in the overall treatment response. To facilitate these beneficial effects it is important to explore the perspectives of health care professionals (HCPs) on the integration of placebo effects in clinical care. Three themes were investigated: knowledge about placebo effects and factors that contribute to these, frequency of placebo use, and attitudes toward acceptability and transparency of placebo use in treatment.Methods: A cross-sectional survey, according to the Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys guidelines and STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE), was conducted in the Netherlands in 2020. The survey was conducted in two samples: a (nested) short survey in 78 nurses during working shifts (sample 1) and an extended online survey in 47 general HCPs e.g., medical psychologists, oncologists, surgeons (sample 2).Results: Respondents from both samples reported to be somewhat or quite familiar with placebo effects (24.0 and 47.2%, respectively). From the six placebo mechanisms that were presented, mind-body interaction, positive expectations, and brain activity involved in placebo effects were rated as the most influential factors in placebo effects [F(5,119) = 20.921, p &lt; 0.001]. The use of placebo effects was reported in 53.8% (n = 42) of the nurses (e.g., by inducing positive expectations), and 17.4% of the HCPs (n = 8 reported to make use of pure placebos and 30.4% of impure placebos (n = 14). Attitudes toward placebo use in treatment were acceptant, and transparency was highly valued (both up to 51%).Conclusions: The findings from this study address knowledge gaps in placebo effects in practice and provide insights in attitudes toward the integration of placebo effects from HCPs. Altogether, integrating these findings may potentially optimize treatment outcomes.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document