Squamous Cell
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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (3) ◽  
pp. 863-868
Author(s):  
Bao-Song NGUYEN-TRAN ◽  
Nam-Phuong TRAN-THI ◽  
Quy-Tran NGO ◽  
Lan LE-TRONG ◽  
Tung NGUYEN-THANH ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 124-131
Author(s):  
Paraag Kumar

Background: Carcinoma esophagus is the 6th most common cancer in India with an incidence of 5.04% It most commonly affects older age individuals, with incidence peaking in seventh and eighth decades of life. Adenocarcinoma (AC) and Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are the two main histological variants. Our aim was to study the risk factors, clinical and epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with Esophageal Cancer from two tertiary care centres located in North India.Methods:This was a retrospective study carried in departments of gastroenterology of two tertiary care hospitals North India. Data was collected from respective institutes for the previous 1 year i.e. from 1st October 2020 to 30th September 2021. All patients presenting to Gastroenterology OPD or emergency with dysphagia who were diagnosed as having Carcinoma esophagus were included in the study.Results:A total of 106 patients were included in this study. There were 44 females & 66 males. The most common presenting complaint was Dysphagia (48%) followed by Loss of weight (26.4%), Vomiting (in 23.6%) and Odynophagia (22.6%). Involvement of the lower one third of the oesophagus was the most common (37.7%). SCC (Squamous Cell Carcinoma) was the most common type of oesophageal carcinoma in this study, seen approximately in 80% of cases.Conclusion:Our study from North India suggested poor oral hygiene as a strong risk for carcinoma esophagus Males were more commonly affected and SCC was the predominant variant.


Author(s):  
Saket Mehrotra

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most important and the most common malignant mucosal neoplasm of the head and neck accounting for over 90% of all malignancies. Conventional oral Squamous cell carcinoma is frequently present in general cancerous conditions. It is bundled up with six different variants. Histomorphologically every variant shows a unique appearance. This raises an opportunity for the different diagnostic consideration with the precise management decision.All cases of OSCC reported at our institution Dentopath Pathologies Amravati in past two months were scrutinized. Representative sections containing the full thickness of the tumor were used for histopathological grading. The structure and identification of carcinomas were done microscopically by two expert dentopathologist.In the present study, we screened 100 slides of a conventional epithelial cell carcinoma. Amonst which 30 Slides showed the verrucous carcinoma. On 5 slides adenoid squamous cell carcinoma were observed. Incidence of Papillary squamous cell carcinoma and basaloid squamous cell carcinoma was only 1 out of 100 slides each. Whereas, the spindle cell/sarcomatoid carcinoma was observed on 2 slides. Adenosquamous carcinoma is the rarest variant and hence no incidence of this carcinoma were observed in our study. The behavior of the OSCC varies amongst due to the presence of different morphological type of tumor. A few studies on OSCC malignancy grading with different clinical parameters were made. In the present study different types of variants are seen according to their histopathological appearances.Histopathological knowledge is very important for the precise diagnosis. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common neoplasm of oral cavity. However, variants of the same show very less frequency. Hence, it became challenge for the appropriate diagnosis as many times a misdiagnosis affects the course of treatment of the patient


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