Cell Carcinoma
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2021 ◽  
Vol 47 (11) ◽  
pp. 1511-1512
Nader Aboul-Fettouh ◽  
Leon Chen ◽  
Sirunya Silapunt ◽  
Michael R. Migden

2021 ◽  
Tianjiao Wang ◽  
Fang Xie ◽  
Yun-Hui Li ◽  
Bin Liang

Aims: The aim of this study was to explore the alteration in ACE2 expression and correlation between ACE2 expression and immune infiltration in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods: The authors first analyzed the expression profiles and prognostic value of ACE2 in ccRCC patients using The Cancer Genome Atlas public database. The authors used ESTIMATE and CIBERSORT algorithms to analyze the correlation between ACE2 expression and tumor microenvironment in ccRCC samples. Results: ACE2 was correlated with sex, distant metastasis, clinical stage, tumor T stage and histological grade. Moreover, downregulation of ACE2 was correlated with unfavorable prognosis. In addition, ACE2 expression was associated with different immune cell subtypes. Conclusion: The authors' analyses suggest that ACE2 plays an important role in the development and progression of ccRCC and may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker in ccRCC patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Jenny Bulgarelli ◽  
Claudia Piccinini ◽  
Elisabetta Petracci ◽  
Elena Pancisi ◽  
Anna Maria Granato ◽  

High-dose interleukin-2 (HD IL-2) has curative potential in metastatic melanoma (MM) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Radiotherapy (RT) kills cancer cells and induces immunomodulatory effects. Prospective trials exploring clinical and immunological properties of combined RT/HD IL-2 are still needed. We designed a phase II, single-arm clinical trial for patients with MM and RCC. The treatment schedule consisted of 3 daily doses of 6-12 Gy of RT to 1-5 non-index metastatic fields, before IL-2 at the first and third treatment cycle. HD IL-2 was administered by continuous infusion for 72 hours and repeated every 3 weeks for up to 4 cycles, thereafter every 4 weeks for a maximum of 2 cycles. The primary endpoint was the immunological efficacy of the combined RT/HD IL-2 treatment (assessed by IFN-γ ELISPOT). Nineteen out of 22 patients were evaluable for immunological and clinical response. Partial response occurred in 3 (15.7%) patients and stable disease was observed in 7 (36.8%). The disease control rate was 52.6% after a median follow up of 39.2 months. According to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4.0 (CTCAE 4.0), the majority of toxicities were grade 1-2. Immunological responses were frequent and detected in 16 (84.2%) patients. Increased levels of IL-8 and IL-10 in melanoma, circulating effector memory CD4+ and intratumoral CD8+ T cells in both tumor types were detected after therapy. Overall the treatment was well tolerated and immunologically active. Immunomonitoring and correlative data on tumor and peripheral blood cell subsets suggest that this combination treatment could be a promising strategy for patients progressing after standard treatments.

2021 ◽  
Vol 46 (6) ◽  
Kazuya Takabatake ◽  
Hirotaka Konishi ◽  
Tomohiro Arita ◽  
Satoshi Kataoka ◽  
Jun Shibamoto ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Kui Liu ◽  
Jing Ma ◽  
Jiao Ao ◽  
Lili Mu ◽  
Yixian Wang ◽  

Chromatin-modifying enzymes, especially protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), have been identified as candidate targets for cancer. Cellular or animal-based evidence has suggested an association between coactivator-linked arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) and cancer progression. However, the relationship between CARM1 and patient prognosis and immune infiltration in pancancer patients is unknown. On the basis of the GEO and TCGA databases, we first investigated the possible oncogenic functions of CARM1 in thirty-three tumor types. CARM1 expression was elevated in many types of tumors. In addition, there was a significant association between CARM1 expression and the survival rate of tumor patients. Uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCES) samples had the highest CARM1 mutation frequency of all cancer types. In head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC), CARM1 expression was associated with the level of CD8+ T cell infiltration, and cancer-associated fibroblast infiltration was also observed in other tumors including kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (KIRC) and prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD). CARM1 was involved in immune modulation and played an important role in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Furthermore, activities associated with RNA transport and its metabolism were included in the possible mechanisms of CARM1. Herein, our first pancancer research explores the oncogenic role of CARM1 in various tumors. CARM1 is associated with immune infiltrates and can be employed as a predictive biomarker in pancancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Hélène Carinato ◽  
Mickaël Burgy ◽  
Régine Ferry ◽  
Cathie Fischbach ◽  
Michal Kalish ◽  

ObjectiveFor most patients suffering from recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC), chemotherapy is the main option after considering surgery and reirradiation. Cetuximab combined with a platinum-fluorouracil regimen (EXTREME) has been the standard of care for over a decade. Nevertheless, a significant number of patients remain unfit for this regimen because of age, severe comorbidities, or poor performance status. The aim of this study is to investigate an alternative regimen with sufficient efficacy and safety.MethodsWe reviewed retrospectively the medical charts of all patients treated with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab (PCC) at our institution. Eligibility criteria were as follows: first-line R/M-HNSCC of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx not suitable for local therapy, cisplatin, and/or 5-FU ineligibility, ECOG-PS: 0–2. PCC consisted of paclitaxel 80 mg/m2, carboplatin AUC 2, and cetuximab at an initial dose of 400 mg/m2 then 250 mg/m2, for 16 weekly administrations followed by cetuximab maintenance for patients for whom a disease control was obtained. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoints were overall response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), and safety.ResultsWe identified 60 consecutive patients treated with PCC between 2010 and 2016 at our institution. Thirty-one patients (52%) were ECOG-PS 2. Fifty-five patients (92%) were cisplatin ineligible. ORR was 43.3% (95% CI, 30.8–55.8), and disease control rate was 65% (95% CI, 52.9–77.1). With a median follow-up of 35.7 months (IQR 28.6–48.8), median PFS was 5.8 months (95% CI, 4.5–7.2), and median OS was 11.7 months (95% CI, 7.5-14.8). For ECOG-PS 0–1 patients, median OS was 14.8 months (95% CI, 12.2–21.7) while it was only 7.5 months (95%CI: 5.5-12.7) for ECOG-PS 2 patients (p < 0.04). Grades III–IV toxicities occurred in 30 patients (50%). Most toxicities were hematologic. Six patients (10%) had febrile neutropenia. Nonhematologic toxicities were reported such as cutaneous toxicities, neuropathy, infusion-related reactions, or electrolyte disorders.ConclusionThe weekly PCC regimen seems to be an interesting option in cisplatin-unfit patients. This study shows favorable PFS and OS when compared with what is achieved with the EXTREME regimen and a high controlled disease rate with predictable and manageable toxicities even in the more fragile population.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Xiaojun Wang ◽  
Jiayi Han ◽  
Yatian Liu ◽  
Jingwen Hu ◽  
Ming Li ◽  

BackgroundEsophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in the world with a high mortality rate. The mechanism about ESCC development and whether miRNAs play a critical role remains unclear and needs carefully elucidated.Materials and MethodsHigh-throughput miRNA sequencing was used to identify the different expression miRNAs between the ESCC tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues. Next, both CCK-8, Transwell and apotosis assay were used to evaluate the role of miRNA in ESCCcells. In addition, we used bioinformatic tools to predict the potential target of the miRNAs and verified by Western Blot. The function of miRNA-target network was further identified in xenograft mice model.ResultsIn ESCC, we identified two miRNAs, miR-17-5p and miR-4443, were significantly upregulated in ESCC tissues than adjacent normal tissues. TIMP2 was proved to be the direct target of both two miRNAs. The miR-17-5p/4443- TIMP2 axis was shown to promote the tumor progression in vitro and in vivo experiments.ConclusionsThis study highlights two oncomiRs, miR-17-5p and miR-4443, and its potential role in ESCC progression by regulating TIMP2 expression, suggesting miR-17-5p and miR-4443 may serve as a novel molecular target for ESCC treatment.

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