total arch replacement
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2022 ◽  
pp. 021849232110701
Jian Li ◽  
Yueyun Zhou ◽  
Wei Qin ◽  
Cunhua Su ◽  
Fuhua Huang ◽  

Background Total arch replacement with modified elephant trunk technique plays an important role in treating acute type A aortic dissection in China. We aim to summarize the therapeutic effects of this procedure in our center over a 17-year period. Methods Consecutive patients treated at our hospital due to type A aortic dissection from January 2004 to January 2021 were studied. Relevant data of these patients undergoing total arch replacement with modified elephant trunk technique were collected and analyzed. Results A total of 589 patients were included with a mean age of 53.1 ± 12.2 years. The mean of cardiopulmonary bypass, cross-clamping, and selected cerebral perfusion time were 199.6 ± 41.9, 119.0 ± 27.2, and 25.1 ± 5.0 min, respectively. In-hospital death occurred in 46 patients. Multivariate analysis identified four significant risk factors for in-hospital mortality: preexisting renal hypoperfusion (OR 5.43; 95% CI 1.31 – 22.44; P = 0.020), cerebral malperfusion (OR 11.87; 95% CI 4.13 – 34.12; P < 0.001), visceral malperfusion (OR 4.27; 95% CI 1.01 – 18.14; P = 0.049), and cross-clamp time ≥ 130 min (OR 3.26; 95% CI 1.72 – 6.19; P < 0.001). The 5, 10, and 15 years survival rates were 86.4%, 82.6%, and 70.2%, respectively. Conclusions Total arch replacement with modified elephant trunk technique is an effective treatment for acute type A aortic dissection with satisfactory perioperative results. Patients with preexisting renal hypoperfusion, cerebral malperfusion, visceral malperfusion, and long cross-clamp time are at a higher risk of in-hospital death.

2021 ◽  
Kamran Yunus Inamdar ◽  
Hua shan Xu ◽  
Wen Bing ◽  
Zhao Guochang ◽  
Chhatrapratap Singh ◽  

Abstract Objective: To compare the outcome between trifurcated graft vs island technique for the treatment of type A aortic dissection in a single centre.Method: From september 2017 to september 2020, we studied 87 patients retrospectively, who underwent total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection. Out of which 51 patients, age(47.45 ± 10.47) years, 39(76.47%) males and 12(23.52%) females were surgically corrected by trifurcated branch graft technique and 36 patients age(52.75 ± 10.32) years, 27(75%) males and 9(25%) females with island technique. In both the groups, peri- operative outcomes were compared. Patients were followed up for 3 months and 6 months in both the groups.Result: Elective Surgery was done in 16(31.37%) and 6(16.66%) in trifurcated branch graft and island group respectively. Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP) was given by the Axillary artery in {48(94.11%) in trifurcated group and 3(8.33%) in island group, p=<.00001}.SACP was given by Innominate artery {5(9.83%) in trifurcated group and 33(91.66%) in island group, p=<.00001}. Trifurcated branch group and Island group had Cardiopulmonary Bypass time, cross clamp time, total circulatory arrest time of (245 ± 33.30),(117.62 ± 29.38),(54.33 ± 13.19) min and (195.88 ± 32.83),(70.11 ± 20.62),(33.52 ± 8.683)(p=<.00001); respectively. 30 day mortality was 5(9.83%) in trifurcated group and 3(8.33%) in island group (p=0.815).Conclusion: Trifurcated branched graft and island technique, have comparable results, only prerequisite being surgeons comfortability and experience. Trifurcated branch graft being associated with longer CPB, cross clamp and circulatory arrest time, but with no difference in overall adverse outcomes or mortality.

Kohei Hachiro ◽  
Takeshi Kinoshita ◽  
Tomoaki Suzuki ◽  
Tohru Asai

Abstract OBJECTIVES We investigated the effect of a preoperative age ≥80 years on postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent isolated elective total arch replacement using mild hypothermic lower body circulatory arrest with bilateral antegrade selective cerebral perfusion. METHODS A total of 140 patients who had undergone isolated elective total arch replacement between January 2007 and December 2020 were enrolled in the present study. We compared postoperative outcomes between 30 octogenarian patients (≥80 years old; Octogenarian group) and 110 non-octogenarian patients (≤79 years old; Non-Octogenarian group). RESULTS Overall 30-day mortality and hospital mortality were 0% in both groups, and there was no significant difference in overall survival between the 2 groups (log-rank test, P = 0.108). Univariable Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that age as continuous variable was only the predictor of mid-term all-cause death (hazard ratio 1.08, 95% confidence interval 1.01–1.16; P = 0.037), but not in the Octogenarians subgroup (P = 0.119). CONCLUSIONS Preoperative age ≥80 years is not associated with worse outcomes postoperatively after isolated elective total arch replacement with mild hypothermic lower body circulatory arrest and bilateral antegrade selective cerebral perfusion.

Jacky Y K Ho ◽  
Kevin Lim ◽  
Takuya Fujikawa ◽  
Randolph H L Wong

Abstract Excessive oozing after total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique through the fabric of the E-vita Open NEO raised concern about its early adaptation. The mechanism is speculated to be multifactorial. Our goal was to report our approach using pre-emptive BioGlue priming on the fabric against the oozing phenomenon.

Safieh Boroumand ◽  
Seyed Hossein Ahmadi-Tafti ◽  
Saeed Davoodi ◽  
Seyed Khalil Forouzannia

Open total arch replacement is allied to high rates of mortality and morbidity; surgeons, therefore, tend to choose hybrid aortic arch repair as a less invasive operative procedure for the treatment of aortic arch aneurysms, especially in high-risk patients. However, studies on the early and late outcomes of patients undergoing hybrid aortic arch repair have revealed high rates of reintervention and reoperation compared with open total arch replacement. Here, we describe a male patient with late retrograde aortic dissection after hybrid thoracic endovascular aortic repair for aortic arch aneurysms. The patient returned 3 years after the procedure with signs of dyspnea on exertion and chest pain. Transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography showed dissection of the ascending aorta, for which he underwent a redo Bentall procedure. The patient was weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass without any problem and discharged after 7 days.

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