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2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Yvonne Tsitsiou ◽  
Jadesola Ekpe ◽  
Laura Harris ◽  
Elika Kashef ◽  
Mohamad Hamady

Abstract Introduction During subintimal angioplasty (SIA), it is not always possible to re-enter the vessel lumen due to a variety of factors. Recanalization using hydrophilic wires and catheters alone, apart from its potential technical failure, is also limited by minimal control over the re-entry point. This is frequently well beyond the point of occlusion, thus often compromising important collaterals. In order to bypass the obstruction and attain controlled re-entry into the lumen of the diseased vessel, a re-entry device (RED) may be required. This paper assesses our centre’s experience with the safety and efficacy of the Pioneer re-entry system and systematically reviews the pertinent literature. Method A single centre retrospective study of subintimal angioplasty involving the use of the Pioneer Plus intravascular guided reentry catheter was performed. Patient demographics including age, gender, risk factors, comorbidities clinical indication and complications were recorded. Lesion characteristics, including location and severity of calcification were also assessed. A systematic literature review of all reported studies where the Pioneer RED was used for iliac and lower limb revascularization was conducted by 2 of the authors using the PubMed (MEDLINE) and EMBASE databases. Results The study comprised 30 cases. Technical success was 97%. A small, quickly resolved extravasation was the only device related complication. These results are in line with the systematic review which identified 16 studies using the Pioneer RED, reporting a technical success rate of 87.4–100% (median = 100%) and complication rate of 0–25.8% (median = 0%). However, due to heterogeneity in definitions of technical success, data was not pooled.

2021 ◽  
pp. 175319342110619
Clément Thirache ◽  
Mathilde Gaume ◽  
Cyril Gitiaux ◽  
Arielle Salon ◽  
Caroline Dana ◽  

This single-centre retrospective study reports our management of carpal tunnel syndrome in 52 children (103 hands) with mucopolysaccharidoses and mucolipidoses. All except one were bilateral. The median age at surgery was 4 years (range 1.5 to 12). The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome was confirmed by an electromyogram (EMG) in all patients; 38% of these presented without any clinical signs. Surgical neurolysis was performed in all hands, combined with epineurotomy in 52 hands (50%) and flexor tenosynovectomy in 75 hands (73%). Surgery was bilateral in 98% of children (102 hands). The mean follow-up was 12 years (range 1 to 19) and the EMG was normalized in 78% of hands. Ten patients suffered recurrence, eight of whom required further surgery. Screening for carpal tunnel syndrome is essential for the management of children mucopolysaccharidoses and mucolipidoses. Surgical treatment should be carried out early with follow-up by EMG to detect recurrence. Level of evidence: IV

2021 ◽  
pp. 175319342110636
Gwenaël Mevel ◽  
Aymeric De Geyer ◽  
Warren Kim ◽  
Maud Ebalard ◽  
Mickaël Ropars ◽  

We investigated the reliability of the 4Fusion® quadripodal memory staple in a consecutive series of 59 four-corner arthrodeses in a single centre. Forty-one patients (46 wrists) had a radiological and clinical assessment at a mean follow-up of 7.4 years. Thirteen patients (13 wrists) were lost to follow-up. Bone union was achieved in all but one patient. Seven patients were reoperated, six for device removal and one for nonunion. Most patients were satisfied, had a functional range of wrist mobility, good strength and were free of pain, comparable with the best previously reported series. Level of evidence: IV

Mark A Matza ◽  
Cory A Perugino ◽  
Liam Harvey ◽  
Ana D Fernandes ◽  
Zachary S Wallace ◽  

Lorenzo Cantarelli ◽  
Fernando Gutiérrez Nicolás ◽  
Gloria Julia Nazco Casariego ◽  
Sara García Gil

Objectives. To determine the rate of microbiological confirmation in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients treated with intravenous pentamidine and the potential correlation with treatment effectiveness and safety. Material and methods. Single-centre retrospective study (2010-2020), which included those patients who received intravenous pentamidine treatment for at least 48 hours. The sample collection procedure and the microbiological analysis performed were recorded. Efficacy was determined by 14-day mortality rate and admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and disease control was determined by length of hospital stay and time from completion of treatment to discharge. The safety profile was assessed according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0. Results. A total of 17 patients with P. jirovecii pneumonia were treated with pentamidine (76.5% male (n=13); mean age [standard deviation]: 58.6 [15.5]). Microbiological confirmation of the pathogen was established in 47.1% (n=8) of cases. Targeted use of pentamidine significantly reduced the time from treatment completion to hospital discharge (p=0.019). The safety profile was acceptable, with grade I toxicity occurring in one patient. Conclusions. The study shows that more than 50% of patients receive treatment based on a presumptive diagnosis and without adhering to the established recommendations, with repercussions on the duration of admission and recovery of the patient. Future studies with a larger sample size will be necessary to consolidate the results obtained.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (12) ◽  
pp. 1017-1026
Salman Sadiq ◽  
Caroline Lipski ◽  
Umar-Khetaab Hanif ◽  
Faizan Arshad ◽  
Muhammad Chaudary ◽  

Aims This study assessed the impact of COVID-19 on hip and distal femur fracture patient outcomes across three successive UK lockdown periods over one year. Methods A single-centre retrospective cohort study was performed at an acute NHS Trust. Hip and distal femur fracture patients admitted within the first month from each of the three starting dates of each national lockdown were included and compared to a control group in March 2019. Data were collected as per the best practice tariff outcomes including additional outcomes as required. Data collection included COVID-19 status, time to theatre, 30-day mortality, presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and pneumonia, and do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DNACPR) status. Data were analyzed using an independent-samples t-test or chi-squared test with Fisher’s exact test where applicable. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results A total of 95 patients during the pandemic were included and 20 were COVID-positive. Patients experienced a statistically significant increase in time to theatre in Lockdown 1 compared to 2019 (p = 0.039) with a decrease with successive lockdown periods by Lockdown 3. The 30-day mortality increased from 8.8% in 2019 to 10.0% to 14.8% in all lockdown periods. COVID-positive patient mortality was 30.0% (p = 0.063, odds ratio (OR) = 4.43 vs 2019). The rates of AKI and pneumonia experienced were higher for patients during the pandemic. The highest rates were experienced in COVID-positive patients, with 45.0% of patients with AKI versus 27.0% in 2019 (p = 0.38, OR = 1.80), and 50.0% of patients diagnosed with pneumonia versus 16.2% in 2019 (p = 0.0012, OR = 5.17). The percentage of patients with a DNACPR increased from 30.0% in 2019 to 60.7% by Lockdown 3 (p = 0.034, OR = 3.61). Conclusion COVID-positive hip and distal femur fracture patients are at a higher risk of mortality due to AKI and pneumonia. Patient outcomes have improved with successive lockdowns to pre-pandemic levels. Cite this article: Bone Jt Open 2021;2(12):1017–1026.

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