Purpose: Cervical cancer that is invisible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may suggest lower tumor burden than physical examination. Recently, 3 tesla (3T) MRI has been widely used prior to surgery because of its higher resolution than 1.5T MRI. The aim was to retrospectively evaluate the utility of 3T MRI in women with early cervical cancer in determining the necessity of less invasive surgery. Materials and methods: Between January 2010 and December 2015, a total of 342 women with FIGO stage IB1 cervical cancer underwent 3T MRI prior to radical hysterectomy, vaginectomy, and lymph node dissection. These patients were classified into cancer-invisible (n = 105) and cancer-visible (n = 237) groups based on the 3T MRI findings. These groups were compared regarding pathologic parameters and long-term survival rates. Results: The cancer sizes of the cancer-invisible versus cancer-visible groups were 11.5 ± 12.2 mm versus 30.1 ± 16.2 mm, respectively (p < 0.001). The depths of stromal invasion in these groups were 20.5 ± 23.6% versus 63.5 ± 31.2%, respectively (p < 0.001). Parametrial invasion was 0% (0/105) in the cancer-invisible group and 21.5% (51/237) in the cancer-visible group (odds ratio = 58.3, p < 0.001). Lymph node metastasis and lymphovascular space invasion were 5.9% (6/105) versus 26.6% (63/237) (5.8, p < 0.001) and 11.7% (12/105) versus 40.1% (95/237) (5.1, p < 0.001), respectively. Recurrence-free and overall 5-year survival rates were 99.0% (104/105) versus 76.8% (182/237) (p < 0.001) and 98.1% (103/105) versus 87.8% (208/237) (p = 0.003), respectively. Conclusions: 3T MRI can play a great role in determining the necessity of parametrectomy in women with IB1 cervical cancer. Therefore, invisible cervical cancer on 3T MRI will be a good indicator for less invasive surgery.
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma is a rare and aggressive tumor representing less than 1% of head and neck cancers. This malignancy often arises from the minor salivary glands, being the palate its most common location. Surgical en-bloc resection with clear margins is the primary treatment. However, this location presents a limited line of sight and a high risk of injuries, making the surgical procedure challenging. In this context, technologies such as intraoperative navigation can become an effective tool, reducing morbidity and improving the safety and accuracy of the procedure. Although their use is extended in fields such as neurosurgery, their application in maxillofacial surgery has not been widely evidenced. One reason is the need to rigidly fixate a navigation reference to the patient, which often entails an invasive setup. In this work, we studied three alternative and less invasive setups using optical tracking, 3D printing and augmented reality. We evaluated their precision in a patient-specific phantom, obtaining errors below 1 mm. The optimum setup was finally applied in a clinical case, where the navigation software was used to guide the tumor resection. Points were collected along the surgical margins after resection and compared with the real ones identified in the postoperative CT. Distances of less than 2 mm were obtained in 90% of the samples. Moreover, the navigation provided confidence to the surgeons, who could then undertake a less invasive and more conservative approach. The postoperative CT scans showed adequate resection margins and confirmed that the patient is free of disease after two years of follow-up.
The minipterional approach is less invasive than pterional craniotomy and uses the gravity as an ally. Patient’s head position is a key, due to deflection and rotation of aneurysms. This is a brief note aiming to describe the approach step-by-step.
BackgroundDeveloping an understanding of the antibody response, seroprevalence, and seroconversion from natural infection and vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 will give way to a critical epidemiological tool to predict reinfection rates, identify vulnerable communities, and manage future viral outbreaks. To monitor the antibody response on a larger scale, we need an inexpensive, less invasive, and high throughput method.MethodsHere we investigate the use of oral mucosal fluids from individuals recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection to monitor antibody response and persistence over a 12-month period. For this cohort study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to quantify anti-Spike(S) protein IgG antibodies in participants who had prior SARS-CoV-2 infection and regularly (every 2-4 weeks) provided both serum and oral fluid mucosal fluid samples for longitudinal antibody titer analysis.ResultsIn our study cohort (n=42) with 17 males and 25 females with an average age of 45.6 +/- 19.3 years, we observed no significant change in oral mucosal fluid IgG levels across the time course of antibody monitoring. In oral mucosal fluids, all the participants who initially had detectable antibodies continued to have detectable antibodies throughout the study.ConclusionsBased on the results presented here, we have shown that oral mucosal fluid-based assays are an effective, less invasive tool for monitoring seroprevalence and seroconversion, which offers an alternative to serum-based assays for understanding the protective ability conferred by the adaptive immune response from viral infection and vaccination against future reinfections.
AbstractMedian sternotomy incision has shown to be a safe and efficacious approach in patients who require thoracic aortic interventions and still represents the gold-standard access. Nevertheless, over the last decade, less invasive techniques have gained wider clinical application in cardiac surgery becoming the first-choice approach to treat heart valve diseases, in experienced centers. The popularization of less invasive techniques coupled with an increased patient demand for less invasive therapies has motivated aortic surgeons to apply minimally invasive approaches to more challenging procedures, such as aortic root replacement and arch repair. However, technical demands and the paucity of available clinical data have still limited the widespread adoption of minimally invasive thoracic aortic interventions. This review aimed to assess and comment on the surgical techniques and the current evidence on mini thoracic aortic surgery.
Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) has been introduced at our tertiary Level IV perinatal center since 2016 with an unsatisfactory success rate, which we attributed to an inconsistent, non-standardized approach and ambiguous patient inclusion criteria. This study aimed to improve the LISA success rate to at least 75% within 12 months by implementing a highly standardized LISA approach combined with team training. The Plan Do Study Act method of quality improvement was used for this initiative. Baseline assessment included a review of patient medical records 12 months before the intervention regarding patient characteristics, method success rate, respiratory, and adverse outcomes. A multi-professional team developed a standardized LISA approach and a training program including an educational film, checklists, pocket cards, and team briefings. Twenty-one preterm infants received LISA before and 24 after the intervention. The mean LISA success rate improved from 62% before the intervention to 92% (p = 0.029) after the intervention. Implementing a highly standardized LISA approach and multi-professional team training significantly improved the methods’ success rate.
The conservation and management of wildlife requires the accurate assessment of wildlife population sizes. However, there is a lack of synthesis of research that compares methods used to estimate population size in the wild. Using a meta-analysis approach, we compared the number of detected individuals in a study made using live trapping and less invasive approaches, such as camera trapping and genetic identification. We scanned 668 papers related to these methods and identified data for 44 populations (all focused on mammals) wherein at least two methods (live trapping, camera trapping, genetic identification) were used. We used these data to quantify the difference in number of individuals detected using trapping and less invasive methods using a regression and used the residuals from each regression to evaluate potential drivers of these trends. We found that both trapping and less invasive methods (camera traps and genetic analyses) produced similar estimates overall, but less invasive methods tended to detect more individuals compared to trapping efforts (mean = 3.17 more individuals). We also found that the method by which camera data are analyzed can significantly alter estimates of population size, such that the inclusion of spatial information was related to larger population size estimates. Finally, we compared counts of individuals made using camera traps and genetic data and found that estimates were similar but that genetic approaches identified more individuals on average (mean = 9.07 individuals). Overall, our data suggest that all of the methods used in the studies we reviewed detected similar numbers of individuals. As live trapping can be more costly than less invasive methods and can pose more risk to animal well-fare, we suggest minimally invasive methods are preferable for population monitoring when less-invasive methods can be deployed efficiently.