acute aortic dissection
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Xiaogao Pan ◽  
Yang Zhou ◽  
Guifang Yang ◽  
Zhibiao He ◽  
Hongliang Zhang ◽  

Background: Misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) significantly increase mortality. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a biomarker related to coagulation cascade and cardiovascular-injury. The extent of LPA elevation in AAD and whether it can discriminate sudden-onset of acute chest pain are currently unclear.Methods: We measured the plasma concentration of LPA in a cohort of 174 patients with suspected AAD chest pain and 30 healthy participants. Measures to discriminate AAD from other acute-onset thoracalgia were compared and calculated.Results: LPA was significantly higher in AAD than in the AMI, PE, and the healthy (344.69 ± 59.99 vs. 286.79 ± 43.01 vs. 286.61 ± 43.32 vs. 96.08 ± 11.93, P < 0.01) within 48 h of symptom onset. LPA level peaked at 12 h after symptom onset, then gradually decreased from 12 to 48 h in AAD. LPA had an AUC of 0.85 (0.80–0.90), diagnosis threshold of 298.98 mg/dl, a sensitivity of 0.81, specificity of 0.77, and the negative predictive value of 0.85. The ROC curve of LPA is better than D-dimer (P = 0.041, Delong test). The decision curve showed that LPA had excellent standardized net benefits.Conclusion: LPA showed superior overall diagnostic performance to D-dimer in early AAD diagnosis may be a potential biomarker, but additional studies are needed to determine the rapid and cost-effective diagnostic tests in the emergency department.

Giorgia Cibin ◽  
Augusto D’Onofrio ◽  
Michele Antonello ◽  
Piero Battocchio ◽  
Gino Gerosa

A patient with a history of surgery for type A acute aortic dissection was readmitted for aortic arch and descending aortic dissection with rupture at the isthmus and periaortic hematoma. Due to the high surgical risk, the aortic team chose an endovascular approach, and the patient successfully underwent emergency total arch exclusion with an off-the-shelf, bimodular, single-branch device. The main module was deployed in the aortic arch and in the brachiocephalic trunk, and the second module was deployed in the ascending aorta. Despite the good perioperative outcome with no cerebrovascular events, the patient died 20 days later because of sudden iliac rupture.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Dashuai Wang ◽  
Sheng Le ◽  
Jingjing Luo ◽  
Xing Chen ◽  
Rui Li ◽  

Background: Postoperative headache (POH) is common in clinical practice, however, no studies about POH after Stanford type A acute aortic dissection surgery (AADS) exist. This study aims to describe the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of POH after AADS, and to construct two prediction models.Methods: Adults who underwent AADS from 2016 to 2020 in four tertiary hospitals were enrolled. Training and validation sets were randomly assigned according to a 7:3 ratio. Risk factors were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Nomograms were constructed and validated on the basis of independent predictors.Results: POH developed in 380 of the 1,476 included patients (25.7%). Poorer outcomes were observed in patients with POH. Eight independent predictors for POH after AADS were identified when both preoperative and intraoperative variables were analyzed, including younger age, female sex, smoking history, chronic headache history, cerebrovascular disease, use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, more blood transfusion, and longer cardiopulmonary bypass time. White blood cell and platelet count were also identified as significant predictors when intraoperative variables were excluded from the multivariate analysis. A full nomogram and a preoperative nomogram were constructed based on these independent predictors, both demonstrating good discrimination, calibration, clinical usefulness, and were well validated. Risk stratification was performed and three risk intervals were defined based on the full nomogram and clinical practice.Conclusions: POH was common after AADS, portending poorer outcomes. Two nomograms predicting POH were developed and validated, which may have clinical utility in risk evaluation, early prevention, and doctor-patient communication.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Bi Huang ◽  
Li Tian ◽  
Zhaoran Chen ◽  
Liang Zhang ◽  
Wenjun Su ◽  

Biomarker-assisted diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) is important for initiation of treatment and improved survival. However, identification of biomarkers for AAD in blood is a challenging task. The present study aims to find the potential AAD biomarkers using a transcriptomic strategy. Arrays based genome-wide gene expression profiling were performed using ascending aortic tissues which were collected from AAD patients and healthy donors. The differentially expressed genes were validated using quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The plasma levels of a potential biomarker, angiopoietin 2 (ANGPT2) were determined in case-control cohort (77 AAD patients and 82 healthy controls) by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic power of ANGPT2 for AAD. Transcriptome data demonstrated that a total of 18 genes were significantly up-regulated and 28 genes were significantly down-regulated among AAD tissues (foldchange>3.0, p < 0.01). By bioinformatic analysis, we identified ANGPT2 as a candidate biomarker for blood-based detection of AAD. The qRT-PCR and protein expression demonstrated that ANGPT2 increased 2.4- and 4.2 folds, respectively in aortic tissue of AAD patients. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that ANGPT2 was markedly increased in intima of the aortic wall in AAD. Furthermore, ANGPT2 was significantly elevated in AAD patients as compared with controls (median 1625 vs. 383 pg/ml, p < 1E-6). ROC curve analysis showed that ANGPT2 was highly predictive of a diagnosis of type A AAD (area under curve 0.93, p < 1E-6). Sensitivity and specificity were 81 and 90%, respectively at the cutoff value of 833 pg/ml. In conclusion, ANGPT2 could be a promising biomarker for diagnosis of AAD; however, more studies are still needed to verify its specificity in diagnosing of AAD.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (12) ◽  
pp. e0261168
Pengfei Huang ◽  
Hongyan Wang ◽  
Dong Ma ◽  
Yongbo Zhao ◽  
Xiao Liu ◽  

Background Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is very fatal without surgical treatment. Higher serum sodium can increase in-hospital mortality of many diseases; however, the effect of serum sodium on postoperative in-hospital mortality in AAD patients remains unknown. Methods We collected a total of 415 AAD patients from January 2015 to December 2019. Patients were classified into four categories (Q1-Q4) according to the admission serum sodium quartile. The cox proportional hazards model evaluated the association between serum sodium and in-hospital mortality. All-cause in-hospital mortality was set as the endpoint. Results By adjusting many covariates, cox proportional hazards model revealed the in-hospital mortality risk of both Q3 and Q4 groups was 3.086 (1.242–7.671, P = 0.015) and 3.370 (1.384–8.204, P = 0.007) respectively, whereas the risk of Q2 group was not significantly increased. Univariate and multiple Cox analysis revealed that Stanford type A, serum glucose, α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase and serum sodium were risk factors correlated with in-hospital death in AAD patients. Conclusion The study indicates that the admission serum sodium of AAD patients has a vital impact on postoperative hospital mortality.

Hironobu Nishiori ◽  
Yuichi Hirano ◽  
Masayoshi Otsu ◽  
Hiroyuki Watanabe

A 59-year-old man with a long smoking history presented with sudden back pain. Frank’s sign was noticed in his bilateral ears, and computed tomography revealed Stanford type A acute aortic dissection. If young patients have Frank’s sign, attention should be paid to atherosclerotic disease including aortic disease.

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