transformation language
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Stefan Höppner ◽  
Timo Kehrer ◽  
Matthias Tichy

AbstractModel transformations are among the key concepts of model-driven engineering (MDE), and dedicated model transformation languages (MTLs) emerged with the popularity of the MDE pssaradigm about 15 to 20 years ago. MTLs claim to increase the ease of development of model transformations by abstracting from recurring transformation aspects and hiding complex semantics behind a simple and intuitive syntax. Nonetheless, MTLs are rarely adopted in practice, there is still no empirical evidence for the claim of easier development, and the argument of abstraction deserves a fresh look in the light of modern general purpose languages (GPLs) which have undergone a significant evolution in the last two decades. In this paper, we report about a study in which we compare the complexity and size of model transformations written in three different languages, namely (i) the Atlas Transformation Language (ATL), (ii) Java SE5 (2004–2009), and (iii) Java SE14 (2020); the Java transformations are derived from an ATL specification using a translation schema we developed for our study. In a nutshell, we found that some of the new features in Java SE14 compared to Java SE5 help to significantly reduce the complexity of transformations written in Java by as much as 45%. At the same time, however, the relative amount of complexity that stems from aspects that ATL can hide from the developer, which is about 40% of the total complexity, stays about the same. Furthermore we discovered that while transformation code in Java SE14 requires up to 25% less lines of code, the number of words written in both versions stays about the same. And while the written number of words stays about the same their distribution throughout the code changes significantly. Based on these results, we discuss the concrete advancements in newer Java versions. We also discuss to which extent new language advancements justify writing transformations in a general purpose language rather than a dedicated transformation language. We further indicate potential avenues for future research on the comparison of MTLs and GPLs in a model transformation context.

2021 ◽  
Vol 47 ◽  
Justas Trinkūnas ◽  
Olegas Vasilecas

The paper analyses graph oriented ontology transformation into conceptual data model. A number of methodswere proposed to develop conceptual datamodels, but only fewdealswith knowledge reuse. In this paperwe present an approach for knowledge represented by ontology automatic transformation into conceptual data model. The graph transformation language is presented and adapted for formal transformation of ontology into conceptualmodel. Details and examples of proposed ontology transformation into conceptual data model are presented.

2020 ◽  
Vol 44 (4) ◽  
George Alter ◽  
Darrell Donakowski ◽  
Jack Gager ◽  
Pascal Heus ◽  
Carson Hunter ◽  

Structured Data Transformation Language (SDTL) provides structured, machine actionable representations of data transformation commands found in statistical analysis software.   The Continuous Capture of Metadata for Statistical Data Project (C2Metadata) created SDTL as part of an automated system that captures provenance metadata from data transformation scripts and adds variable derivations to standard metadata files.  SDTL also has potential for auditing scripts and for translating scripts between languages.  SDTL is expressed in a set of JSON schemas, which are machine actionable and easily serialized to other formats.  Statistical software languages have a number of special features that have been carried into SDTL.  We explain how SDTL handles differences among statistical languages and complex operations, such as merging files and reshaping data tables from “wide” to “long”. 

K. Lano ◽  
S. Kolahdouz-Rahimi

Abstract The QVT-Relations (QVT-R) model transformation language is an OMG standard notation for model transformation specification. It is highly declarative and supports (in principle) bidirectional (bx) transformation specification. However, there are many unclear or unsatisfactory aspects to its semantics, which is not precisely defined in the standard. UML-RSDS is an executable subset of UML and OCL. It has a precise mathematical semantics and criteria for ensuring correctness of applications (including model transformations) by construction. There is extensive tool support for verification and for production of 3GL code in multiple languages (Java, C#, C++, C, Swift and Python). In this paper, we define a translation from QVT-R into UML-RSDS, which provides a logically oriented semantics for QVT-R, aligned with the RelToCore mapping semantics in the QVT standard. The translation includes variation points to enable specialised semantics to be selected in particular transformation cases. The translation provides a basis for verification and static analysis of QVT-R specifications and also enables the production of efficient code implementations of QVT-R specifications. We evaluate the approach by applying it to solve benchmark examples of bx.

Abdelali Elmounadi ◽  
Naoual Berbiche ◽  
Nacer Sefiani ◽  
Nawfal El Moukhi

In this paper, we present a hybrid-based model transformation, according to the Architecture Driven Modernization (ADM) approach, intended for getting UML (Unified Modeling Language) models from the PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) code. This latter has been done by offering a tool support for automated generation of UML platform independent models from PHP ASTM (Abstract Syntax Tree Metamodel) representations, which are specific platform models. The model transformation rules are expressed in ATL (Atlas Transformation Language), which is a widely used model transformation language based on the hybrid approach. This work aims to fill the gap between the web-based applications maintenance, especially PHP-based implementations, and the model transformation processes in the ADM context.

2018 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 43-57
Nesrine Lahiani ◽  
Djamal Bennouar

Abstract Product Derivation represents one of the main challenges that Software Product Line (SPL) faces. Deriving individual products from shared software assets is a time-consuming and an expensive activity. In this paper, we (1) present an MDE approach for engineering SPL and (2) propose to leverage model-to-model transformations (MMT) and model-to-text (MTT) transformations for supporting both domain engineering and application engineering processes. In this work, we use ATL as a model-to-model transformation language and Acceleo as a model-to-text transformation language.The proposed approach is discussed with e-Health product line applications.

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