rib fractures
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Fabrizio Minervini ◽  
Jesse Peek ◽  
Nicole M. van Veelen ◽  
Peter B. Kestenholz ◽  
Valerie Kremo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Jennifer C. Love ◽  
Dana Austin ◽  
Kristinza W. Giese ◽  
Susan J. Roe

Trauma ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 146040862110453
Kudzayi H Kutywayo ◽  
Joyce Thekkudan ◽  
Nathan Tyson ◽  
Mohammed F Chowdhry

Introduction First rib fractures are commonly reported in high velocity trauma. The neuromuscular sequelae that can ensue, not the physical disruption of the rib, necessitate thorough evaluation for such injuries. Methods We describe a case of a patient who sustained bilateral rib fractures following low-energy trauma.

2022 ◽  
pp. 000313482110604
Dudley B. Christie ◽  
Timothy E. Nowack ◽  
Cory J. Nonnemacher ◽  
Anne Montgomery ◽  
Dennis W. Ashley

Introduction Rib fractures in the ≥65-year-old population have been shown to strongly influence mortality and pneumonia rates. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating improvements in the geriatric patient’s survival statistics and respiratory performances after surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF). We have observed a strong survival and complication avoidance trend in geriatric patients who undergo SSRF. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the outcomes of geriatric patients with rib fractures treated with SSRF compared to those who only receive conservative therapies. Methods We performed a retrospective review of our trauma registry analyzing outcomes of patients ≥65 years with rib fractures. Patients admitted from 2015 to 2019 receiving SSRF (RP group) were compared to a nonoperative controls (NO group) admitted during the same time. Bilateral fractures were excluded. Independent variables analyzed = ISS, mortalities, hospital days, ICU days, pleural space complications, and readmissions. Follow-up was 60 days after discharge. Group comparison was performed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Shapiro-Wilk, and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results 257 patients were analyzed: 172 in the NO group with mean age of 75 (65-10) and 85 in the RP group with mean age of 74 (65-96). Mean ISS = 13 (1-38) for the NO group and 20 (9-59) for the RP group ( P < .001). Mean hospital days = 8 (1-39) and 15 (3-49) in NO and RP groups, respectively. Mean ICU days = 10 (1-32) and 8 (1-11) in NO and RP groups, respectively. Deaths, pneumonia, readmissions, and pleural effusions in the NO group were statistically significant ( P < .01). Analysis of complications revealed 4 RP patients (4.7%) with respiratory complications out to 60 days and 65 NO patients (37.8%) ( P < .001). Conclusions Surgical stabilization of rib fractures appears to be associated with a survival advantage and an avoidance of respiratory-related complications in the ≥65-year-old patient population.

2022 ◽  
pp. 000313482110586
Paige Farley ◽  
Colin T. Buckley ◽  
Parker R Mullen ◽  
Catherine N. Taylor ◽  
Alissa Doll ◽  

Respiratory failure secondary to rib fractures is a major source of morbidity and mortality in trauma patients, particularly in older populations. Management of pain in these patients is complex due to the nature of the injuries. We present 3 patients who underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic cryoablation of intercostal nerves for pain control after chest trauma. None of the patients developed post-operative complications related to poor respiratory status such as pneumonia or atelectasis. At one-month clinic follow-up, all patients reported no chest pain and were not using opiate analgesics. In patients for whom there is a contraindication to rib fixation in the setting of unstable rib fractures, cryoablation may be a method by which to improve respiratory status and decrease ventilator dependency due to pain. Cryoablation of intercostal nerves may provide a more durable and clinically feasible solution to aid in the healing process of these patients.

2021 ◽  
pp. 000313482110651
Timothy Nowack ◽  
Dudley Christie ◽  
Cory Nonnemacher ◽  
John Buchanan

Surgical stabilization of rib fractures in an effective technique for the management of bony thoracic trauma. However, rib fractures location or morphology may make the placement of the recommended 6 screws impossible. A retrospective analysis of patients receiving SSRF at our facility from 2009–2019 identified cases where less than the recommended screw placement was used. Respiratory complications and hardware integrity were analyzed using follow-up imaging and examinations when available. A total of 62 patients were identified that used less than the recommended number of screws. The majority of these were in the lateral and posterior chest wall positions. 1 pleural effusion, no pneumothoraces, deaths, or hardware dislodgments were identified. While the authors do not advocate for the routine deviation from manufacture recommendations, we concluded that in select circumstances, adequate fixation can be achieved with less than 6 screws across a plated fracture.

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (1) ◽  
pp. 775-775
Mitchell Daley ◽  
Emmy Gibbons ◽  
Emily Hodge ◽  
Molly Curran ◽  
Alan Hao ◽  

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