thoracic trauma
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 204-211
Eray Çınar ◽  
Kubilay İnan ◽  
Özgür Ömer Yıldız

2022 ◽  
pp. 488-500
Alf Kozian ◽  
Moritz A. Kretzschmar

2021 ◽  
pp. 000313482110651
Timothy Nowack ◽  
Dudley Christie ◽  
Cory Nonnemacher ◽  
John Buchanan

Surgical stabilization of rib fractures in an effective technique for the management of bony thoracic trauma. However, rib fractures location or morphology may make the placement of the recommended 6 screws impossible. A retrospective analysis of patients receiving SSRF at our facility from 2009–2019 identified cases where less than the recommended screw placement was used. Respiratory complications and hardware integrity were analyzed using follow-up imaging and examinations when available. A total of 62 patients were identified that used less than the recommended number of screws. The majority of these were in the lateral and posterior chest wall positions. 1 pleural effusion, no pneumothoraces, deaths, or hardware dislodgments were identified. While the authors do not advocate for the routine deviation from manufacture recommendations, we concluded that in select circumstances, adequate fixation can be achieved with less than 6 screws across a plated fracture.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (24) ◽  
pp. 5806
Jonathan Bates-Powell ◽  
David Basterfield ◽  
Karl Jackson ◽  
Avinash Aujayeb

Introduction: Falls cause 75% of trauma in patients above 65 years of age, and thoracic trauma is the second commonest injury; rib fractures are the most common thoracic injury. These patients have up to 12% mortality, with 31% developing pneumonias. There is wide variation in care. Northumbria Healthcare has a team of respiratory consultants, physiotherapists, specialist nurses and anesthetists for thoracic-trauma management on a respiratory support unit. Methods: With Caldicott approval, basic demographics and clinical outcomes of patients admitted with thoracic trauma between 20 August 20–21 Aprilwere analyzed. A descriptive statistical methodology was applied. Results: A total of 119 patients were identified with a mean age of 71.1 years (range 23–97). Of the 119 patients, 53 were male, 66 females. The main mechanism of injury was falls from standing (65) and falls down stairs/bed or in the bath (18). Length of stay was 7.3 days (range 1–54). In total, 85 patients had more than one co-morbidity, 26 had a full trauma assessment and 75 had pan CTs. The mean number of rib fractures was 3.6 and 31 (26%) patients had a pneumothorax and/or haemothorax. A total of 18 chest drains were inserted (all small bore) and one needle aspiration was performed. No cardiothoracic input was required. Isolated chest trauma was present only in 45 patients. All patients had a pain team review, 22 erector spinae catheters were inserted with 2 paravertebral blocks. Overall, 82 patients did not require oxygen, 1 required CPAP and 1 HFNC. 7 needed intensive care transfer. Furthermore, 20 (17%) developed pneumonias and 16 (14%) deaths occurred within 30 days—all were in those with falls from standing. There was no correlation between number of fractured ribs, length of stay and mortality. Conclusions: High level care for thoracic trauma can be performed by a physician led team. Overall, 42% pneumothoraces/haemothoraces were observed. Further large scale randomised trials are warranted for definitive outcomes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Helge Eberbach ◽  
Rolf Lefering ◽  
Sven Hager ◽  
Klaus Schumm ◽  
Lisa Bode ◽  

AbstractThoracic trauma has decisive influence on the outcome of multiply-injured patients and is often associated with clavicle fractures. The affected patients are prone to lung dysfunction and multiple organ failure. A multi-center, retrospective analysis of patient records documented in the TraumaRegister DGU was performed to assess the influence of surgical stabilization of clavicle fractures in patients with thoracic trauma. A total of 3,209 patients were included in the analysis. In 1362 patients (42%) the clavicle fracture was treated operatively after 7.1 ± 5.3 days. Surgically treated patients had a significant reduction in lung failure (p = 0.013, OR = 0.74), multiple organ failure (p = 0.001, OR = 0.64), intubation time (p = 0.004; −1.81 days) and length of hospital stay (p = 0.014; −1.51 days) compared to non-operative treatment. Moreover, surgical fixation of the clavicle within five days following hospital admission significantly reduced the rates of lung failure (p = 0.01, OR = 0.62), multiple organ failure (p = 0.01, OR = 0.59) and length of hospital stay (p = 0.01; −2.1 days). Based on our results, multiply-injured patients with thoracic trauma and concomitant clavicle fracture may benefit significantly from surgical stabilization of a clavicle fracture, especially when surgery is performed within the first five days after hospital admission.

Tessa C. M. Geraedts ◽  
Jean H. T. Daemen ◽  
Yvonne L. J. Vissers ◽  
Erik R. de Loos

Costochondral separation is a rare phenomenon following blunt thoracic trauma that can also be associated with secondary injuries. We present a case with complete costochondral separation of the right second rib with concomitant mediastinal compression. Definitive treatment was provided through video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical plate osteosynthesis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 184-190
Tanvi Chokshi ◽  
Alexandra Theodosopoulos ◽  
Ethan Wilson ◽  
Michael Ysit ◽  
Sameir Alhadi ◽  

Delayed hemothorax is a potentially life-threatening complication of thoracic trauma that should be carefully considered in all patients presenting with thoracic injury. We report a case of delayed hemothorax in a 77-year-old male presenting eleven days’ status post multiple right mid- to high-rib fractures. His case was complicated by retained hemothorax after CT-guided chest-tube with subsequent video-assisted tube thoracostomy (VATS) revealing fibrothorax necessitating conversion to open thoracotomy. Known risk factors for development of delayed hemothorax include older patient age, three or more rib fractures, and presence of mid- to high-rib fractures, and should be used in risk stratification of thoracic trauma. Tube thoracostomy is often sufficient in management of delayed hemothorax. In rare cases, hemothoraces can be complicated by retained hemothorax or fibrothorax, which require more invasive therapy and carry greater morbidity and mortality.

Life ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1154
Silvia Fattori ◽  
Elisa Reitano ◽  
Osvaldo Chiara ◽  
Stefania Cimbanassi

This study aims to define possible predictors of the need of invasive and non-invasive ventilatory support, in addition to predictors of mortality in patients with severe thoracic trauma. Data from 832 patients admitted to our trauma center were collected from 2010 to 2017 and retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data, type of respiratory assistance, chest injuries, trauma scores and outcome were considered. Univariate analysis was performed, and binary logistic regression was applied to significant data. The injury severity score (ISS) and the revised trauma score (RTS) were both found to be predictive factors for invasive ventilation. Multivariate analysis of the anatomical injuries revealed that the association of high-severity thoracic injuries with trauma in other districts is an indicator of the need for orotracheal intubation. From the analysis of physiological parameters, values of systolic blood pressure, lactate, and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score indicate the need for invasive ventilatory support. Predictive factors for non-invasive ventilation include: RTS, ISS, number of rib fractures and presence of hemothorax. Risk factors for death were: age over 65, the presence of bilateral rib fractures, pulmonary contusion, hemothorax and associated head trauma. In conclusion, the need for invasive ventilatory support in thoracic trauma is associated to the patient’s systemic severity. Non-invasive ventilation is a supportive treatment indicated in physiologically stable patients regardless of the severity of thoracic injury.

2021 ◽  
pp. 253-258
Morgan Crigger ◽  
Natasha Keric

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