lung neuroendocrine tumor
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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaohai Liu ◽  
Renzhi Wang ◽  
Mingchu Li ◽  
Ge Chen

Pituitary metastasis is an unusual situation in clinical practice, while the incidence is increasing with age. Breast cancer for women and lung cancer for men were the most frequent primary origins of pituitary metastasis. Diagnosing asymptomatic patients with unknown primary malignant origin is difficult, thus pituitary metastasis may be diagnosed as primary pituitary adenoma. Here, we report a case of a 65-year-old patient with visual changes and diabetes insipidus, showing an extensive mass in the sellar region which was initially thought to be a primary pituitary adenoma. Patient corticotropic deficits were corrected, and transnasal transsphenoidal surgery was adopted, leading to total tumor resection. Tumor texture during surgical procedure was similar to that of pituitary adenoma. However, the histopathological and immunohistochemistry results suggested it as a pituitary metastasis from lung neuroendocrine tumor. Postoperative chest CT scan confirmed a pulmonary mass consistent with primary neoplasm. Abdominal CT further detected multiple metastases in liver, pancreas, and colon. Despite intensive treatment, the patient continued to show decreased level of consciousness due to cachexia, resulting in death 1 week after surgery. This case highlights the importance of differential diagnosis of invasive lesions of the sellar region, especially in individuals over 60 years of age with diabetes insipidus.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (3) ◽  
pp. S493
N. Alcala ◽  
T. Dayton ◽  
L. Mangiante ◽  
L. Den Hartigh ◽  
S. Levy ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 35 (3) ◽  
pp. 102-106
Luigi Russo ◽  
Bruna Grilli ◽  
Anita Minopoli ◽  
Monica Capozzi ◽  
Salvatore Tafuto ◽  

Background: The diagnosis and monitoring of primitive lung neuroendocrine tumors (lung pNETs) are usually performed by the measurement of serum chromogranin A (CgA) and urinary 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels. However, imaging techniques are necessary due to the poor diagnostic efficiency of the laboratory tests. Methods: A total-body computed tomography and bone scintigraphy scans showed multiple hepatic and bone metastases of a 55-year-old man affected by well-differentiated lung pNETs without severe initial symptoms. After diagnosis, he started therapy and was monitored with serum, urinary markers, and imaging techniques. Results: During follow-up, the urinary 5-HIAA levels did not significantly increase, while serum CgA and urinary para-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (pHPAA) levels (urinary organic acid physiologically present in the urines of healthy subjects) showed significant increases related to worsening clinical condition. Conclusions: The early increase in urinary pHPAA levels—usually not dosed in pNET patient monitoring—could be a promising prognostic marker.

2020 ◽  
Vol 13 (5) ◽  
pp. 1-1
Mie Kotake ◽  
Hisao Imai ◽  
Ryoichi Onozato ◽  
Atsushi Fujita ◽  
Tomomi Fujisawa ◽  

S. Masood ◽  
N. Habib ◽  
R. Alalawi ◽  
N. Sher ◽  
Z. Saeed

2019 ◽  
Vol 8 (S4) ◽  
pp. S439-S442
Yuka Kozuma ◽  
Gouji Toyokawa ◽  
Yuichi Yamada ◽  
Fumihiro Shoji ◽  
Koji Yamazaki ◽  

2018 ◽  
Vol 78 (7) ◽  
pp. 9193-9215 ◽  
Maoyong Cao ◽  
Shuang Wang ◽  
Lu Wei ◽  
Laxmisha Rai ◽  
Dong Li ◽  

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