prognostic marker
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2022 ◽  
Vol 271 ◽  
pp. 154-162
Adeseye Adekeye ◽  
Divyansh Agarwal ◽  
Anupma Nayak ◽  
Julia Tchou

2022 ◽  
Yu Sun ◽  
Jun Zhao

Abstract Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death in the world. The mechanism is not fully elucidated and the therapeutic effect is also unsatisfactory. In our study, we aim to find new target gene in pan-cancer.Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was screened out in various types of cancers from GEO database. The expression of DEG (TCEAL2) in tumor cell lines, normal tissues and tumor tissues was calculated. Then the clinical characteristics, DNA methylation, tumor infiltration and gene enrichment of TCEAL2 was studied. Results: TCEAL2 expressions were down-regulated in most cancers. Its expression and methylation were positively or negatively associated with prognosis in different cancers. The tumor infiltration results revealed that TCEAL2 was significantly related with many immune cells especially NK cells and immune-related genes in majority cancers. Furthermore, tau protein and tubulin binding were involved in the molecular function mechanisms of TCEAL2. Conclusion: TCEAL2 may be a novel prognostic marker in different cancers and may affect tumor through immune infiltration.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 ◽  
Boyu Pan ◽  
Chen Huang ◽  
Yafei Xia ◽  
Cuicui Zhang ◽  
Bole Li ◽  

Background: Nowadays, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common and highly fatal malignancy in worldwide. Therefore, to identify the potential prognostic markers and therapeutic targets is urgent for patients. Objective: This study aims to find hub targets associated with NSCLC using multiple databases. Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from Genome Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohorts were employed for the enrichment analyses of Gene Ontology (GO) terms and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) pathways. Candidate key genes, filtered from the topological parameter 'Degree' and validated using the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort, were analyzed for their association with clinicopathological features and prognosis of NSCLC. Meanwhile, immunohistochemical cohort analyses and biological verification were further evaluated. Results: A total of 146 DEGs were identified following data preprocessing, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) systematic network was constructed based on them. The top ten candidate core genes were further extracted from the above PPI network by using 'Degree' value, among which COL1A1 was shown to associate with overall survival (OS) of NSCLC as determined by using the Kaplan-Meier analysis (p=0.028), and could serve as an independent prognostic factor for OS in NSCLC patients (HR, 0.814; 95% CI, 0.665-0.996; p=0.046). We then analyzed the clinical stages, PPI, mutations, potential biological functions and immune regulations of COL1A1 in NSCLC patients using multiple bioinformatics tools, including GEPIA, GeneMANIA, cBioPortal, GESA and TISIDB. Finally, we further experimentally validated the overexpression of COL1A1 in NSCLC samples, and found that inhibition of COL1A1 expression moderately sensitized NSCLC cells to cisplatin. Conclusion: Thus, our results show that COL1A1 may serve as a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target in NSCLC.

2022 ◽  
Vol 44 (1) ◽  
pp. 350-359
Piotr Łacina ◽  
Aleksandra Butrym ◽  
Diana Frontkiewicz ◽  
Grzegorz Mazur ◽  
Katarzyna Bogunia-Kubik

CD147 (basigin, BSG) is a membrane-bound glycoprotein involved in energy metabolism that plays a role in cancer cell survival. Its soluble form is a promising marker of some diseases, but it is otherwise poorly studied. CD147 is overexpressed in multiple myeloma (MM) and is known to affect MM progression, while its genetic variants are associated with MM survival. In the present study, we aimed to assess serum soluble CD147 (sCD147) expression as a potential marker in MM. We found that sCD147 level was higher in MM patients compared to healthy individuals. It was also higher in patients with more advanced disease (ISS III) compared to both patients with less advanced MM and healthy individuals, while its level was observed to drop after positive response to treatment. Patients with high sCD147 were characterized by worse overall survival. sCD147 level did not directly correlate with bone marrow CD147 mRNA expression. In conclusion, this study suggests that serum sCD147 may be a prognostic marker in MM.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Johnathon P. Harris ◽  
Christina A. Fleming ◽  
Muhammad F. Ullah ◽  
Emma McNamara ◽  
Stephen Murphy ◽  

Sami Benli ◽  
Süleyman Özkan Aksoy ◽  
Ali İbrahim Sevinç ◽  
Merih Güray Durak ◽  
Caner Baysan

Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 278
Lan Yu ◽  
Mervi Toriseva ◽  
Syeda Afshan ◽  
Mario Cangiano ◽  
Vidal Fey ◽  

Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) 1–4 are involved in prostate cancer (PCa) regulation, but the role of FGFR-like 1 (FGFRL1) in PCa is unclear. FGFRL1 expression was studied by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry of patient tissue microarrays (TMAs) and correlated with clinical patient data. The effects of FGFRL1 knockdown (KD) in PC3M were studied in in vitro culture models and in mouse xenograft tumors. Our results showed that FGFRL1 was significantly upregulated in PCa. The level of membranous FGFRL1 was negatively associated with high Gleason scores (GSs) and Ki67, while increased cytoplasmic and nuclear FGFRL1 showed a positive correlation. Cox regression analysis indicated that nuclear FGFRL1 was an independent prognostic marker for biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Functional studies indicated that FGFRL1-KD in PC3M cells increases FGFR signaling, whereas FGFRL1 overexpression attenuates it, supporting decoy receptor actions of membrane-localized FGFRL1. In accordance with clinical data, FGFRL1-KD markedly suppressed PC3M xenograft growth. Transcriptomics of FGFRL1-KD cells and xenografts revealed major changes in genes regulating differentiation, ECM turnover, and tumor–stromal interactions associated with decreased growth in FGFRL1-KD xenografts. Our results suggest that FGFRL1 upregulation and altered cellular compartmentalization contribute to PCa progression. The nuclear FGFRL1 could serve as a prognostic marker for PCa patients.

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