cbd method
Recently Published Documents





Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (21) ◽  
pp. 7114
M. Mohamed Ismail ◽  
Zhong-Yun Hong ◽  
M. Arivanandhan ◽  
Thomas Chung-Kuang Yang ◽  
Guan-Ting Pan ◽  

Herein, we report a comparison of the electrochemical performance of two kinds of NiCo2S4-based electrodes for solid-state hybrid supercapacitors (HSCs). For the binder-free electrode, NiCo2S4 was grown on Ni foam by the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. For the binder-using electrode, NiCo2S4 powder was synthesized by the hydrothermal method. FESEM images depicted the hierarchical nanostructure of NiCo2S4 synthesized by the hydrothermal method and uniform distribution of nanostructured NiCo2S4 grown on Ni foam by the CBD method. Half-cell studies of both NiCo2S4 electrodes showed them exhibiting battery-type charge storage behavior. To assemble HSCs, NiCo2S4 and activated carbon were used as a positive and negative electrode, respectively. Electrochemical studies of the HSCs showed that the accessible potential window was wide, up to 2.6 V, through cyclic voltammetry (CV) analysis. Chronopotentiometry (CP) studies revealed that the energy and power densities of binder-using HSC were 51.24 Wh/kg and 13 kW/kg at 1 Ag−1, respectively, which were relatively higher than those of the binder-free HSC. The binder-free HSC showed 52% cyclic stability, relatively higher than that of the binder-using HSC. Both HSCs, with unique benefits and burdens on energy storage performance, are discussed in this work.

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (3) ◽  
pp. 735-742
Özlem YILMAZ ◽  

2021 ◽  

Abstract The Cadmium sulfide (CdS) is the most advantageous material for the manufacture of the elaborate solar cells in thin layers, the study that we present, will relate to the elaborated and the characterization of CdS thin film deposited on glass substrates by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. This study will help us to know if the annealing atmosphere nature affects the deposition of thin films of CdS. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveals that the structures of pure thin films are Hexagonal and polycrystalline with preferential orientation (002). The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements showed that the surface morphology homogeneous and uniform. The energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) studies confirmed that the films are nearly stoichiometric. The transmittance in the visible region (200-800 nm) is high of 60%, and band gap values oscillated between 2.36 and 2.47 eV for al thin films.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (11) ◽  
pp. 3409-3419
Ben J. Fisher ◽  
Johan C. Faust ◽  
Oliver W. Moore ◽  
Caroline L. Peacock ◽  
Christian März

Abstract. Association of organic carbon (OC) with reactive iron (FeR) represents an important mechanism by which OC is protected against remineralisation in soils and marine sediments. Recent studies indicate that the molecular structure of organic compounds and/or the identity of associated FeR phases exert a control on the ability of an OC–FeR complex to be extracted by the citrate–bicarbonate–dithionite (CBD) method. However, many variations of the CBD extraction are used, and these are often uncalibrated to each other, rendering comparisons of OC–FeR values extracted via the different methods impossible. Here, we created synthetic ferrihydrite samples coprecipitated with simple organic structures and subjected these to modifications of the most common CBD method. We altered some of the method parameters (reagent concentration, time of the extraction and sample preparation methods) and measured FeR recovery to determine which (if any) modifications affected the release of FeR from the synthetic sample. We provide an assessment of the reducing capacity of Na dithionite in the CBD method (the amount of Fe reduced by a fixed amount of dithionite) and find that the concentration of dithionite deployed can limit OC–FeR extractability for sediments with a high FeR content. Additionally, we show that extending the length of any CBD extraction offers no benefit in removing FeR. Moreover, we demonstrate that for synthetic OC–FeR samples dominated by ferrihydrite, freeze-drying samples can significantly reduce OC–FeR extractability; this appears to be less of an issue for natural marine sediments where natural ageing mechanisms may mimic the freeze-drying process for more stable Fe phases. While our study is not an all-inclusive method comparison and is not aimed at delivering the “perfect” extraction setup, our findings provide a collected summary of critical factors which influence the efficiency of the CBD extraction for OC–FeR. As such, we provide a platform from which OC–FeR values obtained under different methods can be interpreted and future studies of sediment carbon cycling can build upon.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-4
Jasmitha Kaza ◽  
Desowja Hanumath Sai Kashyap Kaza ◽  
Mallikarjuna Rao Pasumarthi ◽  
P S Avadhani

2021 ◽  
Vol 53 (6) ◽  
Goverdhan Yadu ◽  
M. Akash Pateria ◽  
K. Deshmukh

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document