marine hydrokinetic
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 11911
Prajwal Adiga ◽  
Nathan Doi ◽  
Cindy Wong ◽  
Daniel M. Santosa ◽  
Li-Jung Kuo ◽  

Electrocatalytic water splitting is a possible route to the expanded generation of green hydrogen; however, a long-term challenge is the requirement of fresh water as an electrolyzer feed. The use of seawater as a direct feed for electrolytic hydrogen production would alleviate fresh water needs and potentially open an avenue for locally generated hydrogen from marine hydrokinetic or off-shore power sources. One environmental limitation to seawater electrolysis is the generation of chlorine as a competitive anodic reaction. This work evaluates transition metal (W, Co, Fe, Sn, and Ru) doping of Mn-Mo-based catalysts as a strategy to suppress chlorine evolution while sustaining catalytic efficiency. Electrochemical evaluations in neutral chloride solution and raw seawater showed the promise of a novel Mn-Mo-Ru electrode system for oxygen evolution efficiency and enhanced catalytic activity. Subsequent stability testing in a flowing raw seawater flume highlighted the need for improved catalyst stability for long-term applications of Mn-Mo-Ru catalysts. This work highlights that elements known to be selective toward chlorine evolution in simple oxide form (e.g., RuO2) may display different trends in selectivity when used as isolated dopants, where Ru suppressed chlorine evolution in Mn-based catalysts.

Amin Rafiei ◽  
M.S. Rahman ◽  
M.A. Gabr

Abstract Wave-induced liquefaction in seabed may adversely impact the stability and bearing capacity of the foundation elements of coastal structures. The interaction of wave, seabed, and structure has been studied mostly for only mildly sloping seabed (<5°) using a decoupled approach. However, some of the marine hydrokinetic devices (MHKs) may be built on or anchored to the seabed with significant steepness. The wave-induced response and instantaneous liquefaction within sloping seabed supporting a small structure (representing a small MHK device) are evaluated herein by developing an almost fully coupled finite element model. The effects of coupling approach on the stress response and liquefaction of the seabed soils are investigated. Subsequently, post-liquefaction deformation of seabed soils around the structure is assessed. The poroelasticity equations governing the seabed response coupled with those for other domains are solved simultaneously. For post-liquefaction analysis, the soil is modeled as elastic perfectly plastic material. The development of instantaneously liquefied zones near the foundation is studied in terms of seabed steepness and wave parameters. The changes in the effective stress paths due to the development of liquefied zones are evaluated in view of the soil's critical state. The results indicate that the decoupled solution yields significantly larger stresses and liquefaction zones around the structure. The seabed response and the liquefaction zones become smaller for steeper slopes. The presence of liquefied zones brings the stress state closer to the failure envelope, reduces the confining stresses, and induces larger plastic strains around the foundation element.

Jessie Lilly ◽  
Michael J. Dadswell ◽  
Montana F. McLean ◽  
Trevor S. Avery ◽  
Perry D. Comolli ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 222 ◽  
pp. 108584
Jorge Sandoval ◽  
Karina Soto-Rivas ◽  
Clemente Gotelli ◽  
Cristián Escauriaza

Margalit Goldschmidt ◽  
Joseph Horn ◽  
Michael Jonson ◽  
Richard Medvitz

2020 ◽  
Vol 143 (3) ◽  
Mengyu Li ◽  
Christopher C. Bernitsas ◽  
Jing Guo ◽  
Hai Sun

Abstract Flow-induced oscillations/vibrations (FIO/V) of cylinders in tandem can be enhanced by proper in-flow spacing to increase hydrokinetic energy harnessing. In a farm of multiple cylinders in tandem, the effect of interference on harnessing efficiency arises. Three years of systematic experiments in the Marine Renewable Laboratory (MRELab) of the University of Michigan, on an isolated cylinder, and two and three cylinders in tandem have revealed that synergistic FIO can enhance oscillations of cylinders in close proximity. Two cylinders in tandem can harness 2.5–13.5 times the hydrokinetic power of one isolated cylinder. Three cylinders in tandem can harness 3.4–26.4 times the hydrokinetic power of one isolated cylinder. Negative impact on the harnessed energy by multiple cylinders, such as the shielding effect for the downstream cylinder/s, is possible. Specifically for the three-cylinder configuration, at a certain flow speed, the decrease in the power of the middle cylinder can be overcome by adjusting its stiffness and/or damping.

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