A model has been constructed for the microstructural evolution that occurs during the annealing of aluminum alloys. Geometric and crystallographic observations from two orthogonal sections through a polycrystal using automated Electron Back-Scatter Diffraction (EBSD) were used as an input to the computer simulations to create a statistically representative threedimensional model. The microstructure is generated using a voxel-based tessellation technique. Assignment of orientations to the grains is controlled to ensure that both texture and nearest neighbor relationships match the observed distributions. The microstructures thus obtained are allowed to evolve using a Monte-Carlo simulation. Anisotropic grain boundary properties are used in the simulations. Nucleation is done in accordance with experimental observations on the likelihood of occurrences in particular neighborhoods. We will present the effect of temperature on the model predictions.
Aluminum alloys can be used in the fabrication of intricate geometry and curved parts for a wide range of uses in aerospace and automotive sectors, where high stiffness and low weight are necessitated. This paper outlines a review of various research investigations on the superplastic behavior of aluminum alloys that have taken place mainly over the past two decades. The influencing factors on aluminum alloys superplasticity, such as initial grain size, deformation temperature, strain rate, microstructure refinement techniques, and addition of trace elements in aluminum alloys, are analyzed here. Since grain boundary sliding is one of the dominant features of aluminum alloys superplasticity, its deformation mechanism and the corresponding value of activation energy are included as a part of discussion. Dislocation motion, diffusion in grains, and near-grain boundary regions being major features of superplasticity, are discussed as important issues. Moreover, the paper also discusses the corresponding values of grain size exponent, stress exponent, solute drag creep and power law creep. Constitutive equations, which are essential for commercial applications and play a vital role in predicting and analyzing the superplastic behavior, are also reviewed here.