Materials Research Express
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Published By Iop Publishing

2053-1591

Author(s):  
Mohammed Gouda ◽  
Salah Salman ◽  
Saad Ebied

Abstract β-titanium alloys are essential in many applications, particularly biomedical applications. Ti-14Mn β-type alloy was produced using an electric arc furnace from raw alloying elements in an inert atmosphere. The alloy was homogenized at 1000 °C for 8 hr to ensure the complete composition distribution, followed by solution treatment at 900 °C, then quenched in ice water. The alloy was subjected to cold deformation via cold rolling with different ratios: 10, 30, and 90%. The phases change, microstructure, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of Ti-14Mn alloys were evaluated before and after cold rolling. The results showed that the β-phase is the only existed phase even after a high degree of deformation. The microstructure shows a combination of twinning and slipping deformation mechanisms in the deformed alloy. Microhardness values indicated a linear increase equal to 30% by increasing the ratio of cold deformation due to the strain hardening effect. The corrosion resistance of Ti-14Mn alloy was doubled after 90% cold rolling.


Author(s):  
Ashish Kumar ◽  
R. S. Rana ◽  
Rajesh Purohit

Abstract Ceramic particulate embedded aluminum metal matrix nanocomposites (AMNCs) possess superior mechanical and surface properties and lightweight features. AMNCs are a suitable replacement of traditional material, i.e., steel, to make automotive parts. The current work deals with developing Si3N4 strengthened high strength AA7068 nanocomposites via novel ultrasonic-assisted stir casting method advanced with bottom pouring setup in the proportion of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2 wt.%. Planetary ball milling was performed on a mixture of AA7068 powder and Si3N4 (in the proportion of 3:1) before incorporation in aluminum alloy melt to avoid rejection of fine particles. Finite element scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), and Elemental mapping techniques were used in the microstructural investigation. Significant grain refinement was observed with increasing reinforcing content, whereas agglomeration was found at higher weight %. Hardness, Tensile strength, ductility, porosity content, compressive strength, and impact energy were also examined of pure alloy and each composite. Improvement of 72.71%, 50.07%, and 27.41 % was noticed in hardness value, tensile strength, and compressive strength, respectively, at 1.5 weight % compared to base alloy because of various strengthening mechanisms. These properties are decreased at 2wt.% due to severe agglomeration. In contrast, nanocomposite's ductility and impact strength continuously decrease compared to monolithic AA7068. Fracture analysis shows the ductile and mixed failure mode in alloy and nanocomposites.


Author(s):  
Agus Subagio ◽  
Heydar Ruffa Taufiq ◽  
Ali Khumaeni ◽  
Ngurah Ayu Ketut Umiati ◽  
Kusworo Adi

Abstract Multiwalled carbon nanotubes have great potential when applied as biosensors. Their properties, especially as electrodes with electrochemical characteristics, offer strong benefits for developing biosensors. This research has been able to integrate multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with Au nanoparticles (Au-NPs) to obtain several new superior properties. Cysteaminium chloride is used to link MWCNTs and Au-NPs while binding to specific antibodies to make them more sensitive to some diseases or viruses. The data on the success of the bonding of MWCNTs/Au-NPs were tested using three characterizations, namely FTIR, SEM, and XRD. Based on the results of testing electrochemical properties using the CV and EIS tests, the capacitance value of 6,363 Fg-1 and the Rct value of 717,9 Ω, respectively. This demonstrates good adhesion and electron transfer properties from the electrolyte to the probe and electrode.


Author(s):  
Shuliang Wang ◽  
Mengjun Yao ◽  
Yangzhong Jing ◽  
Xujia He ◽  
Mingyu Bao ◽  
...  

Abstract A high-temperature autoclave was used to grow CO2 corrosion-product films on P110SS steel specimens while the surface of the specimens was continuously subjected to tensile stress in a four-point bending jig; the autoclaving times were 6, 18, 36, and 72 h. A scanning electron microscope was used to observe the surface topography of the corrosion-product films formed on the P110SS steels. An X-ray diffraction was used to analyze the phase compositions of the corrosion products. The electrochemical performance of the films was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization curves. The results showed that tensile stress could hinder the formation of corrosion-product films; the integrity and compactness of the films worsened, but the phase compositions of the films did not change. The applied tensile stress resulted in a smaller grain size of the corrosion-product films, and the grain boundaries increased. In addition, owing to the induced tensile stress, the charge transfer resistances decreased, and the corrosion current densities increased for the P110SS steels with corrosion-product films in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution saturated with CO2.


Author(s):  
P Subramani ◽  
M Sathishkumar ◽  
M Manikandan ◽  
S Senthil Kumaran ◽  
V Sreenivasulu ◽  
...  

Abstract Thermal barrier coating plays a vital role in protecting materials' surfaces from high-temperature environment conditions. This work compares the demeanour of uncoated and air plasma sprayed Cr3C2-25NiCr and NiCrMoNb coated X8CrNiMoVNb16-13 substrates subjected to air oxidation and molten salt (Na2SO4 + 60%V2O5) environment condition at 900°C for 50 cycles. Coating characteristics have been analyzed through microstructure, thickness, porosity, hardness, and bond strength. SEM, EDS and XRD analysis were used to analyze corrosion's product at the end of the 50th cycle. Coating microstructures showed a uniform laminar structure that is adherent and denser with a coating thickness of 150 ± 20 μm and porosity less than 3.5%. The Microhardness of both the coated substrates were higher than that of the bare substrate. Cr3C2-25NiCr and NiCrMoNb coating bond strength was 38.9 MPa and 42.5 MPa. Thermogravimetric analysis showed the parabolic rate law of oxidation for all the substrates in both environments. In the molten salt environment, all the substrates exhibited higher weight gain compared to the air oxidation environment. In both environmental conditions, the uncoated X8CrNiMoVNb16-13 alloy exhibited higher weight gain than the coated substrates. The formation of Cr2O3, NiO and spinel oxide NiCr2O4 offers good resistance to corrosion to all the substrates in both the environmental condition. However, the presence of Mo and Nb significantly accelerated the corrosion of the substrate, thereby increasing the weight of the NiCrMoNb substrate. It is observed that Cr3C2-25NiCr and NiCrMoNb coating over the X8CrNiMoVNb16-13 substrate significantly protected the substrate against the hot corrosion than the bare alloy exposed to similar environmental conditions.


Author(s):  
Chunli Wu ◽  
Xiaohao Dong ◽  
Lan Wang ◽  
Lei Zhang ◽  
Xiaotong Liu

Abstract In order to improve the visible light catalytic activity of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and ensure its long-term stability on the surface of concrete, an N-TiO2/SiO2 composite was prepared using tetrabutyl titanate, nitric acid, and modified SiO2 nanospheres as the precursors by a solvothermal method. The effect of nitric acid on the phase composition, morphology and photoelectric properties of the synthesized photocatalytic composites was systematically studied by various characterization methods. The results show that the optimum nitric acid/butyl titanate volume ratio is 1/6. The nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed on the surface of spherical SiO2 with a diameter of 200 nm. The degradation rate of simulated pollutants (RhB) with pH 5 and 7 exceeded 95% within 30 minutes and the catalytic effect remained excellent after five repetitions without much weakening. The excellent visible photocatalytic performance can be attributed to the doping of N replacing part of the oxygen atoms in TiO2, forming the energy level of N 2p at the O 2p energy level and reducing the TiO2 energy band gap to 2.99 eV. At the same time, the better dispersion of N-TiO2/SiO2 prepared by this new synthesis method also plays an important role in the improvement of visible light photocatalytic activity.


Author(s):  
Chunyang Pan ◽  
Changfeng Xu ◽  
Jun Zhou

Abstract Due to the good biocompatibility, 316L stainless steel is widely used in the manufacture of medical instru-ments and human implants. The super hydrophilic 316L steel surface is used for reducing friction and adhe-sion. By choosing appropriate laser process parameters 316L steel surfaces with super-hydrophilic were ob-tained. The effects of laser process parameters including repeat frequency, pulse width, scanning speed, and the number of scanning were investigated to find the relationship between surface microstructure and wet-ting ability. To investigate the super-hydrophilic maintenance time on the textured surface, the textured sur-faces were preserved in ambident air, distilled water, and absolute ethanol. The results showed that by choosing appropriate laser process parameters surface with super-hydrophilicity can be maintained for 30 days.


Author(s):  
Yan Peng ◽  
Yang Liu ◽  
Haoran Li ◽  
Jiankang Xing

Abstract To address the difficult problems in the study of the effect of average strain on fatigue life under low-cycle fatigue loads, the effect of average strain on the low-cycle fatigue life of materials under different strain cycle ratios was discussed based on the framework of damage mechanics and its irreversible thermodynamics. By introducing the Ramberg-Osgood cyclic constitutive equation, a new low-cycle fatigue life prediction method based on the intrinsic damage dissipation theory considering average strain was proposed, which revealed the correlation between low-cycle fatigue strain life , material properties, and average strain. Through the analysis of the low-cycle fatigue test data of five different metal materials, the model parameters of the corresponding materials were obtained. The calculation results indicate that the proposed life prediction method is in good agreement with the test, and a reasonable characterization of the low-cycle fatigue life under the influence of average strain is realized. Comparing calculations with three typical low-cycle fatigue life prediction models, the new method is within two times the error band, and the prediction effect is significantly better than the existing models, which is more suitable for low-cycle fatigue life prediction. The low-cycle fatigue life prediction of different cyclic strain ratios based on the critical region intrinsic damage dissipation power method provides a new idea for the research of low-cycle fatigue life prediction of metallic materials.


Author(s):  
Xiaoyun Xu ◽  
Yingying Xing ◽  
Ziyue Yang

Abstract Mn activated optical materials have been demonstrated to be promising for various applications such as light-emitting device, tunable lasers and smart sensors. Most of the candidates belong to the single crystals and crystalline powders and few reports involve about the glass-derived materials. In this letter, we report the fabrication of active Mn-doped nanostructured glass sample via control of the crystallization of a typical gallogermanate glass. LiGa5O8 and LiGaGeO4 can precipitate after heat-treatment and Mn centers selectively incorporate into the crystalline phase. Importantly, the luminescence can be switched from red to green color and the intensity can be simultaneously enhanced. Furthermore, the luminescence properties can be tuned via control of the phase of the nanostructured glass. The approach should be general to various transition metal dopant, thus may potentially pave an effective way for functionalization of glass and expand the category of the active optical materials.


Author(s):  
E.L. Veera Prabakaran ◽  
K Senthil Vadivu ◽  
B Mouli Prasanth

Abstract Thin film sensors are used to monitor environmental conditions by measuring the physical parameters. By using thin film technology, the sensors are capable of conducting precise measurements. Moreover, the measurements are stable and dependable. Furthermore, inexpensive sensor devices can be produced. In this paper, thin film technology for the design and fabrication of sensors that are used in various applications is reviewed. Further, the applications of thin film sensors in the fields of biomedical, energy harvesting, optical, and corrosion applications are also presented. From the review, the future research needs and future perspectives are identified and discussed.


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