grain size
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2022 ◽  
Vol 210 ◽  
pp. 114459
Mao-Yuan Luo ◽  
Tu-Ngoc Lam ◽  
Pei-Te Wang ◽  
Nien-Ti Tsou ◽  
Yao-Jen Chang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 277 ◽  
pp. 125546
Ankit Roy ◽  
Ram Devanathan ◽  
Duane D. Johnson ◽  
Ganesh Balasubramanian

2022 ◽  
Jose Luis Meseguer Valdenebro ◽  
Eusebio José Martínez Conesa ◽  
Antonio Portoles

Abstract The aim of this work is to carry out the design of experiments that determine the influence of the welding parameters using Taguchi’s method on the grain size, HAZ, and the degree of dilution in 6063-T5 alloy. The welding process used is GMAW and the welding parameters are power, welding speed and bevel spacing. The study of the influence of the welding parameters on the measurements made in the welding (which are the size of heat affected zone, the degree of dilution, and the grain size) allows one to determine the quality of the joint . In addition, the welding parameter most influential in minimising the three measurements will be determined.

2022 ◽  
Dien Hu ◽  
Jun-Yuan Zheng ◽  
M. W. Fu

Abstract Meso/microforming has gained much more attention in the last decades and is widely used as a reliable method to fabricate meso/micro-scaled metallic components. In this research, a compound meso/microforming system which combines deep drawing, punching and blanking operations was developed to fabricate multiscale central-punched cups by using brass sheets. The parts with three scales were produced by using the brass sheets with various thicknesses and grain sizes to investigate geometrical and grain size effects on the deformation behaviors, dimensional accuracy, and material flow behaviors in the forming process. Through physical experiments and finite element simulations, it is revealed that the ultimate deformation load in the drawing-punching stage is smaller than that in the single deep drawing stage under microscale, but the results in the meso-scaled scenarios are opposite. In addition, the thickness variation is increased with grain size, but the variation of the normalized thickness variation does not show an obvious tendency with different size scales. In the bending area, the material flow is tangential to the thickness direction, leading to the formation of thinning area. In addition, the material flow is almost opposite to the punching direction in the punching area, avoiding the expanding deformation of the hole. Thus, the punching operation barely affects the dimensional accuracy including the thickness and hole diameter of the formed parts. Furthermore, the micro-scaled cups with finer grains have a better surface quality. These findings enhance the understanding of size effect in compound meso/microforming with the combined deep drawing and punching operations.

Zhen Cui ◽  
Yaqian Zhang ◽  
Dong Hu ◽  
Sten Vollebregt ◽  
Jiajie Fan ◽  

Abstract Understanding the atomic diffusion features in metallic material is significant to explain the diffusion-controlled physical processes. In this paper, using electromigration experiments and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations, we investigate the effects of grain size and temperature on the self-diffusion of polycrystalline aluminum (Al). The mass transport due to electromigration are accelerated by increasing temperature and decreasing grain size. Magnitudes of effective diffusivity (Deff) and grain boundary diffusivity (DGBs) are experimentally determined, in which the Deff changes as a function of grain size and temperature, but DGBs is independent of the grain size, only affected by the temperature. Moreover, MD simulations of atomic diffusion in polycrystalline Al demonstrate those observations from experiments. Based on MD results, the Arrhenius equation of DGBs and empirical formula of the thickness of grain boundaries at various temperatures are obtained. In total, Deff and DGBs obtained in the present study agree with literature results, and a comprehensive result of diffusivities related to the grain size is presented.

2022 ◽  
Koushik Saha ◽  

Abstract It is crucial for policy makers and environmental managers to determine the future dynamics of coastal wetlands, especially the existence of their response, disruption, and recovery regimes. Reconstruction of meso-scale evolution in coastal ecosystems can help to adapt coastal resource management techniques to the natural scales of system activity, thereby encouraging true biodiversity. This research provides an overview of decadal (mesoscale) geomorphic transition by high-resolution grain size analysis of a sediment deposit from a barrier estuary regime on the Chandipur coast, India. Coastal marshland’s grain size distribution (GSD) has generally been analyzed using End Member Mixing Models (EMMA) and Probability Density Function (PDF) methods (e.g. log-normal, log skew-Laplace). Although these techniques do not consider the compositional nature of the records, which can undermine the outcomes of the interpretation of sedimentary deposits. The approach to reliable granulometric analysis of lithostratigraphic sequences aims at establishing direct links between fluid dynamics and subsequent shifts in the texture of sediments. In this study, GSD analysis of marsh sediment is represented by compositional data analysis (CoDa) and a multivariate statistical framework. Barrier estuary evolution, presented by time lapses of satellite maps coupled with grain size and carbon content of marsh sediment, primarily reflects the evolving hydrodynamics of the back barrier area. These findings will provide a statistically robust analysis of the depositional system in coastal marshland. Multiannual environmental variations in the back barrier configuration illustrate the importance of this applied approach with respect to bridging the basis of estuarine evolution and process information.

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