Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: Sustained low efficiency compared to continuous renal replacement therapy

2022 ◽  
Vol 77 ◽  
pp. 110642
Marc Vives ◽  
Keyvan Karkouti ◽  
Vivek Rao ◽  
C.T. Chan ◽  
Duminda N. Wijeysundera
Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (51) ◽  
pp. e28118
Sultan Al Dalbhi ◽  
Riyadh Alorf ◽  
Mohammad Alotaibi ◽  
Abdulrahman Altheaby ◽  
Yasser Alghamdi ◽  

2015 ◽  
Vol 29 (2) ◽  
pp. 229-239 ◽  
Valentina Pistolesi ◽  
Anteo Di Napoli ◽  
Enrico Fiaccadori ◽  
Laura Zeppilli ◽  
Francesca Polistena ◽  

2016 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 123 ◽  
Orhan Findik ◽  
Ufuk Aydin ◽  
Ozgur Baris ◽  
Hakan Parlar ◽  
Gokcen Atilboz Alagoz ◽  

<strong>Background:</strong> Acute kidney injury is a common complication of cardiac surgery that increases morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study is to analyze the association of preoperative serum albumin levels with acute kidney injury and the requirement of renal replacement therapy after isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> We retrospectively reviewed the prospectively collected data of 530 adult patients who underwent isolated CABG surgery with normal renal function. The perioperative clinical data of the patients included demographic data, laboratory data, length of stay, in-hospital complications and mortality. The patient population was divided into two groups: group I patients with preoperative serum albumin levels &lt;3.5 mg/dL; and group II pateints with preoperative serum albumin levels ≥3.5 mg/dL.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> There were 413 patients in group I and 117 patients in group II. Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) occured in 33 patients (28.2%) in group I and in 79 patients (19.1%) in group II. Renal replacement therapy was required in 17 patients (3.2%) (8 patients from group I; 9 patients from group II; P = .018). 30-day mortality occurred in 18 patients (3.4%) (10 patients from group I; 8 patients from group II; P = .037). Fourteen of these patients required renal replacement therapy. Logistic regression analysis revealing the presence of lower serum albumin levels preoperatively was shown to be associated with increased incidence of postoperative AKI (OR: 1.661; 95% CI: 1.037-2.661; <br />P = .035). Logistic regression analysis also revealed that DM (OR: 3.325; 95% CI: 2.162-5.114; P = .000) was another independent risk factor for AKI after isolated CABG. <br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Low preoperative serum albumin levels result in severe acute kidney injury and increase the rate of renal replacement therapy and mortality after isolated CABG.

2020 ◽  
Ankit Patel ◽  
Kenneth B Christopher

Renal replacement therapy (RRT) can be used to support patient’s kidney function in cases of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, timing, modality, and dosing of RRT continue to remain in question. Recent studies have begun to provide data to help guide clinicians on when to initiate RRT, what form of RRT to use ranging from continuous venovenous hemofiltration (VVH) to intermittent hemodialysis, and the impact of high versus low-intensity dosing. Additionally, the risks associated with temporary vascular access with regard to thrombosis and infection, the impact of high efficiency and flux versus low efficiency and flux membranes, and options for anticoagulation in RRT for AKI are also discussed. This review contains 75 references.  Key words: acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, continuous venovenous hemofiltration, continuous venovenous hemodialysis, renal replacement therapy, venovenous hemofiltration, 

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