scholarly journals Force-Deformation Study on Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete Slab Incorporating Waste Paper

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
S. Praburanganathan ◽  
N. Sudharsan ◽  
Yeddula Bharath Simha Reddy ◽  
Chukka Naga Dheeraj Kumar Reddy ◽  
L. Natrayan ◽  

This study inspects the viability of engaging the discarded paper wastes in concrete by varying the volume proportions from 0%–20% with each 5% increment in replacement of the weight of cement. A physiomechanical study was conducted, and the results were presented. A glass fiber reinforced rectangular slab with a longer span (ly) to shorter span (lx) ratio of (ly: lx) 1.16 was cast with optimum replacement of waste-paper mass and compared the force-deformation characteristics with the conventional concrete slab without waste paper. The optimum percentage of discarded papers for the replacement of cement is 5%. Also, the results imply that the compressive strength at the age of 28 days is 30% improved for the optimum replacement. Based on the outcomes of the investigation, it can be inferred that the compressive strength gets progressively reduced if the volume of the discarded paper gets increases. The incorporation of glass fibers improves the split and flexural strength of the concrete specimens considerably. The ultimate load-carrying capacity of the glass fiber reinforced waste paper incorporated concrete slab measured 42% lower than that of the conventional slab. However, development of the new type of concrete incorporating waste papers is the new trend in ensuring the sustainability of construction materials.

Addition of glass fibers into concrete significantly modifies its tensile strength. The fibers are placed at desired locations and orientations by the matrix surrounding it, thereby making the fibers as principal load carrying members and also protecting them from environmental damage. Glass fibers provide resistance to high temperature, and the ease of incorporating them into the matrix either in continuous or discontinuous lengths. In this work, carbonation test representing the durability of Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GFRC) was carried out, and then experimental program determines the properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength of GFRC for 7 days and 28 days of curing, with percentage of fibers in ratios 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2% and performance of GFRC at elevated temperatures of 300°c, 500°c, 700°c, 1000°c are compared with conventional concrete. The results depict that, the residual compressive strength capacity of GFRC is greater than unreinforced concrete both at elevated and normal temperatures.

S. Hussain ◽  
J.S. Yadav

Purpose: Cement concrete is characterized as brittle in nature, the loading capacity of which is completely lost once failure is initiated. This characteristic, which limits the application of the material, can in one way be overcome by the addition of some small amount of short randomly distributed fibers (steel, glass, synthetic). Design/methodology/approach: The present study deals with the inclusion of alkali resistant glass fibers in concrete by percentage weight of cement. The mechanical properties such as compressive strength and split tensile strength have been studied after exposing the concrete samples to elevated temperatures of up to 500°C. Water binder ratios of 0.4, 0.45, 0.5, 0.55 and 0.6 have been used to prepare design mix proportions of concrete to achieve a characteristic strength of 30 MPa. The depth of carbonation post elevated temperature exposure has been measured by subjecting the concrete samples to an accelerated carbonation (5%) condition in a controlled chamber. Findings: Conclusions have been drawn in accordance to the effect of fiber replacement and temperature increment. The concrete mixes with fiber content of 1% by weight of cement had shown better strength in compression and tension compared to the other dosages and conventional concrete (without fiber). Microcracking due to internal stream pressure reduced the mechanical strengths of concrete at elevated temperatures. Also, from TGA it was observed that the amount of calcium carbonate in samples with fiber added, post carbonation was less than the mixes without fiber in it. Research limitations/implications: The present study has been limited to alkali resistant glass fibers as the conventional glass fibers undergo corrosion due to hydration. Practical implications: The glass fiber reinforced concrete can be used in the building renovation works, water and drainage works, b ridge and tunnel lining panels etc. Originality/value: Based upon the available literature, very seldom the studies are addressing the behaviour of alkali resistant glass fiber concrete and its exposure to elevated temperatures.

2018 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 10-17
Rimvydas MOCEIKIS ◽  
Asta KIČAITĖ ◽  
Gintautas SKRIPKIŪNAS ◽  
Aleksandrs KORJAKINS

Glass fiber reinforced concrete (GRC) is used for 40 years to create world’s most stunning and complex architectural elements due to its high mechanical properties, particularly flexural strength. Yet it is very important to note that any type of glass fibers in the concrete matrix are undergoing complex ageing processes, resulting to significant decrease of initial mechanical characteristics of this composite material under natural weathering conditions. Aspects of GRC durability are mainly dependent from the properties of fibers and interaction between them and concrete matrix. In this article, long term strength retention of this composite material is discussed, existing experimental data of weathering tests presented, and main corrosion mechanisms explained. Lack of knowledge about freeze- thaw resistance of glass fiber reinforced concrete is addressed. Finally, latest attempts of GRC durability improvement are reviewed, such as adding micro fillers, polymers to the concrete matrix and enhancing surface of fibers in Nano scale.

2018 ◽  
Vol 875 ◽  
pp. 174-178
Bhawat Chaichannawatik ◽  
Athasit Sirisonthi ◽  
Qudeer Hussain ◽  
Panuwat Joyklad

This study presents results of an experimental investigation conducted to investigate the mechanical properties of sisal and glass fiber reinforced concrete. Four basic concrete mixes were considered: 1) Plain concrete (PC) containing ordinary natural aggregates without any fibers, 2) sisal fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC), 3) sisal and glass fiber reinforced concrete (SGFRC), 4, glass fiber reinforced concrete (GFRC). Investigated properties were compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural tensile strength and workability. The results of fiber reinforced concrete mixes were compared with plain concrete to investigate the effect of fibers on the mechanical properties of fiber reinforced concrete. It was determined that addition of different kinds of fibers (natural and synthetic) is very useful to produce concrete. The addition of fibers was resulted into higher compressive strength, splitting and tensile strength. However, the workability of the fiber reinforced concrete was found lower than the plain concrete due to the addition of fibers in the concrete.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (5) ◽  
pp. 1149
Qingbiao Wang ◽  
Hongxu Song ◽  
Yue Li ◽  
Fuqiang Wang ◽  
Zhongjing Hu ◽  

An important way to improve concrete performance is the use of alkali-resistant glass fibers (ARGFs) as reinforcement. This paper is based on the problems of the cracking of the partition wall and lining seepage in Laoshan Tunnel, Qingdao, China. Two types of ARGFs were selected as reinforcement materials for the partition wall and lining concrete: high dispersion (HD) and high performance (HP); and the compressive strength (CS), tensile strength (TS), flexural strength (FS), and impervious performance (IP) of concrete with different gradations of the two types of fibers were investigated. The results show that although the CS of graded glass fiber reinforced concrete (G-GRC) is slightly decreased, the TS, FS, and IP of G-GRC are significantly improved. When the densities of the ARGFs of HD and HP are 0.6 and 5 kg/m3, respectively, G-GRC performs best; additionally, compared with ordinary concrete, the TS, FS, and IP of G-GRC are increased by 15.86%, 14.90%, and 31.58%, respectively. Meanwhile, the tension–compression ratio is increased by 22.29%, and the mechanical properties of concrete are remarkably enhanced. The research results were successfully applied to the construction of the Laoshan tunnel, and good engineering results were obtained.

2017 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 108-119
Mustafa M. Hamza ◽  
Besma M. Fahad

Abstract In the field of construction materials the glass reinforced mortar and Styrene Butadiene mortar are modern composite materials. This study experimentally investigated the effect of addition of randomly dispersed glass fibers and layered glass fibers on density and compressive strength of mortar with and without the presence of Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR). Mixtures of 1:2 cement/sand ratio and 0.5 water/cement ratio were prepared for making mortar. The glass fibers were added by two manners, layers and random with weight percentages of (0.54, 0.76, 1.1 and 1.42). The specimens were divided into two series: glass-fiber reinforced mortar without SBR and glass-fiber reinforced mortar with 7% SBR of mixture water. All specimens were tested after curing for 7 and 28 days, glass-fiber reinforced mortar exhibited better properties than control mortar in improvement of compressive strength and lowering the density after curing for 28 days due to the completion of cement hydration reaction.. For compressive strength the best results were achieved with 1.42 wt.% layers glass-fiber reinforced mortar with 7% SBR which gave 41.56 MPa. On the other hand, the addition of 1.42 wt.% random glass-fiber without SBR addition caused the beast reduction in density by 10.6% and produced lighter structure than control sample. Keywords: Random glass fibers , Glass fibers layers, SBR, compressive strength, density.  

2018 ◽  
Vol 7 (4.5) ◽  
pp. 707
Kiran Kumar Poloju ◽  
Chiranjeeevi Rahul ◽  
Vineetha Anil

Concrete is a frail building material in strain. Characteristically, because of variety in temperature small cracks will be available in concrete. In addition, solid experiences low rigidity, constrained flexibility and little protection from splitting. Plain concrete will create splits because of plastic shrinkage, drying shrinkage and different reasons also .The advancement of these small scale breaks causes flexible miss happen-ing in concrete. The solid with no fiber is considered as fragile and feeble material. Related to glass fiber use there lies numerous techno efficient inquiries that settles on the decision of GFRC over strengthened cement troublesome. This paper exhibits the change in the mechan-ical quality properties and flexibility properties of Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete. An Experimental program was done with and without utilizing glass fiber in various rate 0 to 0.09 percentages in conventional concrete keeping in mind the end goal to enhance the mechanical properties, stretch strain conduct and arrangement of splits. In light of the outcomes acquired from the trial comes about the conclusion is that both fiber and cementitious lattice can hold their physical and substance properties and they deliver a blend of properties that can't be accomplished when these segments are acting alone.  

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