composite material
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2022 ◽  
Vol 176 ◽  
pp. 114301
Mohammad Fuzail Siddiqui ◽  
Suhail Ayoub Khan ◽  
Daud Hussain ◽  
Unsha Tabrez ◽  
Irshad Ahamad ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 74 ◽  
pp. 52-62
Juan-Antonio Almazán-Lázaro ◽  
Elías López-Alba ◽  
Francisco-Alberto Díaz-Garrido

2022 ◽  
Vol 155 ◽  
pp. 106571
S. Gillet ◽  
T. Jacopin ◽  
S. Joannès ◽  
N. Bedrici ◽  
L. Laiarinandrasana

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Junzhao He ◽  
Yunan Li ◽  
Yuling Jin ◽  
Anming Wang ◽  
Yumin Zhang ◽  

The mechanical analysis of complex rock mass is a difficult problem, which often occurs in scientific research and practical engineering. Many achievements have been made in the study of rock mass composite problems by composite material micromechanics method, but it has not been well summarized so far. This paper summarizes in detail the research status of complex rock mass problems by composite material micromechanics method at home and abroad, including the application of the Eshelby equivalent inclusion theory and self-consistent model in rock mass composite problems, and the application of the homogenization method in jointed rock mass and other rock mass composite problems such as anchored rock mass, layered rock mass, and salt rock mass with impurities. It is proposed that the structural similarity and mechanical analysis similarity should be satisfied when the composite material micromechanics method is used to study the complex rock mass. Finally, the problems that need to be further studied are put forward. The research results provide a valuable reference for the study of complex rock mass by the composite material micromechanics method.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 722
Nedim Pervan ◽  
Elmedin Mešić ◽  
Adis J. Muminović ◽  
Muamer Delić ◽  
Enis Muratović ◽  

This paper describes comparative analysis of the biomechanical performances conducted on the external fixation devices whose frames are made out of two different material (stainless steel and composite material). Biomechanical properties were determined with experimental and FEM (finite element method) models which are used to study the movement of the fracture crack, establish stiffness of the design solutions and monitor generated stresses on the zones of interest. Geometric modeling of two fixation devices configurations B50 and C50 is used as a basis for structural analysis under the impact of axial load. Structural analysis results are confirmed with an experimental setup. Analyzed deflection values in the load and fracture zones are used to define the exact values of the stiffness for the construction design and fracture, respectively. The carbon frame device configuration has 28% lower construction stiffness than the one with the steel frame (for B50 configuration), i.e., 9% (for C50 configuration). In addition, fracture stiffness values for the composite frame application are approximately 23% lower (B50 configuration), i.e., 13% lower (C50 configuration), compared to steel frame. The carbon frame device has about 33% lower stresses at the critical zones compared to the steel frame at the control zone MM+ and, similarly, 35% lower stresses at the control zone MM-. With an exhausting analysis of the biomechanical properties of the fixation devices, it can be concluded that steel frame fixation device is superior, meaning it has better biomechanical characteristics compared to carbon frame fixation device, regarding obtained data for stresses and stiffnesses of the frame construction and fracture. Considering stresses at the critical zones of the fixation device construction, the carbon frame device has better biomechanical performances compared to steel frame devices.

Madhusudan Baghel ◽  
C M Krishna ◽  
S. Suresh

Abstract In this research work, the development of Al-SiC composite material from rice husk and its parametric assessment is done using a CNC milling machine. They are further surface characterized, and mechanical properties such as BET surface area, SEM-EDX, and XRD, fracture toughness, tensile, and bending strength are studied. The machinability of the components is investigated for selected values of input-output parameters. Three castings, each with different particulate reinforcement combinations, are made with aluminum alloy (6061) using the stir casting method. BET surface area of extracted silica and Al-SiC composite material was found 374 m2/g and 150 m2/g, respectively. From results of BET surface area revealed that silica obtained from rice husk is more heterogeneous with a large surface area. A heterogeneous surface with larger pores was found through SEM images. XRD diffraction peaks show changes of amorphous silica into crystallinity in the composite material. The results also indicate that fracture toughness is very good at low temperatures and good machinability on CNC milling machines makes it suitable for aerospace applications.

Catalysts ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 77
Miroslawa Prochon ◽  
Szymon Szczepanik ◽  
Oleksandra Dzeikala ◽  
Robert Adamski

There is a major focus on natural biopolymers of bacterial, animal, or plant origin as ecological materials, replacing petrochemical products. Biologically derived polylactide (PLA), polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) possess interesting properties, but they are currently too expensive for most applications. Therefore, researchers try to find other biopolymers that are both durable and cheap enough to replace plastics in some applications. One possible candidate is gelatin, which can be transformed into a thin, translucent film that is flexible and has stable and high mechanical properties. Here, we present a method of synthesizing a composite material from gelatin. For preparation of such material, we used gelatin of animal origin (pig skin) with the addition of casein, food gelatin, glycerin, and enzymes as biocatalysts of chemical modification and further extraction of gelatin from collagen. Compositions forming films with homogeneous shapes and good mechanical properties were selected (Tensile strength reaches 3.11 MPa, while the highest value of elongation at break is 97.96%). After administering the samples to microbial scaring, the composites completely decomposed under the action of microorganisms within 30 days, which proves their biodegradation.

Franchescoli Didier Velázquez-Herrera ◽  
Marta Lobo-Sánchez ◽  
Giovanna M. Carranza-Cuautle ◽  
Álvaro Sampieri ◽  
María del Rocío Bustillos-Cristales ◽  

2022 ◽  
Melih Şahinöz ◽  
Hüseyin Yılmaz ARUNTAŞ ◽  
Metin GÜRÜ

Abstract This paper deals with the processing of polymer wood composite material from pine cone and the binder of phenol formaldehyde/PVAc/molasses and improvement of its properties. The production of pine cone based polymer binding and molasses added composite material, and the development of the non-flammability, insect attack and water resistance properties of this material has been studied in the research. To this end, pine cone, polyvinyl acetate (PVAc), phenol-formaldehyde, molasses, hemp fiber and waste colemanite have been used in the production of composite materials. It is aimed to produce a cheaper composite material less harmful to human health using plant based waste materials. According to the results of the flexural strength test conducted in the laboratory, the most suitable composite material producing parameters were detected as 0.25 filler/binder (f/b) ratio, 35% molasses ratio, 100°C molding pressure temperature, 49 kg/cm2 molding pressure, 240 µm mean particle size, 20 minutes for molding pressure time, 20% PF ratio and 0.5% hemp fiber ratio. It was determined that molasses could be used at a ratio of 35% for producing composite materials and, PF resin and hemp fiber samples provide the necessary water resistance. It was observed that the colemanite waste used in the mixture adds the nonflammability property to the composite material and decreases flexural strength and screw withdrawal strength.

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