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2022 ◽  
Alejandro D. Domínguez-García

Discover a comprehensive set of tools and techniques for analyzing the impact of uncertainty on large-scale engineered systems. Providing accessible yet rigorous coverage, it showcases the theory through detailed case studies drawn from electric power application problems, including the impact of integration of renewable-based power generation in bulk power systems, the impact of corrupted measurement and communication devices in microgrid closed-loop controls, and the impact of components failures on the reliability of power supply systems. The case studies also serve as a guide on how to tackle similar problems that appear in other engineering application domains, including automotive and aerospace engineering. This is essential reading for academic researchers and graduate students in power systems engineering, and dynamic systems and control engineering.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Erjian Wei ◽  
Bin Hu ◽  
Jing Li ◽  
Kai Cui ◽  
Zhen Zhang ◽  

A rock creep constitutive model is the core content of rock rheological mechanics theory and is of great significance for studying the long-term stability of engineering. Most of the creep models constructed in previous studies have complex types and many parameters. Based on fractional calculus theory, this paper explores the creep curve characteristics of the creep elements with the fractional order change, constructs a nonlinear viscoelastic-plastic creep model of rock based on fractional calculus, and deduces the creep constitutive equation. By using a user-defined function fitting tool of the Origin software and the Levenberg–Marquardt optimization algorithm, the creep test data are fitted and compared. The fitting curve is in good agreement with the experimental data, which shows the rationality and applicability of the proposed nonlinear viscoelastic-plastic creep model. Through sensitivity analysis of the fractional order β2 and viscoelastic coefficient ξ2, the influence of these creep parameters on rock creep is clarified. The research results show that the nonlinear viscoelastic-plastic creep model of rock based on fractional calculus constructed in this paper can well describe the creep characteristics of rock, and this model has certain theoretical significance and engineering application value for long-term engineering stability research.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 567
Adrian Gambier

advanced control system design for large wind turbines is becoming increasingly complex, and high-level optimization techniques are receiving particular attention as an instrument to fulfil this significant degree of design requirements. Multiobjective optimal (MOO) control, in particular, is today a popular methodology for achieving a control system that conciliates multiple design objectives that may typically be incompatible. Multiobjective optimization was a matter of theoretical study for a long time, particularly in the areas of game theory and operations research. Nevertheless, the discipline experienced remarkable progress and multiple advances over the last two decades. Thus, many high-complexity optimization algorithms are currently accessible to address current control problems in systems engineering. On the other hand, utilizing such methods is not straightforward and requires a long period of trying and searching for, among other aspects, start parameters, adequate objective functions, and the best optimization algorithm for the problem. Hence, the primary intention of this work is to investigate old and new MOO methods from the application perspective for the purpose of control system design, offering practical experience, some open topics, and design hints. A very challenging problem in the system engineering application of power systems is to dominate the dynamic behavior of very large wind turbines. For this reason, it is used as a numeric case study to complete the presentation of the paper.

Complexity ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Maryam Zolfaghari-Nejad ◽  
Mostafa Charmi ◽  
Hossein Hassanpoor

In this work, we introduce a new non-Shilnikov chaotic system with an infinite number of nonhyperbolic equilibrium points. The proposed system does not have any linear term, and it is worth noting that the new system has one equilibrium point with triple zero eigenvalues at the origin. Also, the novel system has an infinite number of equilibrium points with double zero eigenvalues that are located on the z -axis. Numerical analysis of the system reveals many strong dynamics. The new system exhibits multistability and antimonotonicity. Multistability implies the coexistence of many periodic, limit cycle, and chaotic attractors under different initial values. Also, bifurcation analysis of the system shows interesting phenomena such as periodic window, period-doubling route to chaos, and inverse period-doubling bifurcations. Moreover, the complexity of the system is analyzed by computing spectral entropy. The spectral entropy distribution under different initial values is very scattered and shows that the new system has numerous multiple attractors. Finally, chaos-based encoding/decoding algorithms for secure data transmission are developed by designing a state chain diagram, which indicates the applicability of the new chaotic system.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 513
Kexue Zhang ◽  
Lei Kang ◽  
Xuexi Chen ◽  
Manchao He ◽  
Chun Zhu ◽  

Intelligent unmanned mining is a key process in coal mine production, which has direct impact on the production safety, coal output, economic benefits and social benefits of coal mine enterprises. With the rapid development and popularization of 5G+ intelligent mines and coal mine intelligent equipment in China, the intelligentization of intelligent unmanned mining has become an important research topic. Especially with the promulgation of some Chinese policies and regulations, intelligent unmanned mining technology has become one of the key technologies of coal mine production. To understand the connotation, status quo and development trends of intelligent unmanned mining, this paper takes the relationship between key technologies and engineering application of intelligent unmanned mining in China as the perspective. It is proposed that the intelligent unmanned mining technology is in the whole process of working face mining. A research structure of unmanned follow-up operation and safe patrol is changing to the mode of intelligent adaptive mining, followed by the basic concepts and characteristics of intelligent unmanned mining. Relevant researches that maybe beneficial to the proposed research content are reviewed in four layers, which include basic theory, key technology, mining mode, and overall design system theory and technology. Finally, the current intelligent unmanned mining mode and future trends in this field in China are summarized.

Geotechnics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 32-93
Guanxi Yan ◽  
Zi Li ◽  
Sergio Andres Galindo Torres ◽  
Alexander Scheuermann ◽  
Ling Li

This work reviews the transient two-phase flow in porous media with engineering applications in Geotechnics. It initially overviews constitutive relationships, conventional theories, and experiments. Then, corresponding limitations are discussed according to conflicting observations and multiphase interfacial dynamics. Based on those findings, the dynamic nonequilibrium effects were so defined, which could also be abbreviated as dynamic/transient effects. Four advanced theories have already been developed to resolve these effects. This review collects them and discusses their pros and cons. In addition, this work further reviews the state-of-art in terms of experimental methods, influential factors in dynamic/transient effects, and modelling performance, as well as micromodel and numerical methods at pore-scale. Last, the corresponding geotechnical applications are reviewed, discussing their applicability in effective stress, shear strength, and deformation. Finally, the entire review is briefed to identify research gaps in Geotechnics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Yang Chen ◽  
Baobin Xie ◽  
Bin Liu ◽  
Yuankui Cao ◽  
Jia Li ◽  

Compared with traditional alloys with one principal component up to 40–90%, multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs) were born in the complicated intermingling of traditional and non-traditional physical metallurgy, and brings us a great amount of excellent performances. Here, we would briefly summarize the potential applications in some key areas, which is helpful for latecomers to quickly and comprehensively understand this new alloy system. Especially, the applications of MPEAs in aerospace, industrial equipment, national defense, energy, navigation and so on are discussed roughly. Subsequently, several emerging areas have also been compared. Finally, some suggestions are given for the future development trend.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Guijun Luo ◽  
Chao Xiao ◽  
Yuan Liu ◽  
Kejun Feng ◽  
Qingguo Ren

Great practical significance and engineering application value can be achieved when the large amount of discharged soil produced by EPB shield tunnels is recycled and comprehensively utilized. As one of the key processes of shield construction, synchronous grouting needs a large amount of bentonite, cement, fly ash, sand, and other materials. The research on the reuse of shield muck as synchronous grouting material is carried out based on Zhengzhou subway project. The physical properties and phase of the discharged soil from EPB shield tunnels are studied by using laboratory tests and XRD. The statistics show that the shield muck meets the performance requirements of bentonite and fine sand in synchronous grouting materials. The optimal grout ratio of the reused muck is obtained based on the optimization idea of multiobjective programming by MATLAB. Considering the combined effect of seepage field, stress field, and the timeliness of the grout, the influences of grouting pressure and the filling rate of synchronous grouting on surface settlement, plastic zone of strata, and segment deformation are analyzed by using finite difference method. The results prove that the surface settlement and segment deformation can be better controlled when the grouting pressure is at 0.18 MPa and the grouting rate is at 120%–150%.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 467
Dandan Peng ◽  
Guoli Zhu ◽  
Dailin Zhang ◽  
Zhe Xie ◽  
Rui Liu ◽  

The visual measurement system plays a vital role in the disc cutter changing robot of the shield machine, and its accuracy directly determines the success rate of the disc cutter grasping. However, the actual industrial environment with strong noise brings a great challenge to the pose measurement methods. The existing methods are difficult to meet the required accuracy of pose measurement based on machine vision under the disc cutter changing conditions. To solve this problem, we propose a monocular visual pose measurement method consisting of the high precision optimal solution to the PnP problem (OPnP) method and the highly robust distance matching (DM) method. First, the OPnP method is used to calculate the rough pose of the shield machine’s cutter holder, and then the DM method is used to measure its pose accurately. Simulation results show that the proposed monocular measurement method has better accuracy and robustness than the several mainstream PnP methods. The experimental results also show that the maximum error of the proposed method is 0.28° in the direction of rotation and 0.32 mm in the direction of translation, which can meet the measurement accuracy requirement of the vision system of the disc cutter changing robot in practical engineering application.

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