Editorial: Supplementary Issue: 2021

Jeffrey Bin Abu Hassan ◽  
Elsa Haniffah Mejia Mohamed ◽  
Aneesa Abdul Rashid ◽  
Muhamad Yusri Musa ◽  
Nur Aizati Athirah Binti Daud ◽  

Abstract not availableInternational Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S3

Helmi Zakariah

Mankind in its historical narrative – almost always immodestly regards itself as the most intelligent among all God’s creation. Either through a self – label of “Homo Sapiens” (the wise men) or the dogma of being the Khalifah (leader) of the earth. But what does it mean by intelligence? What is the epistemology (origin) of our collective knowledge? And does it bring us closer to wisdom? These points that we commonly take for granted, must be examined continuously in our trending pursuit of translating (or, imposing) our thinking architecture to machine learning and Artificial Intelligence. From the origin of the commonly-used term “algorithm” in A.I. (spoiler: it was originally coined by a Muslim mathematician of the 9th century, of a similar-sounding name) to the interjunction of A.I. and the concept of Ihsan, this plenary intends to demystify A.I. and an attempt to harmonize this leap-of-faith tool, into a tool for the faithfulInternational Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 9

Muhammad Farid Bin Zainal Abidin ◽  
Nur Farhana Binti Zainan ◽  
Mafeitzeral Bin Mamat ◽  
Sivasankar Pubalan ◽  
Mohd Syahfadzreen Bin Yunus

Introduction: The district of Semporna, Sabah was majorly hit by the third wave surge of COVID-19 in September 2020. At the peak of the crisis, services in Semporna Hospital were paralyzed with 40 healthcare workers (HCW) found to be COVID-19 positive; contributing to 14% of the total manpower.Objectives: Due to the immediate crisis, the main priority was to control the spread of COVID- 19 amongst the Semporna Hospital HCWs. This was important to curb direct infection from handling suspected patients seeking treatment in Semporna Hospital. Based on the hospital capabilities and resources, a comprehensive modified protocol was needed to control the situation.Methods: Semporna Hospital pandemic emergency task force was established with the presence of multi department and specialties. Multiple issues were raised and attended to, especially; issue of preparedness, low PPE stock and Emergency Department infrastructure.Results: The number of Semporna Hospital HCWs infected with COVID-19 was minimal after the initial disaster. Emergency Department infrastructure was improvised, workflow processes modified, HCW protection education prioritized and complete PPE sets were stocked up. All these efforts were under the strict supervision of the infectious control unit. The presence of multiple units of Powered Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR) completed our adherence to the Ministry of Health (MOH) guidelines in managing the highly infectious level 4 patients for aerosolized generating procedures (AGP).Conclusion: This achievement can be used as a preparedness reference for other non-specialist district hospitals in Malaysia.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S21

Nur Aizati Athirah Daud ◽  
Veronica GK Williams ◽  
Zuraidah Daut ◽  
Zaharah Sulaiman

Introduction: Menstruation is the sign of menarche for female adolescents. Previous finding had reported a need for education to improve the knowledge on menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls living in rural Kelantan. However, the access of sanitary pads and the effect of menstruation on school attendance among this population have not been reported elsewhere.Objectives: To determine the prevalence of sanitary pads usage and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in rural Kelantan.Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among female students of Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Dangar in Pasir Mas, Kelantan between February and March 2019. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire in Bahasa Malaysia, which were administered by the school counselor.Results: A total of 172 respondents filled the questionnaires, with a mean age of 15 years (s.d. 1.4, range 13 to 17). Nearly half of them (n=78, 45.3%) are the daughters of laborers. Majority of them have fathers and mothers with the highest education level of SPM/STPM, while 7% have fathers with no proper schooling. Their mean age of menarche is 12. Majority of them claimed to use disposable sanitary pad (n=148, 87.2%) and would be wearing it every time during menstruation (n=148, 86.0%), while 4.7% used cloth pad. 40 (23.3%) of respondents would only stay at home during menstruation, mainly because they felt uncomfortable (5.8%) or having period pain (4.1%). 25 (14.5%) of the respondents used to be absent from school during menstruation, mainly due to period pain (12.2%).Conclusion: Disposable sanitary pad usage is highly prevalent among adolescents in this rural area, while menstruation have caused some of them to be absent from school.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 49

Aneesa Abdul Rashid ◽  
Hidayatul Radziah Ismawi

Introduction: The Malaysian Medical Gazette (MMG) is an online source of credible, informative and easily understandable articles for public consumption written by real doctors and healthcare professionals. Launched online at www.mmgazette.com by the Director General of Health, Malaysia. Among the articles published are those on Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD), namely dengue, melioidosis, rabies and leprosy. These diseases have caused signific a nt morbidity and mortality in Malaysia; hence they are aimed to educate the public.Objective: We aim to determine the number of views and entries of articles on NTDs in the MMG from July 2018 until June 2019.Methods: This is a cross-sectional study looking into data analytics of the MMG website. The number of unique views and entries (the first page that is directly linked to) on NTD articles are identified and compared to the total number of views and visits of the entire website.Results: There are a total of 4,739,949 of total views on the MMG website. Out of that a total of 40,772 (0.86%) are views on NTD articles. The MMG website received 1,436,969 total visits from July 2018 to June 2019, with 13, 850 (0.96%) unique to NTD articles. A total of 35,913 were views on dengue articles whereby 11,511 (32.1%) were the unique visits by users. Views in Bahasa were more popular (27,487) compared to English (8,426). Other NTD views were quite modest for Rabies (2,170), Leprosy (2,076) and Melioidosis (613) in the past year.Conclusion: We found users of MMG to have a high number of views, with more than 40,000 views on NTD articles. Users preferred articles on dengue, and in Bahasa Malaysia as opposed to the English language. More studies should investigate the preference of online health site user in Malaysia to reach and educate Malaysian users.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 52

Ahmad Faidhi MZ ◽  
Basri I

Introduction: Islam views life as a sacred entity that sanctioned utmost protection according to the Objective of Syariah (Maqasid Syariah). Immunization has historically and epidemiologically proven to safeguard human life (hifzun nafs) from life threatening communicable disease. Recent development witnesses increasing vaccine refusal and hesitancy (VHR) which would jeopardize global immunization effort and its desired noble outcome. Hence there is proposal from various party for the Ministry of Health to enact a mandatory immunization policy. This study aims to analyze mandatory immunization policy by governing rulers from Islamic perspective.Methods: This is a qualitative study. Document analysis from Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) references including some literature on Maqasid Syariah, Qawaid Fiqhiyyah and Siayah Syariah perspective. Interviews with expert from both Islamic scholars and clinicians was conducted.Results: The study recognizes that mass immunization to achieve herd immunity is considered communal obligation (fardhu kifayah). Islamic legal principles such as consideration of public interest (Masalih Mursalah) and blocking evil means (Sadd -az-Zaraie) as well as legal maxim (Qawaid Fiqhiyyah) to prevent harm (darar) would serve as basis to support this policy. The contemporary Islamic jurisprudence approach such as weighting preference (fiqh muwazanat) and considering implications (fiqh ma’alat) may justify the ruler’s action to enact mandatory immunization as in accordance with the principle of Siyasah Syariyyah that the rulers must safeguard the wellbeing of whole community.Conclusion: This study may serve as preliminary paper and reference to respective authorit y and policy makers on Islamic perspective towards mandatory immunization policy.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 34

Huzairi S ◽  
Nada SZ

Introduction: As of February 2018, around 900,000 Rohingyans have fled to Bangladesh to seek refuge – 80% of which were women and children.1 From satellite analyses, at least 288 villages were destroyed by fire in northern Rakhine since August 2017.2 As a tertiary medical facility catering to these refugees, the Malaysian Field Hospital (MFH) has attended to a myriad of diseases both physical and mental. The most challenging yet are burn injuries with deformities.Case 1: As a result of being torched alive, a Rohingyan woman was left with facial burns that caused visual and eating difficulties. Her scars had disfigured her so badly that her own children were terrified to look her in the face. Nonetheless, she persevered through her daily living.Case 2: A young boy who lost his father in a military attack sustained burn injuries to his left hand while escaping his burning house. As a result, he sustained a fixed deformity and total loss of function to the hand. Surgical intervention is due, however functional recovery is slim.Case 3: A young girl who sustained permanent contractures to her left foot came for treatment with MFH after many years of living with the disability. Fortunately for her, MFH was able to offer surgical intervention so she was able to regain function of her left foot.Discussion & Conclusion: While many are aware of the world’s fastest-growing humanitar ia n crisis, its origin, details and aftermath are scantily exposed. Burmese journalists have been pressured and their press freedom undermined by bureaucratic threats, budget constraints and difficult visa approvals for on-site reporting in Bangladesh.3 Volunteers should therefore share their experiences to raise awareness on the dire situation faced by refugees. However, while social media serves as a great platform to spread awareness, one has to be mindful of the refugee’s privacy and consent should be sought especially when photos and identities are shared.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 56

Andrew Tan Kie Kion ◽  
Nik Adilah Nik Othman

Introduction: Acute otitis media (AOM) is an otological disease that is usually self-limit ing. However, certain AOM complicates with abscess development over the deep neck cavity (Bezold's abscess), occiptal abscess (Citelli's) or beneath the temporal muscle (Luc's abscess). Luc's abscess was described as a more benign form of AOM that seldom require extensive surgical drainage.Case report: We report a case of a subperiosteal temporal bone abscess in an immunocompromised patient, which resolved with local drainage of abscess and cultureoriented antimicrobial.Conclusion: Luc's abscess is a rare form of the complication of otitis media, associated with relatively lower morbidity, better prognosis, and requires a limited surgical intervention. High resolution computed tomography (HRCT) temporal bone is highly recommended to evaluate the extent of the disease and to decide for further treatment strategy. The choice of surgery should also be tailored to the patient's premorbid factor.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 45

Kamarul Al Haqq Bin Abdul Ghani

Abstract not availableInternational Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 21

Chief Ediror

Abstract not availableInternational Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S1-S2

Dinsuhaimi Sidek

The Movement Control Order (MCO) due to the COVID-19 Pandemic implemented on18 March 2020 for Malaysia and the closing of the borders between Malaysia and Thailand caused a lot of strain on the Thai citizens working in Malaysia. Many of them were unable to do their usual job especially in the restaurants all over Malaysia.Efforts were taken by the NGOs and its sponsors in Thailand to relieve the Thai citizens’ suffering. On the 13th of April an agreement was signed between the Thai Islamic Medical Association of Thailand and ‘PertubuhanGabunganBantuanBencana NGO’ Malaysia (BBNGO) to support the Thai citizens in their daily life due to the difficulties during the MCO. Majority of those affected were the restaurant workers.According to reports there were about 40,000 Thai workers in Malaysia, most of whom worked in restaurants. On 18th April 2020 The Malaysian-Thai border was opened limitedly via five checkpoints, only 350 Thai citizens were allowed to cross each day. By early May 2020 more than 7,200 Thais have crossed the border including 2,100 who entered illegally by foot or small boats.Through the agreement between TIMA and BBNGO more than 400 packs of food supply were delivered to the Thai citizens mainly in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang, Penang, Perlis and Kedah. Information about their addresses and phone numbers were provided. Some were delivered direct to their homes while in some areas, they were asked to collect supplies from the nearby sundry shops. Knowing the difficulty of movement between districts during the MCO, the help of local NGOs was very much needed. The ‘Pertubuhan Ikram Malaysia’ (through its Yayasan Ikram/I-Bantu), having branches in many districts of Malaysia became our main partner. The SOPs were maintained during the deliveries. Due to our good, continuous cooperation and relationship since our engagement in the 2014 flood in Kelantan and the 2016/17 flood in Southern Thailand, we have managed to implement several humanitarian missions and social activities with the Thai Islamic Medical Association and its partners. Other BBNGO activities during the MCO include aid for the university students, fresh cooked food for the front-liners, preparation of PPEs, food supply for the poor and needy.COVID-19, you are a blessing in disguise; you bring our hearts together may it be citizens or non-citizens, people of all races and religion. May Allah blessthe human race and its submission to God.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S6

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