Every year, the Federation of Islamic Medical Association (FIMA) conducts a basic life support (BLS) course for the public, not just in one, but in several countries. It is held in mosques as a method of raising awareness on the importance of BLS among the public, apart from highlighting the function of a mosque as a place of obtaining knowledge. Traditionally, it was conducted as face-to-face training. However, with the 2019 novel coronavirus pandemic, the training was changed to a hybrid method to balance between the needs to teach BLS skills to the public and the necessity of avoiding the spread of infection. This article discussed the Islamic Medical Association of Malaysia (IMAM)’s experience in organizing a mass BLS course for public in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic while utilising a small mosque as a hub of learning.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 01 January’22 Page: 6-10
Objetivo: Determinar a evidência do efeito do exercício aeróbico no controlo das crises de enxaqueca. Fontes de dados: PubMed, National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE), The Cochrane Library, British Medical Journal (BMJ), Canadian Medical Association Infobase e Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Métodos: Foram pesquisados artigos de revisão sistemática (RS), meta-análises (MA) e normas de orientação clínica (NOC), em português, inglês e espanhol, sem limite de data de publicação, utilizando os termos MeSH migraine disorders e exercise. Foram também pesquisados estudos originais (EO) publicados nos últimos cinco anos. Incluíram-se os artigos que avaliavam o efeito do exercício aeróbico na frequência, duração e intensidade das crises de enxaqueca. A atribuição do nível de evidência (NE) e força de recomendação (FR) foi realizada com base na escala Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT), da American Academy of Family Physicians. Resultados: Da pesquisa efetuada obtiveram-se 69 artigos, tendo sido selecionados seis que cumpriam os critérios de inclusão: três RS com MA, uma RS e dois EO. Todos os artigos apresentaram NE 2. A maioria dos estudos incluídos favorece a prática de exercício físico como medida profilática das crises de enxaqueca; contudo, apresentam amostras pequenas, curtos períodos de intervenção e de follow-up e intervenções heterogéneas. Conclusão: Apesar de se considerar necessária a realização de mais ensaios clínicos para definir concretamente os efeitos a curto e longo prazo do exercício aeróbico na enxaqueca conclui-se que é possível recomendar a sua inclusão na abordagem profilática destes doentes (FR B).
Aim: Non-invasive prenatal testing is a method that determines the risk of a fetus being born with certain genetic abnormalities. In this study, we aimed to examine the quality of information on YouTube for non-invasive prenatal testing.
Methods: The term "Non-invasive prenatal testing" was entered in the YouTube search bar on May 1, 2021, and the top 50 YouTube videos of the non-invasive prenatal testing with the highest number of views were recorded after the exclusion of videos with a non-English language, videos repeated twice and irrelevant videos. Length of the videos, likes, and dislikes were recorded. Videos were evaluated by two obstetricians. A questionnaire consisting of 9 dichotomous questions was conducted to assess whether there was adequate information about non-invasive prenatal testing. In addition, video quality was evaluated with the Global Quality Scale, the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool and the Journal of the American Medical Association Benchmark Criteria.
Results: The mean Global Quality Scale was 2.96±0.62. Most videos answered the question: ‘What is non-invasive prenatal testing?’ (94%), and ‘How is non-invasive prenatal testing done?’ (82%). However, there was a lack of information about the limitation of non-invasive prenatal testing in certain situations (only %16 of videos answered limitations of non-invasive prenatal testing). Three (6%) of the videos had misinformation. The mean Global Quality Scale was 2.96±0.62. The Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool mean value was 72% and 58% in terms of understandability and actionability, respectively. The mean Journal of the American Medical Association Benchmark Criteria score was found as 1.4±0.8.
Conclusion: The videos posted about non-invasive prenatal testing on YouTube were of poor-moderate quality. If the quality of the videos increases, patients can have sufficient and accurate information about non-invasive prenatal, especially during these pandemic days.
Keywords: health information, prenatal diagnosis, online systems