Corona Virus
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2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 36-43
Author(s):  
Angelia Puspita Nugraheni ◽  
Sarmauli Purba ◽  
Devi Riani ◽  
Wahyuri ◽  
Nurizati

Bagi pengusaha, iklan/promosi adalah sarana untuk memperkenalkan produk, dan bagi masyarakat adalah sarana untuk medapatkan informasi mengenai suatu produk, sehingga masyarakat menjadi sangat tergantung pada iklan/promosi. Data dari BPS menunjukan terjadi lonjakan tajam penjualan online selama masa pandemi Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) yang antara lain dipengaruhi oleh kebijakan pemerintah untuk membatasi aktivitas di luar rumah. Kebutuhan suplemen kesehatan meningkat selama masa pandemi COVID-19, beberapa kali terjadi kekosongan stok karena panic buying. Momentum tersebut dapat dimanfaatkan pelaku usaha untuk mengiklankan/mempromosikan produk yang tidak sesuai ketentuan untuk meningkatkan penjualan produk, sehingga kemungkinan mengakibatkan tingkat pelanggaran iklan/promosi yang berbeda signifikan dengan sebelum pandemi COVID-19. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hasil pengawasan iklan/promosi suplemen kesehatan sebelum pandemi COVID-19 (Tahun 2018-2019) dan selama pandemi COVID-19 (Tahun 2020-Juli 2021) untuk mengetahui tingkat signifikansi perbedaan pelanggaran iklan/promosi sebelum dan selama pandemi, jenis media yang paling banyak dilaporkan melanggar selama masa pandemi COVID-19, jenis pelanggaran iklan/promosi dan 5 daerah di Indonesia yang melaporkan tingkat pelanggaran terbesar. Data yang dianalisis merupakan data sekunder hasil pengawasan iklan/promosi di seluruh Indonesia yang dikumpulan dari Tahun 2018 sampai 5 September 2021, yang dipeoleh dari Direktorat Pengawasan Obat Tradisional dan Suplemen Kesehatan. Data diolah secara deskriptif dan dengan metode chi-square untuk melihat signifikansi, dengan hasil terdapat perbedaan bermakna pelanggaran iklan/promosi sebelum dan selama pandemi COVID-19, media yang yang paling banyak melakukan pelanggaran adalah media internet, dengan jenis pelanggaran tertinggi adalah mengiklankan/mempromosikan produk dengan klaim berlebihan. Dua daerah di Indonesia yang masuk dalam sepuluh daerah pelanggaran terbesar sebelum dan selama pandemi COVID-19 adalah Jakarta dan Makassar.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ahmed B. Alarabi ◽  
Attayeb Mohsen ◽  
Kenji Mizuguchi ◽  
Fatima Z. Alshbool ◽  
Fadi T. Khasawneh

Abstract The severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly contagious virus that causes a severe respiratory disease known as Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID19). Indeed, COVID19 increases the risk of cardiovascular occlusive/thrombotic events and is linked to poor outcomes. The pathophysiological processes underlying COVID19-induced thrombosis are complex, and remain poorly understood. To this end, platelets play important roles in regulating our cardiovascular system, including via contributions to coagulation and inflammation. There is an ample of evidence that circulating platelets are activated in COVID19 patients, which is a primary driver of the thrombotic outcome observed in these patients. However, the comprehensive molecular basis of platelet activation in COVID19 disease remains elusive, which warrants more investigation. Hence, we employed gene co-expression network analysis combined with pathways enrichment analysis to further investigate the aforementioned issues. Our study revealed three important gene clusters/modules that were closely related to COVID19. Furthermore, enrichment analysis showed that these three modules were mostly related to platelet metabolism, protein translation, mitochondrial activity, and oxidative phosphorylation, as well as regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation, and apoptosis, suggesting a hyperactivation status of platelets in COVID19. We identified the three hub genes from each of three key modules according to their intramodular connectivity value ranking, namely: COPE, CDC37, CAPNS1, AURKAIP1, LAMTOR2, GABARAP MT-ND1, MT-ND5, and MTRNR2L12. Collectively, our results offer a new and interesting insight into platelet involvement in COVID19 disease at the molecular level, which might aid in defining new targets for treatment of COVID19–induced thrombosis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (02) ◽  
pp. 67-75
Author(s):  
Mohamad Wisnu Ibadi
Keyword(s):  

Penyakit yang disebabkan oleh Corona Virus 19 (COVID), menimbulkan pendemi wabah di seluruh dunia. Pandemi ini juga berlangsung di Indonesia sejak saat terdeteksi diawal Maret tahun 2020. Kondisi Pandemi ini menimbulkan banyak efek langsung maupun tidak langsung terhadap kegiatan manusia sehari-hari, termasuk dalam hal kegiatan sosial saat berhubungan dan berkomunikasi satu dengan lainnya. Dalam mengatasi pandemi, Pemerintah Indonesia mengeluarkan beberapa protokol kesehatan yang mengatur bagaimana warga negara berhubungan dan melakukan kegiatan sosial, yaitu menjaga jarak. memakai masker dan mencuci tangan (3M). Hal ini secara langsung maupun tidak langsung, menyebabkan perubahan manusia dalam melakukan komunikasi dan kegiatan sosialnya. Dalam penelitian ini, difokuskan kepada kegiatan manusia saat berkunjung atau bertamu ke rumah orang lain. Dimana kegiatan bertamu itu sangat lekat dengan pola kehidupan manusia Indonesia terkenal ramah dan senang melakukan hubungan silaturahmi ke teman, saudara atau tetangga yang biasa dilakukan di ruang tamu. Namun kondisi pandemic COVID menyebabkan suatu perubahan pola dan gaya hidup yang baru atau disebut New Normal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan sebuah kajian perancangan untuk menjadikan Teras Rumah sebagai Ruang Tamu New Normal.


Author(s):  
Jessica Patricia Pangaribuan ◽  
M. Aron Pase

Background: Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is the disease caused by 2019-nCoV/SARS-CoV-2, a novel β corona- virus of group 2B . COVID-19 has been reported to be associated with severe condition with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). D-dimer is a by product of fibrin degradation. It is widely recognized as a biomarker for thromboembolism and as a prognostic marker for critical patients. Methods: This study uses secondary data, which is obtained by looking at the contents of patient medical records at H. Adam Malik Medan Hospital between 2020-2021. The population of this study was all inpatients confirmed COVID-19 through an RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 swab examination. The study sample was obtained by the total sampling method, where all populations that meet the criteria of inclusion and exclusion are used as research samples. Patients were triaged as per severity on basis of national guidelines: asymptomatic, Mild (respiratory rate < 24/min, SpO2 >94% at room air), moderate (respiratory rate: 24-30/min, SpO2 90-94% at room air) and severe (respiratory rate >30/min SpO2 < 90%), ARDS and septic shock [6]. HbA1c implementation using HPLC methods and D-dimer is measured by ELISA method. Result: There were 163 patients consisting of 92 men and 71 women, the average age was 56.9±10.3 years, and HbA1c, FPG and PPG remained uncontrolled. There were no differences in age parameters of blood sugar profiles and D-dimers between men and women. D-dimers are significantly negatively correlated with PPG. Conclusion: Age, blood sugar profile and D-dimer did not differ significantly between men and women, and D-dimer had a correlation significantly with PPG on T2DM with COVID-19 patients. Keywords : D-dimer, T2DM, COVID-19


Author(s):  
Rym Asserraji Asserraji

The deadly and infectious disease Corona Virus also known as Covid19, has deeply shaken the global economy. This tragedy has also affected the education sector, and this fear is likely to reverberate across the education sector universally. Various schools, colleges, and universities have discontinued in-person teaching. According to the assessment of the researchers, it is uncertain to get back to normal teaching anytime soon. Hence, social distancing is dominant at this stage, a fact that will have negative outcomes on learning opportunities. As it is stated by Stanley (2019:8), Educational units are struggling to find options to deal with this challenging situation. These circumstances make us realize that scenario planning is an urgent need for academic institutions. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to shed light on the challenges of remote teaching during the Covid19 pandemic on teachers at the university level and to try to figure out the possible resolutions and recommendations to develop distance teaching. A questionnaire has been designed as the major data collection instrument to carry out the investigation. The respondents are university professors affiliated with public and private universities in Morocco. Concerning the findings of the study, the respondents believe that remote teaching is extremely challenging due to a variety of factors and it is not effective at all.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Alfian Thomas ◽  
◽  
Hassnah Wee ◽  
Faiz Izwan Anuar ◽  
Norliza Aminudin ◽  
...  

The Novel Corona Virus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak has decreased international students’ enrolment in public and private educational institutions. The educational tourism industry can achieve better benefits if the service providers and policymakers become more proactive in understanding educational tourist behaviour when dealing with challenges during the pandemic. This study examines whether educational tourist and institutional physiognomies affect the relationship between motivation facets and destination selection behaviour within an augmented Stimuli-Organism-Response (S-O-R) model. This paper analyses the issues and objectives for the forthcoming study through several works of literature from various disciplines. The outcomes of the review proposed a conceptual framework to extend the S-O-R model in future research focusing on the relationship between educational tourist motivational facets, educational tourist and institution physiognomies, and destination selection behaviour.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (15) ◽  
pp. e419101523048
Author(s):  
Eneida Guerra Silvetrim ◽  
Michael Raphael Soares Vieira ◽  
Fernanda Guerra Silvestrim ◽  
Arlindo Almeida de Lima Filho ◽  
Aixa Braga Lopes
Keyword(s):  

Algumas empresas em todo mundo aplicam de forma corriqueira medidas de desenvolvimento em estratégias de negócios. A pandemia de COVID-19, provocada pelo novo corona vírus, além de causar perdas de vidas, afetou diretamente a economia mundial e forçou as empresas a se adaptar neste contexto de pandemia. Diante desta problemática, o objetivo geral deste trabalho foi identificar quais as estratégias empresariais que as empresas de nível local, regional e internacional aplicaram para se adaptar no contexto da pandemia do COVID-19 no mundo. Este artigo optou pela metodologia qualitativa, foi utilizado a pesquisa bibliográfica, para melhor abordar os problemas enfrentados pelas corporações, identificando procedimentos para ter resiliência diante desta nova realidade. Como resultado, as empresas passaram a buscar ajuda em bancos através de novas linhas de crédito oferecidas pelos governos, adaptar-se a decretos em novos horários de trabalho e a alternativas trabalhistas que possibilitaram o afastamento temporário, redução de trabalho e salário e demissões com pagamento de rescisões parceladas, ou férias coletivas, a proceder ajustes nas condições higiênico sanitárias  para que pudessem proceder com o atendimento ao público e elevar seus investimentos em mídias digitais.  O estudo concluiu, que alguns segmentos, utilizando muitos esforços, apresentaram crescimento, trazendo certa estabilidade à economia e impulsionando a adoção de novas estratégias econômicas. Em contrapartida, ainda existem situações delicadas que merecem um olhar mais atento quanto ao nível de desemprego e combate à pobreza, que ainda se encontram em níveis muito elevados.


Author(s):  
Sumanta Bhattacharya

With 75% of the health are expenditure comes from the people of India , the rest is by the government , the government spends only 1.6% of the GDP on health care sector , there is major problems in our health care sector starting from shortage of beds , to lack of doctors and nurses , the difference in the quality of treatment in the urban and rural areas as well as in private and public hospitals . The doctors even limit themselves to the private hospital because of maximum facilities , the cost of treatment is so high that half of the people die out of loan , The government during this catastrophic has provided and increased its budget for the treatment and for public health care facilities but that is not enough during at one time . around 1.8 million people have died in the pandemic situation , in India only 2 % of the people have been vaccinated . India has entered the second wave of corona virus , when it comes to rural India , there is hardly any facility available , especially for the pregnant women and its child during this COVID-19 pandemic . There is lack of medical facilities in India both rural and urban , infrastructural and human resources to cure the people . India is being dependent on other countries for import of oxygen cylinders , India is the global hotspot of COVID at present . Keywords: health care, expenditure, covid-19, budget, GDP, vaccinated, catastrophic


Author(s):  
Dr. P. Mari Selvam ◽  
◽  
Dr. A. Gomathi ◽  

The corona virus which causes a highly infectious of Corona virus disease (COVID-19) that has affected more than 4 lakh people in around the world. Since it has been increased during the pandemic period online shopping usage, rural, urban and globally. In the current scenario many youngster’s changing the attitude has purchased to online shopping because social distancing and self-quarantine efforts. Hence the online shopping promoters like Amazon, flip kart, Reliance digital and other agencies are for the time being too given the importance its available fulfilment and logistics facility to serve the basic needs such as household products, packaged food, health care, hygiene, personal safety and other high priority products. It is for the time being going to taking orders for lower-priority to high priority products. In this study to analyze the impact of online buying behaviour increased in after pandemic period.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
João Arthur da Silva ◽  
Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva ◽  
Jeovanna Cordeiro de Sousa Brito ◽  
Letícia Beatriz de Lima ◽  
Maria Clara Monteiro de Macedo

Introdução: O Programa Nacional de Imunização – PNI tem como objetivo reduzir os riscos de doenças prevalentes na infância. Com a situação atual de calamidade pública decretado pela pandemia da doença corona vírus 2019 (covid-19), as medidas de distanciamento social afetaram os atendimentos de vacinação de rotina e campanhas vacinais. Objetivo: Avaliação do impacto da pandemia do covid-19 na cobertura vacinal em crianças. Material e métodos: Realizou-se uma pesquisa nos sistemas de informações de imunizações e uma pesquisa bibliográfica descritiva, utilizando as bases de dados da Scielo e PubMed com os descritores: COVID-19, vaccination coverage e child health. Resultados: Segundo o PNI as coberturas vacinais no Brasil estão baixas e heterogêneas desde 2019 e os dados agravaram em 2020. Na XXII Jornada Nacional de Imunização foi apresentado que nenhuma das vacinas obtiveram a meta mínima da cobertura vacinal, de 90% ou 95% dependendo do imunobiológico, de 2019 a 2020. Os motivos da baixa cobertura vacinal estão relacionados à diminuição do acesso da população aos serviços de saúde, taxa de abandono, como também barreiras socioculturais contrárias à vacinação. Durante a pandemia, para redução da transmissibilidade da doença, houve a redução dos atendimentos presenciais, comprometendo o deslocamento da família para a vacinação, o que diminuiu a cobertura vacinal nas crianças, principalmente nas menores de 1 ano. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a pandemia trouxe desafios e prejuízos em todas as esferas do cuidado à saúde, como também na vacinação. É importante relembrar e ressaltar que a imunização é a melhor forma de prevenir doenças na infância e precisa ser realizada, evitando riscos à saúde coletiva e o retorno de doenças já controladas.


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