Forum Chair: COVID-19: The Pandemic that Unites

Author(s):  
Muhamad Yusri Musa

The pandemic caused by the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused enormous challenges to almost every aspect of life worldwide. In Malaysia, one of the earliest nations affected by the pandemic has responded valiantly both by the government through the Ministry of Health (MOH) and various groups in the communities especially by the Non-Governmental Associations (NGO) to fight the virus and adversities caused by pandemic. The support of NGOs in Malaysia has tremendously assisted the country and supports the Ministry of Health’s efforts to flatten the infection curve successfully during the nationwide lockdown started in March. Here, we selected 4 organisations that have directly contributed in various ways and methods which was utterly unique and inspiring. Their immense efforts and contributions in helping multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi nationalities people may go unnoticed but the impact to the recipients were beyond words.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S5

2020 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 253-270
Author(s):  
Leo Agustino

This article discusses the efforts of the Indonesian Government in handling the outbreak of Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19). The handling strategies assessed by understanding the efforts, steps, and policies formulated and implemented by the government while the analysis used a deliberative policy analysis approach was used. This approach analyzes the narratives and arguments of the authorities to understand the decision making and policy implementation. The research used a qualitative approach by utilizing descriptive analysis methods. Then the data collection technique used literature studies. The findings found that, first, negative narratives and the slow response of the government. Before COVID-19 approached Indonesia, narratives delivered by the elite government showed that there was no sense of crisis so that it slow-down decision making. Second, weak coordination, especially between the central government and regional governments. This asynchronous coordination created uncertain handling for the control of Coronavirus. Third, citizen ignorance or disobey government instruction. The impact is, the handling effort has stalled because it is not supported by the wider community. The combination of these three factors complicates the government's efforts to control the outbreak of COVID-19 in Indonesia. Keywords: Indonesia, COVID-19, Coronavirus, Handling, Policy Abstrak Artikel ini mendiskusikan mengenai upaya Pemerintah Indonesia dalam menangani kasus penyebaran virus korona (Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19). Dengan memahami upaya, langkah, dan kebijakan yang diformulasi dan diimplementasikan oleh pemerintah maka dapat dinilai strategi penanganan tersebut. Untuk menganalisis kasus ini, pendekatan deliberative policy analysis digunakan. Pendekatan ini menganalisis narasi dan argumentasi pihak berwenang untuk memahami pembuatan keputusan dan pelaksanaan kebijakan. Penulisan artikel ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan memanfaatkan metode deskriptif analisis. Sementara itu, teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah studi kepustakaan yang memanfaatkan buku, artikel jurnal, surat kabar, berita online, serta website lembaga-lembaga otoritatif. Temuan penting dari tulisan ini adalah, pertama, narasi negatif dan lambannya respons pemerintah atas penyebaran COVID-19. Narasi-narasi yang disampaikan oleh elite politik sebelum COVID-19 masuk ke Indonesia menunjukkan nihilnya perasaan adanya krisis (sense of crisis) yang mengancam sehingga memperlambat pengambilan keputusan. Kedua, lemahnya koordinasi antar-stakeholder, khususnya antara pemerintah pusat dan pemerintah daerah. Ketidaksinkronan koordinasi ini mengakibatkan pengendalian virus korona menjadi terkatung-katung. Ketiga, ketidakacuhan atau ketidakpatuhan warga atas himbauan pemerintah. Impaknya, upaya penanganan menjadi tersendat karena tidak didukung oleh masyarakat luas. Kombinasi dari ketiga faktor inilah yang memperumit upaya pemerintah untuk mengendalikan penyebaran COVID-19 di Indonesia. Kata Kunci: Indonesia, COVID-19, Virus Korona, Penanganan, Kebijakan


Author(s):  
Muhammad Farid Bin Zainal Abidin ◽  
Nur Farhana Binti Zainan ◽  
Mafeitzeral Bin Mamat ◽  
Sivasankar Pubalan ◽  
Mohd Syahfadzreen Bin Yunus

Introduction: The district of Semporna, Sabah was majorly hit by the third wave surge of COVID-19 in September 2020. At the peak of the crisis, services in Semporna Hospital were paralyzed with 40 healthcare workers (HCW) found to be COVID-19 positive; contributing to 14% of the total manpower.Objectives: Due to the immediate crisis, the main priority was to control the spread of COVID- 19 amongst the Semporna Hospital HCWs. This was important to curb direct infection from handling suspected patients seeking treatment in Semporna Hospital. Based on the hospital capabilities and resources, a comprehensive modified protocol was needed to control the situation.Methods: Semporna Hospital pandemic emergency task force was established with the presence of multi department and specialties. Multiple issues were raised and attended to, especially; issue of preparedness, low PPE stock and Emergency Department infrastructure.Results: The number of Semporna Hospital HCWs infected with COVID-19 was minimal after the initial disaster. Emergency Department infrastructure was improvised, workflow processes modified, HCW protection education prioritized and complete PPE sets were stocked up. All these efforts were under the strict supervision of the infectious control unit. The presence of multiple units of Powered Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR) completed our adherence to the Ministry of Health (MOH) guidelines in managing the highly infectious level 4 patients for aerosolized generating procedures (AGP).Conclusion: This achievement can be used as a preparedness reference for other non-specialist district hospitals in Malaysia.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2021 Page: S21


2020 ◽  
Vol 2 ◽  
pp. 566-570
Author(s):  
Mukhlis Mukhlis ◽  
Hayatul Ismi ◽  
Emilda Firdaus ◽  
Maria Maya Lestari ◽  
Adlin Adlin

With the increasing number of Covid-19 cases in Indonesia, including in Riau Province, it is necessary to implement Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB). PSBB is one way to reduce the impact of Covid-19. PSBB has currently been implemented in 10 regions in Indonesia as part of efforts to prevent the corona virus. The Central Government through the Ministry of Health has approved Pekanbaru to implement the PSBB. The main reason for implementing PSBB in dealing with the Covid-19 corona virus is because physical distancing, which has been carried out so far, is ineffective in the community. On that basis, the government strengthened the policy of physical restrictions for the community by implementing PSBB in the regions. It is necessary to do the socialization of PSBB and this Perwako, so that the public knows the Rules about PSBB. The service activity aims to provide guidance to the people of Pekanbaru City regarding Corona and PSBB, because Pekanbaru City is one of the cities that is a transit point. The implementation of activities to increase public knowledge about PSBB and Perwako was successful. This can be seen from changes in the behavior of people who were previously reluctant to wear masks, then have started wearing masks when they go out, as can be seen from the behavior of people who have avoided people's hassles and tried to keep their distance. The community also complies with large-scale social restrictions set by the government, this can be seen from the minimum community activity at night outside the home.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-58
Author(s):  
Wildan Tantowi ◽  
N.G.A.N Ajeng Saraswati ◽  
Viola Sekarayu Gayatri

This research examines the problems arising from the criminal law policy of imposing the death penalty for corruptors during the Covid-19 pandemic. C. Law Number 31 of 1999 which has been amended by Law Number 20 of 2001 concerning the Eradication of Corruption Crimes is one of the weapons to fight corruption in Indonesia, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic as a national non-natural disaster which has been a serious concern of the government.  In the event of corruption cases occur during the Covid-19 pandemic, such criminal cases should be tackled in an extraordinary and special way because the impact of Covid-19 pandemic has affected all sectors of life, one of which is the economy. Considering the Covid-19 pandemic, it is appropriate if Indonesia is currently categorized under certain conditions. It means that this condition implies that if a criminal act of corruption occurs during the Covid-19 pandemic, law enforcers can prosecute or impose a death penalty for corruption perpetrators as stipulated in Article 2 paragraph (1) and (2) of the Corruption Eradication Law. This research used the normative legal method which is carried out through literature study with the aim of writing the article to find out what weaknesses can lead to juridical problems with the enforcement of the death penalty against corruptors in Indonesia and to analyze the urgency of criminal law policy n the imposition of the death penalty for corruptors during the Covid-19 pandemic.


2020 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 132
Author(s):  
Yohanes Meindra Prakoso ◽  
Boris Ramadhika

COVID-19 and earthquake disaster both give effect in Tourism Attraction, then in this study will compare the difference impact between COVID-19 and earthquake disaster, especially in Yogyakarta. This study deals with the hospitality industry condition during Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) and earthquake disaster in Yogyakarta 2006. This study is to seek an answer to these two research questions: 1. What is the effect of the COVID-19 virus on Tourism Attraction in Yogyakarta? 2. Is the impact of the COVID-19 virus on Tourism attractions in Yogyakarta has a more severe impact than an earthquake in 2006? From the results of this study, it was found that COVID-19 is more dangerous than earthquakes, particularly in the economy sector. The method used in this study is a descriptive qualitative method; the problem that can be investigated by qualitative descriptive research refers to quantitative studies, comparative studies (comparisons). The data to support this study was taken from journals, books, websites, government documents, and any other sources or articles.


2020 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 117-125
Author(s):  
I Ketut Seregig ◽  
Bambang Hartono ◽  
Budi Waskito

This article is data obtained from interviews with traders in traditional and modern markets about the impact of criminal acts due to the corona virus outbreak in Indonesia. The data is supported by secondary data collected from official sources, among others published by the ministry of trade and other social media. The purpose of writing this article is to provide input on a corona virus epidemic prevention plan and mitigate the impact of criminal acts due to hoax news related to corona virus outbreaks. The impact of the corona virus outbreak in the community is the accumulation of protective masks that cause the price of masks to rise in the market, the spread of hoaxes by people who are not responsible, among others; hoax news with the contents "corona virus cannot stand the heat", and "red ginger, kaempferiagalanga, curcuma, pepper are considered as drugs that can fight the corona virus" which results in an increase in the price of rhizomes and spices and is becoming rare in the traditional market. The stakeholders under the coordination of the Coordinating Ministers undertook strategic actions including the National Police and the Ministry of Health and the Regional Head who carried out market operations for the distribution of masks, ginger and spices distribution in traditional markets. As a result, the team formed by the National Police, assisted by the Ministry of Health, succeeded in capturing mask hoarders in the Jakarta area. The hoarders are prosecuted by carrying out law enforcement and bringing the perpetrators to justice.


Author(s):  
Berru Amalianita ◽  
Ifdil Ifdil ◽  
Rima Pratiwi Fadli ◽  
Nilma Zola ◽  
Yola Eka Putri

A novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak began in Wuhan, China, has been named corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019. The first cases of  COVID-19 was reported in Indonesia on 2 March 2020. All caused global panic, fears, anxiety  around the coronavirus have been especially amplified by social media. During coroan virus outbreak, disinformation and false reports have bombarded social media and stoked unfounded anxiety among Indonesian society. This research, therefore, aims to analyze the impact social media and anxiety level during COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia. This research Cross-Sectional research was online conducted  during March 22 -25, 2020. The procedure of this research is  Indonesian citizens old were invited to participant online survey thought Survey Monkey platform. There are 1543  participant  form aged 17 to 60 Year and form several province and region in Indonesia. The instrumen useing  the DASS was to modify patients’ anxiety. Data analyzed using JASP (Jeffrey's Amazing Statistics Program). The research showed that respondents anxiety in the very haviness category with the highest anxiety when the duration of social media access more than 6 hours in a day. The anxiety base of aspect in watching/reading  have a higher, then Imagine and  listening when access social media about corona virus among Indonesia society. Social media use is complex reading or watching  lots of news about coronavirus has led to anxiety.


Populasi ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 52
Author(s):  
Dewi Middia Martanti ◽  
Florentz Magdalena ◽  
Natalia Pipit D. Ariska ◽  
Nia Setiyawati ◽  
Waydewin C. B. Rumboirusi

Even though the informal labour still dominates Indonesia workforce, the trend of formal labour increases each year. BPS data shows that in 2015, the percentage of formal labor reached 42,25 percent. Then it increased to 44,28 percent in 2019. As a capital-intensive sector, formal sector supports economy of Indonesia, because it is relatively safe or less prone to shut down. However, the determination of the global pandemic status on March 11, 2020 due to Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) has hit the world economy, including Indonesia. To suppress the spread of Covid-19, people are asked to work, study, or pray from home. This causes many companies suffer losses and even close their businesses, thus impacting workers. Based on data from the Ministry of Manpower 13 April 2020 as many as 1.2 million formal labour have been furloughed and 212.4 thousand have been laid off. This study aims to observe the trends of formal labour in Indonesia and the impact of Covid-19 on formal labour in Indonesia. This study uses secondary data obtained from various sources which are analyzed descriptively.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Vinicius V. L. Albani ◽  
Jennifer Loria ◽  
Eduardo Massad ◽  
Jorge P. Zubelli

We present a novel methodology for the stable rate estimation of hospitalization and death related to the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) using publicly available reports from various distinct communities. These rates are then used to estimate underreported infections on the corresponding areas by making use of reported daily hospitalizations and deaths. The impact of underreporting infections on vaccination strategies is estimated under different disease-transmission scenarios using a Susceptible-Exposed-Infective-Removed-like (SEIR) epidemiological model.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Dewi Yermawati Enjhela

AbstractIndonesia is one of the countries that has also been affected by the corona virus or covid-19 which originated from China, to be precise in the city of Wuhan. In early 2020 the corona virus or covid-19 began to enter the country of Indonesia. The corona virus has had a huge impact on the lives of Indonesian people, both positive and negative impacts. Communities affected by covid-19 are increasing day after day, but now to be precise in 2021 the increase in covid-19 infections is not as fast as 2020. And the impact is slowly being controlled by both the government and most Indonesians. The Indonesian people are now able to adjust to life in the midst of this Covid-19 pandemic, even the hospitality that faded at the beginning of Covid-19 entering Indonesia is now starting to slowly be shown by the Indonesian people. This paper aims to provide information about Covid-19 in Indonesia and the Christian hospitality that should be practiced by the Indonesian people, especially believers or Christians. This research uses a qualitative approach with theological research type and social descriptive research


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