scholarly journals A Novel Heterozygous Pathogenic Variation in CYCS Gene Cause Autosomal Dominant Non-Syndromic Thrombocytopenia 4 in a Large Chinese Family

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Fengyu Che ◽  
Jiangang Zhao ◽  
Yujuan Zhao ◽  
Zhi Wang ◽  
Liyu Zhang ◽  

Aim: To determine the etiology of a Chinese family with thrombocytopenia by analyzing the clinical features and genetic variation.Methods: Clinical profiles and genomic DNA extracts of the family members were collected for the study. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing was used to detect the associated genetic variation and verify the family co-segregation respectively. Bioinformatics analysis assessed the pathogenicity of missense mutations.Results: The study reported a 3-generation pedigree including eight family members with thrombocytopenia. The platelet counts of the patients were varied, ranging from 38 to 110 × 109/L (reference range: 150–450 x 109/L). The mean volumes and morphology of the sampled platelet were both normal. The bleeding abnormality and mitochondriopathy were not observed in all the patients. Clinical signs of thrombocytopenia were mild. A novel heterozygous missense variant c.79C > T (p.His27Tyr) was identified in CYCS gene associated with autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia.Conclusion: We report the first large family with autosomal dominant non-syndromic thrombocytopenia 4 in a Chinese family, a novel heterozygous missense variant c.79C > T (p.His27Tyr) was identified. The whole exome sequencing is an efficient tool for screening the variants specifically associated with the disease. The finding enriches the mutation spectrum of CYCS gene and laid a foundation for future studies on the correlation between genotype and phenotype.

2016 ◽  
Vol 2016 ◽  
pp. 1-8 ◽  
Yu Zhou ◽  
Yaru Zhai ◽  
Lulin Huang ◽  
Bo Gong ◽  
Jie Li ◽  

Congenital cataract is the most common cause of the visual disability and blindness in childhood. This study aimed to identify gene mutations responsible for autosomal dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) in a Chinese family using next-generation sequencing technology. This family included eight unaffected and five affected individuals. After complete ophthalmic examinations, the blood samples of the proband and two available family members were collected. Then the whole exome sequencing was performed on the proband and Sanger sequencing was applied to validate the causal mutation in the two family members and control samples. After the whole exome sequencing data were filtered through a series of existing variation databases, a heterozygous mutation c.499T<G (p.E167X) in CRYBB2 gene was found. And the results showed that the mutation cosegregated with the disease phenotype in the family and was absolutely absent in 1000 ethnicity-matched control samples. Thus, the heterozygous mutation c.499T<G (p.E167X) in CRYBB2 was the causal mutation responsible for this ADCC family. In conclusion, our findings revealed a novel stopgain mutation c.499T<G (p.E167X) in the exon 6 of CRYBB2 which expanded the mutation spectrum of CRYBB2 in Chinese congenital cataract population and illustrated the important role of CRYBB2 in the genetics research of congenital cataract.

2020 ◽  
pp. 014556132091062
Yongli Zhang ◽  
Qi Tang ◽  
Ruoyan Xue ◽  
Xiaohui Zhu ◽  
Hua Yang ◽  

Background: Otosclerosis is a focal lesion of the inner ear. The role of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of otosclerosis has received increasing attention. We analyzed the clinical manifestations, inheritance pattern, and pathogenic genes in a family with otosclerosis. Methods: We collected clinical data and generated a family pedigree. High-throughput second-generation sequencing technology was used to identify candidate genes by performing whole-exome sequencing of 7 members of the family, and Sanger sequencing was performed to validate candidate gene mutations in the 7 family members. Results: Otosclerosis was characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance in this family. Whole-exome sequencing did not reveal mutation sites in known deafness-related genes. However, a c.2209A > G (p.T737A) mutation was detected in exon 6 of the SP1 gene, which is associated with the COL1A1 gene. This mutation was a pathogenic mutation, and Sanger sequencing confirmed that this mutation cosegregated with the clinical phenotype among the family members. Conclusions: The pattern of otosclerosis in this family is consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance, and the SP1 gene, harboring the c.2209A > G (p.T737A) mutation in exon 6, may be the causative gene of otosclerosis in this family.

2021 ◽  
Zhi-Bo Lin ◽  
Jin Li ◽  
Hai-Sen Sun ◽  
A-Yong Yu ◽  
Shi-Hao Chen ◽  

Abstract Background: Congenital cataract-microcornea syndrome (CCMC) is characterized by the association of congenital cataract and microcornea without any other systemic anomaly or dysmorphism. Although several causative genes have been reported in patients with CCMC, the genetic etiology of CCMC is yet to be clearly understood. Purpose: To unravel the genetic cause of autosomal dominant family with CCMC.Methods: All patients and available family members underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic clinical examination in the hospital by expert ophthalmologists and carried out to clinically diagnosis. All the patients were screened by whole-exome sequencing and then validated using co-segregation by Sanger sequencing. Results: Four CCMC patients from a Chinese family, and five unaffected family members were enrolled in this study. Using whole-exome sequencing, missense mutation c.295G>T (p.a99s, NM_003106.4) in the SOX2 gene was identified and validated by segregation analysis. In addition, this missense mutation was predicted to be damaging by multiple predictive tools. Variant p.Ala99Ser was located in a conservation high mobility group (HMG)-box domain in SOX2 protein, with a potential pathogenic impact of p.Ala99Ser on protein level.Conclusions: A novel missense mutation (c.295G>T, p.Ala99Ser) in the SOX2 gene was found in this Han Chinese family with congenital cataract and microcornea. Our study firstly determined that mutations in SOX2 were associated with CCMC, warranting further investigations on the pathogenesis of this disorder. This result expands the mutation spectrum of SOX2 and provides useful information to study the molecular pathogenesis of CCMC.

2019 ◽  
Vol 32 (12) ◽  
pp. 1385-1389
Aman Ullah ◽  
Ranjha Khan ◽  
Muhammad Naeem

Abstract Background Familial hypokalemic periodi9c paralysis (hypoKPP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by episodic paralytic attacks caused by fall in blood potassium. CACNA1S, SCN4A or KCNJ2 variants can cause hypoKPP. Case presentation We investigated a Pakistani family affected with autosomal dominant familial hypoKPP through whole exome sequencing (WES). A heterozygous KCNJ2 missense variant c.919A > G was found segregating with the disease phenotype in the family. Conclusions The KCNJ2 missense variant is the likely cause of the disorder in the affected family. The finding should help improve antenatal screening and genetic counselling of this family.

2018 ◽  
Guohui Liu ◽  
Ziying Yang ◽  
Weiwei Chen ◽  
Junguang Xu ◽  
Liangwei Mao ◽  

PurposeCardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death globally. In which atrioventricular block (AVB) is a common disorder with genetic causes, but the responsible genes have not been fully identified yet. To determine the underlying causative genes involved in cardiac AVB, here we report a three-generation Chinese family with severe autosomal dominant cardiac AVB that has been ruled out as being caused by known genes mutations.MethodsWhole-exome sequencing was performed in five affected family members across three generations, and co-segregation analysis was validated on other members of this family.ResultsWhole-exome sequencing and subsequent co-segregation validation identified a novel germline heterozygous point missense mutation, c.49287C>A (p.N16429K), in the titin (TTN, NM_001267550.2) gene in all 5 affected family members, but not in the unaffected family members. The point mutation is predicted to be functionally deleterious by in-silico software tools. Our finding was further supported by the conservative analysis across species.ConclusionBased on this study, TTN was identified as a potential novel candidate gene for autosomal dominant AVB; this study expands the mutational spectrum of TTN gene and is the first to implicate TTN mutations as AVB disease causing in a Chinese pedigree.

Qing Li ◽  
Chengfeng Wang ◽  
Wei Li ◽  
Zaiqiang Zhang ◽  
Shanshan Wang ◽  

AbstractPontine autosomal dominant microangiopathy and leukoencephalopathy (PADMAL) is a rare hereditary cerebral small vessel disease. We report a novel collagen type IV alpha 1 (COL4A1) gene mutation in a Chinese family with PADMAL. The index case was followed up for 6 years. Neuroimaging, whole-exome sequencing, skin biopsy, and pedigree analysis were performed. She initially presented with minor head injury at age 38. MRI brain showed chronic lacunar infarcts in the pons, left thalamus, and right centrum semiovale. Extensive workup was unremarkable except for a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Despite anticoagulation, PFO closure, and antiplatelet therapy, the patient had recurrent lacunar infarcts in the pons and deep white matter, as well as subcortical microhemorrhages. Whole-exome sequencing demonstrated a novel c.*34G > T mutation in the 3′ untranslated region of COL4A1 gene. Skin biopsy subsequently demonstrated thickening of vascular basement membrane, proliferation of endothelial cells, and stenosis of vascular lumen. Three additional family members had gene testing and 2 of them were found to have the same heterozygous mutation. Of the 18 individuals in the pedigree of 3 generations, 12 had clinical and MRI evidence of PADMAL. The mechanisms of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are likely the overexpression of COLT4A1 in the basement membrane and frugality of the vessel walls. Our findings suggest that the novel c.*34G > T mutation appears to have the same functional consequences as the previously reported COL4A1 gene mutations in patients with PADMAL and multi-infarct dementia of Swedish type.

2019 ◽  
Vol 2019 ◽  
pp. 1-7 ◽  
Qin Xiang ◽  
Lamei Yuan ◽  
Yanna Cao ◽  
Hongbo Xu ◽  
Yunfeiyang Li ◽  

Background/Aims. Corneal dystrophies (CDs) belong to a group of hereditary heterogeneous corneal diseases which result in visual impairment due to the progressive accumulation of deposits in different corneal layers. So far, mutations in several genes have been responsible for various CDs. The purpose of this study is to identify gene mutations in a three-generation Hui-Chinese family associated with granular corneal dystrophy type I (GCD1). Methods. A three-generation Hui-Chinese pedigree with GCD1 was recruited for this study. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography, and confocal microscopy were performed to determine the clinical features of available members. Whole exome sequencing was performed on two patients to screen for potential disease-causing variants in the family. Sanger sequencing was used to test the variant in the family members. Results. Clinical examinations demonstrated bilaterally abundant multiple grayish-white opacities in the basal epithelial and superficial stroma layers of corneas of the two patients. Whole exome sequencing revealed that a heterozygous missense mutation (c.1663C > T, p.Arg555Trp) in the transforming growth factor beta-induced gene (TGFBI) was shared by the two patients, and it cosegregated with this disease in the family confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Conclusions. The results suggested that the heterozygous TGFBI c.1663C > T (p.Arg555Trp) mutation was responsible for GCD1 in the Hui-Chinese family, which should be of great help in genetic counseling for this family.

2020 ◽  
Vol 2020 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Hao Geng ◽  
Dongdong Tang ◽  
Chuan Xu ◽  
Xiaojin He ◽  
Zhiguo Zhang

Background. Split-hand/foot malformation (SHFM) is a severe congenital disability mainly characterized by the absence or hypoplasia of the central ray of the hand/foot. To date, several candidate genes associated with SHFM have been identified, including TP63, DLX5, DLX6, FGFR1, and WNT10B. Herein, we report a novel variant of TP63 heterozygously present in affected members of a family with SHFM. Methods. This study investigated a Chinese family, in which the proband and his son suffered from SHFM. The peripheral blood sample of the proband was used to perform whole-exome sequencing (WES) to explore the possible genetic causes of this disease. Postsequencing bioinformatic analyses and Sanger sequencing were conducted to verify the identified variants and parental origins on all family members in the pedigree. Results. By postsequencing bioinformatic analyses and Sanger sequencing, we identified a novel missense variant (NM_003722.4:c.948G>A; p.Met316Ile) of TP63 in this family that results in a substitution of methionine with isoleucine, which is probably associated with the occurrence of SHFM. Conclusion. A novel missense variant (NM_003722.4:c.948G>A; p.Met316Ile) of TP63 in SHFM was thus identified, which may enlarge the spectrum of known TP63 variants and also provide new approaches for genetic counselling of families with SHFM.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. A209-A209
Junyu He ◽  
Zhihong Liao

Abstract Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare hereditary connective tissue disease. It is mainly associated with pathogenic variants in COL1A1 or COL1A2. Patients with OI usually have repeated history of bone fractures. Besides, osteogenesis imperfecta is associated with some cardiovascular complications, such as aortic and mitral valve dysfunction, aneurysm and aortic dissection. But the relationship between these diseases has not been well studied. Case Presentation: A 55-year-old man was admitted to our hospital mainly due to “dizziness for 2 hours”. He had a 4-month history of hypertension and a history of smoking for more than 20 years. He had no history of drinking alcohol. He had hunchback and O-type legs. Besides, the patient and some of his relatives had a history of repeated brittle fractures,which was considered as “osteogenesis imperfecta”. The clinical manifestation of OI in this family varies to a certain extent, from simple tooth disintegration to severe fracture deformity. The most serious patient of his family was unable to walk. CT and MRI revealed multiple systemic arteriosclerosis, including vertebral artery, posterior inferior cerebellar artery, cervical artery, and bilateral cerebellar multiple lacunar cerebral infarction. The blood sample of the patient was tested by whole exome sequencing, and the saliva samples of the patient’s family members were tested by Sanger sequencing. A mutation c.3159 + 2T &gt; A was detected in COL1A2 gene associated with OI, also found in the other affected family members, which had not been reported before. It was a segregating mutation in the family. The clinical severity of the family members was heterogeneous. Discussion: This case is worth learning from the following aspects: 1. A pathogenic heterozygous mutation, c.3159 + 2T &gt; A was detected in COL1A2 gene in the patient with OI, which is not reported in previous cases of OI. 2. The clinical manifestation of OI in this family varies to a certain extent, from simple tooth disintegration to severe fracture deformity. The most serious patient of his family was unable to walk. It presented the clinical heterogeneity of OI. Further basic researh on the mutation site of related gene of OI are needed. 3. We found the possibility of developing cerebral atherosclerosis in patients with OI. Therefore, patients with OI should give up smooking, exercise properly and keep on a low fat diet. They should pay attention to control blood pressure and blood lipid so as to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis. Conclusion: A c.3159 + 2T&gt;A mutation in COL1A2 gene detected by whole exome sequencing was the causing reason of OI, the discovery enriched the gene mutation spectrum of OI. We also found that OI may have relationship with premature atherosclerosis, and the abnormal bones of the cervical spine may lead to vertebrobasilar ischemia.

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