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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Fengyu Che ◽  
Jiangang Zhao ◽  
Yujuan Zhao ◽  
Zhi Wang ◽  
Liyu Zhang ◽  

Aim: To determine the etiology of a Chinese family with thrombocytopenia by analyzing the clinical features and genetic variation.Methods: Clinical profiles and genomic DNA extracts of the family members were collected for the study. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing was used to detect the associated genetic variation and verify the family co-segregation respectively. Bioinformatics analysis assessed the pathogenicity of missense mutations.Results: The study reported a 3-generation pedigree including eight family members with thrombocytopenia. The platelet counts of the patients were varied, ranging from 38 to 110 × 109/L (reference range: 150–450 x 109/L). The mean volumes and morphology of the sampled platelet were both normal. The bleeding abnormality and mitochondriopathy were not observed in all the patients. Clinical signs of thrombocytopenia were mild. A novel heterozygous missense variant c.79C > T (p.His27Tyr) was identified in CYCS gene associated with autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia.Conclusion: We report the first large family with autosomal dominant non-syndromic thrombocytopenia 4 in a Chinese family, a novel heterozygous missense variant c.79C > T (p.His27Tyr) was identified. The whole exome sequencing is an efficient tool for screening the variants specifically associated with the disease. The finding enriches the mutation spectrum of CYCS gene and laid a foundation for future studies on the correlation between genotype and phenotype.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Junyi Ouyang ◽  
Ziyan Cai ◽  
Yinjie Guo ◽  
Fen Nie ◽  
Mengdan Cao ◽  

Abstract Background Aniridia is a congenital, panocular disease that can affect the cornea, anterior chamber angle, iris, lens, retina and optic nerve. PAX6 loss-of-function variants are the most common cause of aniridia, and variants throughout the gene have been linked to a range of ophthalmic abnormalities. Furthermore, particular variants at a given site in PAX6 lead to distinct phenotypes. This study aimed to characterize genetic variants associated with congenital aniridia in a Chinese family. Methods The proband and family underwent ophthalmologic examinations. DNA was sampled from the peripheral blood of all 6 individuals, and whole-exome sequencing was performed. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the variant in this family members. Results A novel variant (c.114_119delinsAATTTCC: p.Pro39llefsTer17) in the PAX6 gene was identified in subjects II-1, III-1 and III-2, who exhibited complete aniridia and cataracts. The proband and the proband’s brother also had glaucoma, high myopia, and foveal hypoplasia. Conclusions We identified that a novel PAX6 frameshift heterozygous deletion variant is the predominant cause of aniridia in this Chinese family. Trial registration We did not perform any health-related interventions for the participants.

Medicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 101 (2) ◽  
pp. e28551
Yilong Man ◽  
Changying Yi ◽  
Meili Fan ◽  
Tianyu Yang ◽  
Peng Liu ◽  

eLife ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Shaoyi Mei ◽  
Yi Wu ◽  
Yan Wang ◽  
Yubo Cui ◽  
Miao Zhang ◽  

Congenital cataract, an ocular disease predominantly occurring within the first decade of life, is one of the leading causes of blindness in children. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of congenital cataract remain incompletely defined. Through whole-exome sequencing of a Chinese family with congenital cataract, we identified a potential pathological variant (p.G1943E) in PIKFYVE, which is located in the PIP kinase domain of the PIKFYVE protein. We demonstrated that heterozygous/homozygous disruption of PIKFYVE kinase domain, instead of overexpression of PIKFYVEG1943E in zebrafish mimicked the cataract defect in human patients, suggesting that haploinsufficiency, rather than dominant-negative inhibition of PIKFYVE activity caused the disease. Phenotypical analysis of pikfyve zebrafish mutants revealed that loss of Pikfyve caused aberrant vacuolation (accumulation of Rab7+Lc3+ amphisomes) in lens cells, which was significantly alleviated by treatment with the V-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1 (Baf-A1). Collectively, we identified PIKFYVE as a novel causative gene for congenital cataract and pinpointed the potential application of Baf-A1 for the treatment of congenital cataract caused by PIKFYVE deficiency.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Jiaxiong Wang ◽  
Ce Zhang ◽  
Hui Tang ◽  
Aiyan Zheng ◽  
Hong Li ◽  

Asthenospermia is one of the most important causes of male infertility. Among asthenospermia, multiple morphological abnormalities of sperm flagella (MMAF) are relatively rare idiopathic conditions characterized by multiple defects in sperm flagella. Although many studies focusing on the genetic factors of MMAF have been conducted, its pathogenesis and treatment effect remain largely unknown. Here, we report a male patient from a nonconsanguineous Chinese family who exhibited a typical MMAF phenotype revealed by morphological analysis. We identified splicing mutations in CFAP251 (c.1192-3C>G), and the mutation was proven to cause exon skipping. In addition, western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis of the spermatozoa from the proband and a control subject revealed a significantly lower expression of CFAP251 protein due to pathogenic mutation. Interestingly, the patient’s mother was a heterozygous carrier for the mutation, but his father was not, and finally, the inheritance pattern was proven to be maternal uniparental disomy. We applied an intracytoplasmic sperm injection and achieved a successful pregnancy. Above all, our findings expand the spectrum of CFAP251 pathogenic mutations and provide more indications for clinical genetic counseling and assisted reproductive treatment for such patients.

BMC Neurology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Haitian Nan ◽  
Yunqing Wu ◽  
Shilei Cui ◽  
Houliang Sun ◽  
Jiawei Wang ◽  

Abstract Background Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a genetically heterogeneous hereditary neuropathy, and CMT1A is the most common form; it is caused by a duplication of the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) gene. Mutations in the transient sodium channel Nav1.4 alpha subunit (SCN4A) gene underlie a diverse group of dominantly inherited nondystrophic myotonias that run the spectrum from subclinical myopathy to severe muscle stiffness, disabling weakness, or frank episodes of paralysis. Case presentation We describe a Chinese family affected by both CMT1A and myotonia with concomitant alterations in both the PMP22 and SCN4A genes. In this family, the affected proband inherited the disease from his father in an autosomal dominant manner. Genetic analysis confirmed duplication of the PMP22 gene and a missense c.3917G > C (p. Gly1306Ala) mutation in SCN4A in both the proband and his father. The clinical phenotype in the proband showed the combined involvement of skeletal muscle and peripheral nerves. Electromyography showed myopathic changes, including myotonic discharges. MRI revealed the concurrence of neurogenic and myogenic changes in the lower leg muscles. Sural nerve biopsies revealed a chronic demyelinating and remyelinating process with onion bulb formations in the proband. The proband’s father presented with confirmed subclinical myopathy, very mild distal atrophy and proximal hypertrophy of the lower leg muscles, pes cavus, and areflexia. Conclusion This study reports the coexistence of PMP22 duplication and SCN4A mutation. The presenting features in this family suggested that both neuropathy and myopathy were inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The proband had a typical phenotype of sodium channel myotonia (SCM) and CMT1A. However, his father with the same mutations presented a much milder clinical phenotype. Our study might expand the genetic and phenotypic spectra of neuromuscular disorders with concomitant mutations.

Demography ◽  
2022 ◽  
Acton Jiashi Feng

Abstract Existing research on assortative mating has examined marriage between people with different levels of education, yet heterogeneity in educational assortative mating outcomes of college graduates has been mostly ignored. Using data from the 2010 Chinese Family Panel Study and log-multiplicative models, this study examines the changing structure and association of husbands' and wives' educational attainment between 1980 and 2010, a period in which Chinese higher education experienced rapid expansion and stratification. Results show that the graduates of first-tier institutions are less likely than graduates of lower-ranked colleges to marry someone without a college degree. Moreover, from 1980 to 2010, female first-tier-college graduates were increasingly more likely to marry people who graduated from similarly prestigious colleges, although there is insufficient evidence to draw the same conclusion about their male counterparts. This study thus demonstrates the extent of heterogeneity in educational assortative mating patterns among college graduates and the tendency for elite college graduates to marry within the educational elite.

2022 ◽  
pp. 026540752110646
Chih-Wen Wu

Given the aging of the global population, the experience of adult children preparing to care for their aging parents is increasingly valued. In this article, I not only examined the associations between Taiwanese adult children’s attachment relationships with parents and their experience of filial anxiety but also took a psychocultural perspective to explore the mediating role of filial piety, the most representative value in the Chinese family. I collected survey data from 1305 middle-aged Taiwanese adults over 40 years old whose father or mother was alive and over 65 years old. The results from the first model for both father–child and mother–child datasets showed that secure attachment relationships with parents had a significant positive association with adults’ parental-welfare-focused filial anxiety B (FAB) but a significant negative association with their caregiver-role-focused filial anxiety A (FAA). The results from the second analysis indicated that secure attachment relationships with parents, for both father–child and mother–child datasets, had a significant positive association with adults’ endorsement of reciprocal filial piety beliefs, which significantly related to higher levels of FAB but lower levels of FAA. For both the father–child and mother–child datasets, secure attachment relationships with parents also had a significant positive association with their endorsement of authoritarian filial piety beliefs. Subsequently, their endorsement of authoritarian filial piety belief significantly related to a higher level of FAB in only the mother–child dataset. In conclusion, these findings broaden the understanding of adult children’s experience of filial anxiety that could be related to their attachment relationship with parents and their endorsement of reciprocal and authoritarian filial piety.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (6) ◽  
pp. 39-45
Yanhong Gong ◽  
Ziwen Song

Based on the data from Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS), this study uses the Tobit model to empirically analyze the influence of financial literacy on family cultural consumption. This study found that the average financial literacy level of Chinese residents is still relatively low. The improvement of their financial literacy would help enhance the household cultural consumption expenditure. From this study, it is recommended that there should be an improvement in the cultural consumption of Chinese families and their quality of life by targeting financial education, raising the income level of residents, and stimulating the residents’ cultural consumption willingness.

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