whole exome sequencing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Fengyu Che ◽  
Jiangang Zhao ◽  
Yujuan Zhao ◽  
Zhi Wang ◽  
Liyu Zhang ◽  

Aim: To determine the etiology of a Chinese family with thrombocytopenia by analyzing the clinical features and genetic variation.Methods: Clinical profiles and genomic DNA extracts of the family members were collected for the study. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing was used to detect the associated genetic variation and verify the family co-segregation respectively. Bioinformatics analysis assessed the pathogenicity of missense mutations.Results: The study reported a 3-generation pedigree including eight family members with thrombocytopenia. The platelet counts of the patients were varied, ranging from 38 to 110 × 109/L (reference range: 150–450 x 109/L). The mean volumes and morphology of the sampled platelet were both normal. The bleeding abnormality and mitochondriopathy were not observed in all the patients. Clinical signs of thrombocytopenia were mild. A novel heterozygous missense variant c.79C > T (p.His27Tyr) was identified in CYCS gene associated with autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia.Conclusion: We report the first large family with autosomal dominant non-syndromic thrombocytopenia 4 in a Chinese family, a novel heterozygous missense variant c.79C > T (p.His27Tyr) was identified. The whole exome sequencing is an efficient tool for screening the variants specifically associated with the disease. The finding enriches the mutation spectrum of CYCS gene and laid a foundation for future studies on the correlation between genotype and phenotype.

Epilepsia ◽  
2022 ◽  
Mahmoud Koko ◽  
Joshua E. Motelow ◽  
Kate E. Stanley ◽  
Dheeraj R. Bobbili ◽  
Ryan S. Dhindsa ◽  

Dermatology ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Angelo Valerio Marzano ◽  
Giovanni Genovese ◽  
Chiara Moltrasio ◽  
Paola Maura Tricarico ◽  
Rossella Gratton ◽  

<b><i>Background:</i></b> The genetics of syndromic hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), an immune-mediated condition associated with systemic comorbidities such as inflammatory bowel diseases and arthritis, has not been completely elucidated. <b><i>Objective:</i></b> To describe clinical features and genetic signature of patients with the main syndromic HS forms, i.e., PASH, PAPASH, and PASH/SAPHO overlapping. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> Whole-exome sequencing (WES) approach was performed in ten patients with syndromic HS. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Three clinical settings have been identified based on presence/absence of gut and joint inflammation. Four PASH patients who had also gut inflammation showed three different variants in <i>NOD2</i> gene, two variants in <i>OTULIN</i>, and a variant in <i>GJB2</i>, respectively. Three PAPASH and three PASH/SAPHO overlapping patients who had also joint inflammation showed two different variants in <i>NCSTN</i>, one in <i>WDR1</i> and <i>PSTPIP1</i>, and two variants in <i>NLRC4</i>, one of whom was present in a patient with a mixed phenotype characterized by gut and joint inflammation. <b><i>Limitations:</i></b> Limited number of patients that can be counterbalanced by the rarity of syndromic HS. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> Syndromic HS can be considered as a polygenic autoinflammatory condition; currently WES is a diagnostic tool allowing more accurate genotype-phenotype correlation.

Medicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 101 (2) ◽  
pp. e28547
Nguyen Pham Anh Hoa ◽  
Nguyen Thi Kim Lien ◽  
Nguyen Van Tung ◽  
Nguyen Ngoc Lan ◽  
Nguyen Thi Phuong Mai ◽  

Wanru Guo ◽  
Xuewen Feng ◽  
Ming Hu ◽  
Yanwan Shangguan ◽  
Jiafeng Xia ◽  

BackgroundFever of unknown origin (FUO) is still a challenge for clinicians. Next-generation sequencing technologies, such as whole exome sequencing (WES), can be used to identify genetic defects in patients and assist in diagnosis. In this study, we investigated the application of WES in individuals with FUO.MethodsWe performed whole-exome sequencing on 15 FUO patients. Clinical information was extracted from the hospital information system.ResultsIn 7/15 samples, we found positive results, including potentially causative mutations across eight different genes: CFTR, CD209, IRF2BP2, ADGRV 1, TYK2, MEFV, THBD and GATA2.ConclusionsOur results show that whole-exome sequencing can promote the genetic diagnosis and treatment of patients with FUO.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Paula I. Buonfiglio ◽  
Carlos D. Bruque ◽  
Vanesa Lotersztein ◽  
Leonela Luce ◽  
Florencia Giliberto ◽  

AbstractHearing loss is a heterogeneous disorder. Identification of causative mutations is demanding due to genetic heterogeneity. In this study, we investigated the genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss in patients with severe/profound deafness. After the exclusion of GJB2-GJB6 mutations, we performed whole exome sequencing in 32 unrelated Argentinean families. Mutations were detected in 16 known deafness genes in 20 patients: ACTG1, ADGRV1 (GPR98), CDH23, COL4A3, COL4A5, DFNA5 (GSDDE), EYA4, LARS2, LOXHD1, MITF, MYO6, MYO7A, TECTA, TMPRSS3, USH2A and WSF1. Notably, 11 variants affecting 9 different non-GJB2 genes resulted novel: c.12829C > T, p.(Arg4277*) in ADGRV1; c.337del, p.(Asp109*) and c.3352del, p.(Gly1118Alafs*7) in CDH23; c.3500G > A, p.(Gly1167Glu) in COL4A3; c.1183C > T, p.(Pro395Ser) and c.1759C > T, p.(Pro587Ser) in COL4A5; c.580 + 2 T > C in EYA4; c.1481dup, p.(Leu495Profs*31) in LARS2; c.1939 T > C, p.(Phe647Leu), in MYO6; c.733C > T, p.(Gln245*) in MYO7A and c.242C > G, p.(Ser81*) in TMPRSS3 genes. To predict the effect of these variants, novel protein modeling and protein stability analysis were employed. These results highlight the value of whole exome sequencing to identify candidate variants, as well as bioinformatic strategies to infer their pathogenicity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Jamie O. Yang ◽  
Hapet Shaybekyan ◽  
Yan Zhao ◽  
Xuedong Kang ◽  
Gregory A. Fishbein ◽  

We report a case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and lactic acidosis in a 3-year-old female. Cardiac and skeletal muscles biopsies exhibited mitochondrial hyperplasia with decreased complex IV activity. Whole exome sequencing identified compound heterozygous variants, p.Arg333Trp and p.Val119Leu, in TSFM, a nuclear gene that encodes a mitochondrial translation elongation factor, resulting in impaired oxidative phosphorylation and juvenile hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

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