elastic properties
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2022 ◽  
Vol 580 ◽  
pp. 121389
Amin Abd El-Moneim ◽  
Hassan A. Hashem ◽  
A.A. El-Namrouty ◽  
Asmaa Atef

2022 ◽  
Vol 202 ◽  
pp. 110940
Hongjing Cui ◽  
Ning Liu ◽  
Rulong Zhou ◽  
Dongdong Li ◽  
Jigui Cheng

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 638
Ofer Tevet ◽  
David Svetlizky ◽  
David Harel ◽  
Zahava Barkay ◽  
Dolev Geva ◽  

Additively manufactured (AM) materials and hot rolled materials are typically orthotropic, and exhibit anisotropic elastic properties. This paper elucidates the anisotropic elastic properties (Young’s modulus, shear modulus, and Poisson’s ratio) of Ti6Al4V alloy in four different conditions: three AM (by selective laser melting, SLM, electron beam melting, EBM, and directed energy deposition, DED, processes) and one wrought alloy (for comparison). A specially designed polygon sample allowed measurement of 12 sound wave velocities (SWVs), employing the dynamic pulse-echo ultrasonic technique. In conjunction with the measured density values, these SWVs enabled deriving of the tensor of elastic constants (Cij) and the three-dimensional (3D) Young’s moduli maps. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and micro-computed tomography (μCT) were employed to characterize the grain size and orientation as well as porosity and other defects which could explain the difference in the measured elastic constants of the four materials. All three types of AM materials showed only minor anisotropy. The wrought (hot rolled) alloy exhibited the highest density, virtually pore-free μCT images, and the highest ultrasonic anisotropy and polarity behavior. EBSD analysis revealed that a thin β-phase layer that formed along the elongated grain boundaries caused the ultrasonic polarity behavior. The finding that the elastic properties depend on the manufacturing process and on the angle relative to either the rolling direction or the AM build direction should be taken into account in the design of products. The data reported herein is valuable for materials selection and finite element analyses in mechanical design. The pulse-echo measurement procedure employed in this study may be further adapted and used for quality control of AM materials and parts.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 678
Lianfei Kuang ◽  
Qiyin Zhu ◽  
Xiangyu Shang ◽  
Xiaodong Zhao

The knowledge of nanoscale mechanical properties of montmorillonite (MMT) with various compensation cations upon hydration is essential for many environmental engineering-related applications. This paper uses a Molecular Dynamics (MD) method to simulate nanoscale elastic properties of hydrated Na-, Cs-, and Ca-MMT with unconstrained system atoms. The variation of basal spacing of MMT shows step characteristics in the initial crystalline swelling stage followed by an approximately linear change in the subsequent osmotic swelling stage as the increasing of interlayer water content. The water content of MMT in the thermodynamic stable-state conditions during hydration is determined by comparing the immersion energy and hydration energy. Under this stable hydration state, the nanoscale elastic properties are further simulated by the constant strain method. Since the non-bonding strength between MMT lamellae is much lower than the boning strength within the mineral structure, the in-plane and out-of-plane strength of MMT has strong anisotropy. Simulated results including the stiffness tensor and linear elastic constants based on the assumption of orthotropic symmetry are all in good agreement with results from the literature. Furthermore, the out-of-plane stiffness tensor components of C33, C44, and C55 all fluctuate with the increase of interlayer water content, which is related to the formation of interlayer H-bonds and atom-free volume ratio. The in-plane stiffness tensor components C11, C22, and C12 decrease nonlinearly with the increase of water content, and these components are mainly controlled by the bonding strength of mineral atoms and the geometry of the hydrated MMT system. Young’s modulus in all three directions exhibits a nonlinear decrease with increasing water content.

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (1) ◽  
Yaroslav M. Beltukov ◽  
Dmitry A. Conyuh ◽  
Ilia A. Solov'yov

2022 ◽  
Vol 327 ◽  
pp. 119-126
Marialaura Tocci ◽  
Annalisa Pola ◽  
Michael Modigell

Oscillation and creep experiments have been performed with Semi-Solid Material (SSM) AlSi7 with 35% solid fraction to investigate the early visco-elastic properties after shearing of the material in a Searle Rheometer. The preparation of the SSM has been done in situ using a standard procedure to guarantee for all experiments the same initial properties of the material. First, oscillation experiments at low amplitude allowed to study the evolution of material structure with time. Subsequently, creep experiments have been performed changing the resting period based on previous results. Creep experiments are characterized by exposing the material to a sudden increase of shear stress. The resolution in time has been 0.01 seconds, which allows observing the dynamics of the development of visco-elastic properties.The material exhibits viscoelastic properties that are becoming more pronounced with longer resting time. This is in accordance with previous experiments where the ratio between elastic and viscous properties increases with increasing resting time. The development of the elastic properties follows the increase of the yield stress due to the creation of an internal structure of the material, which starts immediately after stopping shearing. The investigation of the short-term response of SSM can be particularly relevant for industrial practice, where material deformation during die filling is very fast and the material flow does not take place in steady-state condition.

2022 ◽  
Shogai Yasuda ◽  
Yoshikuni Teramoto ◽  
Shinji Ogoe ◽  
Yasutomo Uetsuji

2022 ◽  
Matthew Kirby ◽  
Kevin H. Hoos ◽  
David S. Riha ◽  
Endel V. Iarve ◽  
Marcus L. Stanfield ◽  

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