emerging technology
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Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 486
Waseem Ahmed ◽  
Rafia Azmat ◽  
Ebtihal Khojah ◽  
Rasheed Ahmed ◽  
Abdul Qayyum ◽  

Today, the most significant challenge encountered by food manufacturers is degradation in the food quality during storage, which is countered by expensive packing, which causes enormous monetary and environmental costs. Edible packaging is a potential alternative for protecting food quality and improving shelf life by delaying microbial growth and providing moisture and gas barrier properties. For the first time, the current article reports the preparation of the new films from Ditriterpenoids and Secomeliacins isolated from Melia azedarach (Dharek) Azadirachta indica plants to protect the quality of fruits. After evaluating these films, their mechanical, specific respirational, coating crystal elongation, elastic, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), film thickness, and nanoindentation test properties are applied to apple fruit for several storage periods: 0, 3, 6, 9 days. The fruits were evaluated for postharvest quality by screening several essential phytochemical, physiological responses under film coating and storage conditions. It was observed that prepared films were highly active during storage periods. Coated fruits showed improved quality due to the protection of the film, which lowered the transmission rate and enhanced the diffusion rate, followed by an increase in the shelf life. The coating crystals were higher in Film-5 and lower activity in untreated films. It was observed that the application of films through dipping was a simple technique at a laboratory scale, whereas extrusion and spraying were preferred on a commercial scale. The phytochemicals screening of treated fruits during the storage period showed that a maximum of eight important bioactive compounds were present in fruits after the treatment of films. It was resolved that new active films (1–5) were helpful in the effective maintenance of fruit quality and all essential compounds during storage periods. It was concluded that these films could be helpful for fruits growers and the processing industry to maintain fruit quality during the storage period as a new emerging technology.

Ila Sethi ◽  
Amy Rosenbluth

AbstractThe first endoscope was created in 1805 by Philip Bozini in Germany. This endoscope was known as “Lichtleiter,” a light guiding instrument. In the 1950s, the first models of fiberoptic endoscopes were introduced. Since then, the technology associated with endoscopic surgery has grown by leaps and bounds. This article aims to explore current operating platforms and emerging technology associated with endoscopic surgery.

2022 ◽  
pp. 157-171
Ritesh Jain

This chapter focuses on aspects of digital ethics in technology and investments and covers the background of the growing surface area of the technology and its concerns related to data; it provides an overview of the data-related challenges and their ethical uses by organizations and people. It also covers emerging technology like artificial intelligence and its impact on ethical challenges. It provides an overview of the potential ethical challenges of technology that investors should consider and focuses on the criticality of the framework requirement and its implementation within businesses to make the right decisions. The author lays out the view on ethics and regulations and why companies should commit to ethical practices for their growth.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2161 (1) ◽  
pp. 012002
Asha G Hagargund ◽  
Muralidhar kulkarni ◽  
Hariram S Satheesh

Abstract Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) is an emerging technology, which enables advancements in applications like industrial automation, automatic vehicle-to-vehicle communication, etc. which hosts various time-critical applications, ensuring bounded latency. The novel idea of this paper is to present OMNET++ simulation-based complex multi-hop TSN network using the native VLAN concept to bring out a cost-effective model for inter-TSN and Intra-TSN domains. This paper investigates the performance of hybrid IEEE standards, ie.IEEE 802.1Qbu and IEEE 802.1Qbv standards. The simulation results show that the combination of these standards, when effectively scheduled in switches will reduce the latency by 3.3 µseconds in time-critical applications. Further, it is observed that in Best effort traffic, frame loss is also very less in the range of 2-5 frames out of 1385 frames. These results certainly will be of great value in more complex TSN deployments.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 195-198
Kevin LaGrandeur

Francesca Ferrando's book Philosophical Posthumanism concentrates on some of the ethical issues connected with genetic alteration of the human species.  In sympathy with her analysis, this brief article (commentary) elaborates on a parallel topic: the ethical implications of current projects to modify humans and their society with digital emerging technology.

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