Crohn’S Disease
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(FIVE YEARS 10303)



2021 ◽  
Vol 87 ◽  
pp. 106408
Sandeep Maharajh ◽  
Kavi Capildeo ◽  
Mickhaiel Barrow ◽  
Shariful Islam ◽  
Vijay Naraynsingh

2021 ◽  
Vol 09 (10) ◽  
pp. E1480-E1490
Salvatore Oliva ◽  
Silvio Veraldi ◽  
Salvatore Cucchiara ◽  
Giusy Russo ◽  
Alessandra Spagnoli ◽  

Abstract Background and study aims Two scores have been implemented to standardize capsule endoscopic (CE) findings in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD): Lewis score (LS) and Capsule Endoscopy Crohnʼs Disease Activity Index (CECDAI). Both have limitations and are not well validated in the pediatric population. The aim of our study was to assess a new score (capsule endoscopy – Crohn’s disease index, CE-CD) in pediatric patients with CD and to compare it to preexisting scores. Patients and methods This was a double-center, retrospective study involving pediatric subjects with CD who underwent CE. Correlation analyses between CE-CD, endoscopy scores and noninvasive markers of disease activities were performed. The ability of different CE scores to predict clinical and endoscopic outcomes was evaluated with regression and survival analyses. Results A total of 312 subjects were analyzed. The CE-CD score showed a moderate (Pearson’s r = 0.581, P < 0.001) and strong (r = 0.909, P < 0.001) association with LS and CECDAI, respectively. CE-CD was a statistically significant predictor of hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR]1.061), treatment escalation (HR 1.062), steroid therapy (HR 1.082), clinical (HR 1.064) and endoscopic (HR 1.060) relapse over the twenty-four months (P < 0.001). Subjects with mucosal inflammation according to CE-CD (CE-CD ≥ 9) had worse outcomes compared to patients without inflammation (CE-CD < 9) (Log rang test < 0.001). Conclusions The CE-CD score is a simple, reliable, reproducible, and predictive score for evaluation of small bowel inflammation in pediatric patients with CD. Prospective validation is needed to confirm the applicability of this new index in clinical practice.

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (35) ◽  
pp. 5946-5957
Xue-Liang Sun ◽  
Li-Chao Qiao ◽  
Jing Gong ◽  
Ke Wen ◽  
Zhi-Zhong Xu ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (18) ◽  
pp. 9967
Etienne Buscail ◽  
Guillaume Le Cosquer ◽  
Fabian Gross ◽  
Marine Lebrin ◽  
Laetitia Bugarel ◽  

Between 20 to 25% of Crohn’s disease (CD) patients suffer from perianal fistulas, a marker of disease severity. Seton drainage combined with anti-TNFα can result in closure of the fistula in 70 to 75% of patients. For the remaining 25% of patients there is room for in situ injection of autologous or allogenic mesenchymal stem cells such as adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ADSCs). ADSCs exert their effects on tissues and effector cells through paracrine phenomena, including the secretome and extracellular vesicles. They display anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, pro-angiogenic, proliferative, and immunomodulatory properties, and a homing within the damaged tissue. They also have immuno-evasive properties allowing a clinical allogeneic approach. Numerous clinical trials have been conducted that demonstrate a complete cure rate of anoperineal fistulas in CD ranging from 46 to 90% of cases after in situ injection of autologous or allogenic ADSCs. A pivotal phase III-controlled trial using allogenic ADSCs (Alofisel®) demonstrated that prolonged clinical and radiological remission can be obtained in nearly 60% of cases with a good safety profile. Future studies should be conducted for a better knowledge of the local effect of ADSCs as well as for a standardization in terms of the number of injections and associated procedures.

Grace Chen ◽  
Vasantha Pedarla ◽  
Kyle D Null ◽  
Susan E Cazzetta ◽  
Qasim Rana Khan ◽  

Abstract Background Perianal fistula (PAF), a complication of Crohn’s disease (CD), is associated with substantial economic costs and poor prognosis. We determined prevalence of PAF CD in the United States and compared costs and health care resource utilization (HRU) of PAF CD patients with matched non-PAF CD patients. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of claims data from the IBM MarketScan Commercial Database from October 1, 2015, to September 30, 2018. Eligible patients were aged 18 to 89 years with ≥2 CD diagnoses. Patients with PAF CD had ≥1 PAF diagnosis or procedure code and were matched with non-PAF CD patients. Cumulative prevalence of PAF CD in the US population was calculated across total patients in MarketScan. All-cause and gastrointestinal (GI)-related costs and HRU were compared between groups using a generalized linear model (GLM). Results Cumulative 3-year prevalence of PAF was 7.70% of patients with CD (N = 81,862) and 0.01% of the US population. Among PAF CD (n = 1218) and matched non-PAF CD (n = 4095) patients, most all-cause costs and HRU were GI-related. Mean total all-cause and GI-related health care costs per patient and per year for PAF CD were $85,233 and $71,612, respectively, vs $40,526 and $29,458 for non-PAF CD (P &lt; .0001). Among PAF CD vs non-PAF CD patients, GLM-adjusted proportions of patients with GI-related inpatient, outpatient, or pharmacy visits, mean GI-related inpatient length of stay, and mean GI-related surgeries were higher (P &lt; .0001 for all comparisons). Conclusions Costs and HRU are significantly higher for patients with PAF CD vs non-PAF CD patients, highlighting the economic burden of the disease.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (9) ◽  
pp. 382-390
Brianna McSorley ◽  
Robert A Cina ◽  
Candi Jump ◽  
Johanna Palmadottir ◽  
J Antonio Quiros

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-17
Dominika Kovács ◽  
Viola Bagóné Vántus ◽  
Eszter Vámos ◽  
Nikoletta Kálmán ◽  
Rudolf Schicho ◽  

Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory disorder of the intestines characterized by epithelial barrier dysfunction and mucosal damage. The activity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is deeply involved in the pathomechanism of inflammation since it leads to energy depletion and mitochondrial failure in cells. Focusing on the epithelial barrier integrity and bioenergetics of epithelial cells, we investigated whether the clinically applied PARP inhibitor olaparib might improve experimental CD. We used the oral PARP inhibitor olaparib in the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid- (TNBS-) induced mouse colitis model. Inflammatory scoring, cytokine levels, colon histology, hematological analysis, and intestinal permeability were studied. Caco-2 monolayer culture was utilized as an epithelial barrier model, on which we used qPCR and light microscopy imaging, and measured impedance-based barrier integrity, FITC-dextran permeability, apoptosis, mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate, and extracellular acidification rate. Olaparib reduced the inflammation score, the concentration of IL-1β and IL-6, enhanced the level of IL-10, and decreased the intestinal permeability in TNBS-colitis. Blood cell ratios, such as lymphocyte to monocyte ratio, platelet to lymphocyte ratio, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio were improved. In H2O2-treated Caco-2 monolayer, olaparib decreased morphological changes, barrier permeability, and preserved barrier integrity. In oxidative stress, olaparib enhanced glycolysis (extracellular acidification rate), and it improved mitochondrial function (mitochondrial coupling efficiency, maximal respiration, and spare respiratory capacity) in epithelial cells. Olaparib, a PARP inhibitor used in human cancer therapy, improved experimental CD and protected intestinal barrier integrity by preventing its energetic collapse; therefore, it could be repurposed for the therapy of Crohn’s disease.

2021 ◽  
pp. JNM-D-20-00116
Alice Heaney ◽  
Stephen P. McKenna ◽  
Peter Hagell

Background and PurposeThe Unidimensional Fatigue Impact Scale (U-FIS) was developed for use in a multiple sclerosis population. The aim was to determine whether the U-FIS is a valid tool for measuring the impact of fatigue in Crohn's disease (CD).MethodCD patients completed the U-FIS as part of a validation study of the Crohn's Life Impact Questionnaire (CLIQ). Data were analyzed according to Rasch measurement theory (RMT).ResultsTwo hundred sixty-one completed U-FIS questionnaires were available for analysis. After rescoring the items to resolve disordered thresholds, all 22 items showed acceptable RMT fit. However, there was considerable local item dependency (LID).ConclusionThe U-FIS did not provide unidimensional measurement in a sample of CD patients due to high levels of LID. Combining the three FIS outcomes into a single measure was not justified.

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