Crohn's Disease
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

29524
(FIVE YEARS 9411)

H-INDEX

251
(FIVE YEARS 52)

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 196
Author(s):  
Hasan Tahsin Özpolat ◽  
Bülent Baran ◽  
Filiz Akyüz

Author(s):  
Dania Hudhud ◽  
Kristen Stashek ◽  
Lauren George ◽  
Raymond K. Cross

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Nadeem Kassam ◽  
Omar Aziz ◽  
Eric Aghan ◽  
Melchisedeck Mandwa ◽  
Caroline Ngimba ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Akitoshi Inoue ◽  
David J Bartlett ◽  
Narges Shahraki ◽  
Shannon P Sheedy ◽  
Jay P Heiken ◽  
...  

Abstract Background We aimed to determine if patient symptoms and computed tomography enterography (CTE) and magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) imaging findings can be used to predict near-term risk of surgery in patients with small bowel Crohn’s disease (CD). Methods CD patients with small bowel strictures undergoing serial CTE or MRE were retrospectively identified. Strictures were defined by luminal narrowing, bowel wall thickening, and unequivocal proximal small bowel dilation. Harvey-Bradshaw index (HBI) was recorded. Stricture observations and measurements were performed on baseline CTE or MRE and compared to with prior and subsequent scans. Patients were divided into those who underwent surgery within 2 years and those who did not. LASSO (least absolute shrinkage and selection operator) regression models were trained and validated using 5-fold cross-validation. Results Eighty-five patients (43.7 ± 15.3 years of age at baseline scan, majority male [57.6%]) had 137 small bowel strictures. Surgery was performed in 26 patients within 2 years from baseline CTE or MRE. In univariate analysis of patients with prior exams, development of stricture on the baseline exam was associated with near-term surgery (P = .006). A mathematical model using baseline features predicting surgery within 2 years included an HBI of 5 to 7 (odds ratio [OR], 1.7 × 105; P = .057), an HBI of 8 to 16 (OR, 3.1 × 105; P = .054), anastomotic stricture (OR, 0.002; P = .091), bowel wall thickness (OR, 4.7; P = .064), penetrating behavior (OR, 3.1 × 103; P = .096), and newly developed stricture (OR: 7.2 × 107; P = .062). This model demonstrated sensitivity of 67% and specificity of 73% (area under the curve, 0.62). Conclusions CTE or MRE imaging findings in combination with HBI can potentially predict which patients will require surgery within 2 years.


2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 594-606
Author(s):  
Ji-Liang Shen ◽  
Zheng Zhou ◽  
Jia-Sheng Cao ◽  
Bin Zhang ◽  
Jia-Hao Hu ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fatemeh Farahmandzad ◽  
Hossein Lanjanian ◽  
Ehsan Arefian ◽  
Kaveh Kavousi

Abstract Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), known as the disease of the century, is a complex condition that affects millions of people worldwide. IBD is influenced by numerous factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and the gut microbial community, yet the role of microorganisms in driving and controlling the disease remains poorly understood. As we know, preceding studies have mainly focused on assessing gut bacteria and less on bacteriophages or fungi, and no study on interactions of the gut microbial community in patients with IBD has looked at bacteriophages in addition to bacteria and fungi by sex. No distinct microbial regulatory candidate has been proposed so far.Results: Here, metagenomic data were obtained from 456 stool samples of 84 white race volunteers (40 females and 44 males) with no treatment history before sampling. Participants were studied by sex and the disease type using bioinformatics methods. Differences in interactions of bacteriophages, bacteria, fungi, and archaea in the gut of males and females with Crohn's disease were remarkable, indicating the necessity for different therapies for both groups. While, little difference was seen in the gut microbiome relations in females and males with ulcerative colitis.Conclusions: The fungal strain Malassezia globose CBS 7966 beside the bacterial species Bacteroides stercorisin ulcerative colitis and Parabacteroides phage YZ-2015b in Crohn's disease were the sex-independent regulatory candidates. Uncultured crAssphage was recommended as a sex-dependent regulatory candidate for IBD in men. However, the fungus Wickerhamomycesciferrii which had proposed as regulatory candidate in Crohn's disease, was age-dependent in females. Four bacteriophages, such as Escherichia phage pro147, were suggested for study candidates in the metabolism of IBD.


Pathobiology ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Omar Bushara ◽  
David Joseph Escobar ◽  
Samuel Edward Weinberg ◽  
Leyu Sun ◽  
Jie Liao ◽  
...  

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Crohn’s disease (CD) is a condition on the spectrum of inflammatory bowel disease that affects up to 20 people per 100,000 in the US annually, and with incidence increasing. One of the most significant sources of morbidity in CD is the formation of strictures, with resultant intestinal blockage a common indication for hospitalization and surgical intervention in these patients. The pathophysiology of stricture formation is not fully understood. However, the fibroplasia that leads to fibrostenotic stricture formation may have shared pathophysiology with IgG4-related fibrosis. <b><i>Summary:</i></b> Initial intestinal inflammation recruits innate immune cells, such as neutrophils, that secrete IL-1β and IL-23, which induces a type 17 CD4+ T-helper T-cell (Th17)-mediated adaptive immune response. These CD4+ Th17 T cells also contribute to inflammation by secreting proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-21. IL-21 recruits and stimulates CD4+ T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, which secrete more IL-21. This causes ectopic germinal center formation, recruiting and stimulating naïve B cells. The IL-17 and IL-21 produced by Th17 cells and Tfh cells also induce IgG4 plasmablast differentiation. Finally, these IgG4-producing plasmablasts secrete platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), which activates local PDGF-receptor expressing fibroblasts and myofibroblasts, resulting in uncontrolled fibroplasia.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document