closed loop control
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2022 ◽  
Vol 167 ◽  
pp. 108285
Anis Kaci ◽  
Christophe Giraud-Audine ◽  
Frédéric Giraud ◽  
Michel Amberg ◽  
Betty Lemaire-Semail

Dazhou Geng ◽  
Qijuan Chen ◽  
Yang Zheng ◽  
Xuhui Yue ◽  
Donglin Yan

The stabilization of power take-off (PTO) is imperative especially under circumstances of fluctuating input wave energy. In this paper, a flow control valve is introduced to optimize the transient process of the hydraulic PTO, which can contribute to a quicker adjustment and a stronger stability. Under variations of input power and load torque in transient process, an open-loop control method and a closed-loop control method are proposed as the opening law of the above valve, and the hydraulic motor speed, the pressure at the accumulator inlet and the generated power are chosen as indicators to examine the regulation performance. Then, the synergic effect of the flow control valve and the accumulator in the transient process is discussed. The effectiveness of the two presented control methods on the fluctuation suppression is respectively tested and compared in both regular wave and irregular wave situations via simulation. To validate the practical effectiveness of the proposed methods, field experiments are conducted. The results demonstrate that the open-loop control can only improve the damping ability of the hydraulic PTO in the speed raising stage, while the closed-loop control can improve the stability both in the speed raising stage and in the load increasing stage.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 520
Johannes Mersch ◽  
Najmeh Keshtkar ◽  
Henriette Grellmann ◽  
Carlos Alberto Gomez Cuaran ◽  
Mathis Bruns ◽  

Soft actuators are a promising option for the advancing fields of human-machine interaction and dexterous robots in complex environments. Shape memory alloy wire actuators can be integrated into fiber rubber composites for highly deformable structures. For autonomous, closed-loop control of such systems, additional integrated sensors are necessary. In this work, a soft actuator is presented that incorporates fiber-based actuators and sensors to monitor both deformation and temperature. The soft actuator showed considerable deformation around two solid body joints, which was then compared to the sensor signals, and their correlation was analyzed. Both, the actuator as well as the sensor materials were processed by braiding and tailored fiber placement before molding with silicone rubber. Finally, the novel fiber-rubber composite material was used to implement closed-loop control of the actuator with a maximum error of 0.5°.

2022 ◽  
Owen Sinclair ◽  
James Turner ◽  
Chris Nicholls ◽  
Brian Tang ◽  
Marko Bacic

2022 ◽  
pp. 287-306
Mohamed Lamine Hamida ◽  
Arezki Fekik ◽  
Hakim Denoun ◽  
Aghiles Ardjal ◽  
Aicha Aissa Bokhtache

This chapter presents a three-cell flying capacitor converter photovoltaic (PV) system. This system consists of a DC-DC boost power converter connected in series with a multicell inverter. The perturb and observe MPPT technique has been used to extract the maximum power from the solar panel and generate the duty signal to control the switch of the DC-DC converter. The three-cell flying capacitor inverter ensures the conversion of the output voltage of the boost chopper to the alternative voltage. This topology is made up of hybrid association of commutation cells, which makes it possible to share the voltage constraint on several switches. A closed loop control based on PWM has been proposed to control the capacitor voltages of the inverter. The output current is controlled using a PI regulator. The aim of the proposed three cell inverter is to produce an approximate sinusoidal output current with a very low THD. The simulation results assess the effectiveness of the control.

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