closed loop
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2022 ◽  
Vol 167 ◽  
pp. 108285
Anis Kaci ◽  
Christophe Giraud-Audine ◽  
Frédéric Giraud ◽  
Michel Amberg ◽  
Betty Lemaire-Semail

Geothermics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 100 ◽  
pp. 102318
Koenraad F. Beckers ◽  
Nicolás Rangel-Jurado ◽  
Harish Chandrasekar ◽  
Adam J. Hawkins ◽  
Patrick M. Fulton ◽  

M. Venkata Ratnam ◽  
K. Senthil Kumar ◽  
S. Samraj ◽  
Mohammedsani Abdulkadir ◽  
K. Nagamalleswara Rao

Mini Puthenpurakkal Varghese ◽  
Ashwathnarayana Manjunatha ◽  
Thazhathu Veedu Snehaprabha

<p>Modern microprocessors in high-power applications require a low input voltage and a high input current, necessitating the use of multiphase buck converters. As per microprocessor computing complexity, the power requirements of the switching converter will also be more important and will be increasing as per load demand. Previous studies introduced some methods to achieve the advantages associated with multiphase regulators. This paper presents an effective closed closed-loop control scheme for multiphase buck converters that reduces ripple and improves transient response. It is suitable for applications that require regulated output voltage with effectively reduced ripple. The analysis began with a simulation of the entire design using the OrCAD tool, followed by the construction of a hardware setup. Experiments on a 200 Khz, 9 V, 12 A, 2-phase buck voltage regulator were conducted and the proposed experiment found to be useful.</p>

Kybernetes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Hanieh Shambayati ◽  
Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi ◽  
Seyed Mohammad Ali Khatami Firouzabadi ◽  
Mohammad Rahmanimanesh ◽  
Sara Saberi

PurposeSupply chains (SCs) have been growingly virtualized in response to the market challenges and opportunities that are presented by new and cost-effective internet-based technologies today. This paper designed a virtual closed-loop supply chain (VCLSC) network based on multiperiod, multiproduct and by using the Internet of Things (IoT). The purpose of the paper is the optimization of the VCLSC network.Design/methodology/approachThe proposed model considers the maximization of profit. For this purpose, costs related to virtualization such as security, energy consumption, recall and IoT facilities along with the usual costs of the SC are considered in the model. Due to real-world demand fluctuations, in this model, demand is considered fuzzy. Finally, the problem is solved using the Grey Wolf algorithm and Firefly algorithm. A numerical example and sensitivity analysis on the main parameters of the model are used to describe the importance and applicability of the developed model.FindingsThe findings showed that the Firefly algorithm performed better and identified more profit for the SC in each period. Also, the results of the sensitivity analysis using the IoT in a VCLSC showed that the profit of the virtual supply chain (VSC) is higher compared to not using IoT due to tracking defective parts and identifying reversible products. In proposed model, chain members can help improve chain operations by tracking raw materials and products, delivering products faster and with higher quality to customers, bringing a new level of SC efficiency to industries. As a result, VSCs can be controlled, programmed and optimized remotely over the Internet based on virtual objects rather than direct observation.Originality/valueThere are limited researches on designing and optimizing the VCLSC network. This study is one of the first studies that optimize the VSC networks considering minimization of virtual costs and maximization of profits. In most researches, the theory of VSC and its advantages have been described, while in this research, mathematical optimization and modeling of the VSC have been done, and it has been tried to apply SC virtualization using the IoT. Considering virtual costs in VSC optimization is another originality of this research. Also, considering the uncertainty in the SC brings the issue closer to the real world. In this study, virtualization costs including security, recall and energy consumption in SC optimization are considered.HighlightsInvestigates the role of IoT for virtual supply chain profit optimization and mathematical optimization of virtual closed-loop supply chain (VCLSC) based on multiperiod, multiproduct with emphasis on using the IoT under uncertainty.Considering the most important costs of virtualization of supply chain include: cost of IoT information security, cost of IoT energy consumption, cost of recall the production department, cost of IoT facilities.Selection of the optimal suppliers in each period and determination of the price of each returned product in virtual supply chain.Solving and validating the proposed model with two meta-heuristic algorithms (the Grey Wolf algorithm and Firefly algorithm).

Jia Song ◽  
Jiangcheng Su ◽  
Yunlong Hu ◽  
Mingfei Zhao ◽  
Ke Gao

This paper investigates the stability and performance of the linear active disturbance rejection control (LADRC)–based system with uncertainties and external disturbance via transfer functions and a frequency-domain view. The performance of LADRC is compared with the state-observer-based state feedback control (SOSFC) and state feedback control (SFC). First, the transfer functions and the error transfer functions for LADRC, SOSFC, and SFC are studied using the state-space method. It is proven that the LADRC-, SOSFC-, and SFC-based closed-loop systems have the same transfer function from the reference input to the output and achieve the same control effects for the nominal system. Then, it is proven for the first time that the LADRC has a better anti-interference ability than the SOSFC and SFC. Besides, the asymptotic stability condition of LADRC-based closed-loop system considering large parameter perturbations is given first. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis of the closed-loop system is carried out. The results show that the LADRC has stronger robustness under parameter perturbations. According to the results, we conclude that the LADRC is of great disturbance rejection ability and strong robustness.

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