sensitive assay
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2022 ◽  
Song Zhao ◽  
Hongbo Jiang ◽  
Chengbin Gong ◽  
Wenjing Qi ◽  
Lianzhe Hu ◽  

A novel fluorescent sensor based on an asymmetric anthracene derivatives (SSAPA) was designed and synthesized. By using this molecule, a rapid and sensitive assay for detecting Tb3+ and ATP in...

Pain ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Brandon J. Rea ◽  
Abigail Davison ◽  
Martin-Junior Ketcha ◽  
Kylie J. Smith ◽  
Aaron M. Fairbanks ◽  

Hiroya Tomita ◽  
Yohei Katsuyama ◽  
Yasuo Ohnishi

Abstract Nitroaromatic compounds are essential materials for chemical industry, but they are also potentially toxic environmental pollutants. Therefore, their sensitive detection and degradation are important concerns. The microbial degradation pathways of nitroaromatic compounds have been studied in detail, but their usefulness needs to be evaluated to understand their potential applications in bioremediation. Here, we developed a rapid and relatively sensitive assay system to evaluate the activities and substrate specificities of nitroaromatic dioxygenases involved in the oxidative biodegradation of nitroaromatic compounds. In this system, nitrous acid, which was released from the nitroaromatic compounds by the dioxygenases, was detected and quantified using the Saltzman reagent. Escherichia coli producing the 3-nitrobenzoic acid dioxygenase complex MnbAB from Comamonas sp. JS46 clearly showed the apparent substrate specificity of MnbAB as follows. MnbAB accepted not only 3-nitrobenzoic acid but also several other p- and m-nitrobenzoic acid derivatives as substrates, although it much preferred 3-nitrobenzoic acid to others. Furthermore, the presence of a hydroxy or an amino group at the ortho position of the nitro group decreased the activity of MnbAB. In addition, MnbAB accepted 2-(4-nitrophenyl)acetic acid as a substrate, which has one additional methylene group between the aromatic ring and the carboxy group of 3-nitrobenzoic acid. This is the first report about the detailed substrate specificity of MnbAB. Our system can be used for other nitroaromatic dioxygenases and contribute to their characterization.

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