mobile sensors
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2022 ◽  
Vol 72 ◽  
pp. 103355
Xiaodan Wu ◽  
Yumeng Zheng ◽  
Chao-Hsien Chu ◽  
Lingyu Cheng ◽  
Jungyoon Kim

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-48
Sajal K. Das ◽  
Rafał Kapelko

This article deals with reliable and unreliable mobile sensors having identical sensing radius r , communication radius R , provided that r ≤ R and initially randomly deployed on the plane by dropping them from an aircraft according to general random process. The sensors have to move from their initial random positions to the final destinations to provide greedy path k 1 -coverage simultaneously with k 2 -connectivity. In particular, we are interested in assigning the sensing radius r and communication radius R to minimize the time required and the energy consumption of transportation cost for sensors to provide the desired k 1 -coverage with k 2 -connectivity. We prove that for both of these optimization problems, the optimal solution is to assign the sensing radius equal to r = k 1 || E [S]||/2 and the communication radius R = k 2 || E [S]||/2, where || E [S]|| is the characteristic of general random process according to which the sensors are deployed. When r < k 1 || E [S]||/2 or R < k 2 || E [S]||/ 2, and sensors are reliable, we discover and explain the sharp increase in the time required and the energy consumption in transportation cost to ensure the desired k 1 -coverage with k 2 -connectivity.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (23) ◽  
pp. 7867
Yanjie Guo ◽  
Zhaoyi Xu ◽  
Joseph Saleh

In this study, a novel collaborative method is developed to optimize hybrid sensor networks (HSN) for environmental monitoring and anomaly search tasks. A weighted Gaussian coverage method hs been designed for static sensor allocation, and the Active Monitoring and Anomaly Search System method is adapted to mobile sensor path planning. To validate the network performance, a simulation environment has been developed for fire search and detection with dynamic temperature field and non-uniform fire probability distribution. The performance metrics adopted are the detection time lag, source localization uncertainty, and state estimation error. Computational experiments are conducted to evaluate the performance of HSNs. The results demonstrate that the optimal collaborative deployment strategy allocates static sensors at high-risk locations and directs mobile sensors to patrol the remaining low-risk areas. The results also identify the conditions under which HSNs significantly outperform either only static or only mobile sensor networks in terms of the monitoring performance metrics.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
Julio Vega ◽  
Meng Li ◽  
Kwesi Aguillera ◽  
Nikunj Goel ◽  
Echhit Joshi ◽  

Smartphone and wearable devices are widely used in behavioral and clinical research to collect longitudinal data that, along with ground truth data, are used to create models of human behavior. Mobile sensing researchers often program data processing and analysis code from scratch even though many research teams collect data from similar mobile sensors, platforms, and devices. This leads to significant inefficiency in not being able to replicate and build on others' work, inconsistency in quality of code and results, and lack of transparency when code is not shared alongside publications. We provide an overview of Reproducible Analysis Pipeline for Data Streams (RAPIDS), a reproducible pipeline to standardize the preprocessing, feature extraction, analysis, visualization, and reporting of data streams coming from mobile sensors. RAPIDS is formed by a group of R and Python scripts that are executed on top of reproducible virtual environments, orchestrated by a workflow management system, and organized following a consistent file structure for data science projects. We share open source, documented, extensible and tested code to preprocess, extract, and visualize behavioral features from data collected with any Android or iOS smartphone sensing app as well as Fitbit and Empatica wearable devices. RAPIDS allows researchers to process mobile sensor data in a rigorous and reproducible way. This saves time and effort during the data analysis phase of a project and facilitates sharing analysis workflows alongside publications.

2021 ◽  
Michalis Diamantaris ◽  
Serafeim Moustakas ◽  
Lichao Sun ◽  
Sotiris Ioannidis ◽  
Jason Polakis

2021 ◽  
Harsh Agrawal ◽  
Aditya Gupta ◽  
Aryan Sharma ◽  
Prabhat Singh

Buildings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 458
Yanan Zhao ◽  
Zihan Zang ◽  
Weirong Zhang ◽  
Shen Wei ◽  
Yingli Xuan

In practical building control, quickly obtaining detailed indoor temperature distribution is necessary for providing satisfying personal comfort and improving building energy efficiency. The aim of this study is to propose a fast prediction method for indoor temperature distribution without knowing the thermal boundary conditions in practical applications. In this method, the index of contribution ratio of indoor climate (CRI), which represents the independent contribution of each heat source to the temperature distribution, has been combined with the air temperature collected by one mobile sensor at the height of the working area. Based on a typical office model, the effectiveness of using mobile sensors was discussed, and the influence of its acquisition height and acquisition distance on the prediction accuracy was analyzed as well. The results showed that the proposed prediction method was effective. When the sensors fixed on the wall were used to predict the indoor temperature distribution, the maximum average relative error was 27.7%, whereas when the mobile sensor was used to replace the fixed sensors, the maximum average relative error was 4.8%. This indicates that using mobile sensors with flexible acquisition location can help promote both reliability and accuracy of temperature prediction. In the human activity area, data from a set of mobile sensors were used to predict the temperature distribution at four heights. The prediction accuracy was 2.1%, 2.1%, 2.3%, and 2.7%, respectively. However, the influence of acquisition distance of mobile sensors on prediction accuracy cannot be ignored. The distance should be large enough to disperse the distribution of the acquisition points. Due to the influence of airflow, some distance between the acquisition points and the room boundaries should be given.

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