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2022 ◽  
Vol 204 ◽  
pp. 111181
Wei Yong ◽  
Hongtao Zhang ◽  
Huadong Fu ◽  
Yaliang Zhu ◽  
Jie He ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (3) ◽  
pp. 0-0

The study aims to establish a platform-based enterprise credit supervision mechanism, and combined with big data, accurately evaluate the credit assets of enterprises under the influence of social stability risk, and improve the ability of enterprises to deal with risks. Using descriptive statistical methods, the study shows that most local enterprises exist in the form of micro loans, which promotes the development of local economy to a certain extent, but it is a vicious cycle of economic development; The overall prediction accuracy of the single enterprise risk assessment model under the influence of social stability risk is 65%. Compared with the single algorithm, the prediction accuracy of the integrated algorithm model is significantly improved, and the prediction accuracy can reach 83.5%, the standard deviation of data prediction is small, and the stability of the model is high.

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-21
Honghui Xu ◽  
Zhipeng Cai ◽  
Wei Li

Multi-label image recognition has been an indispensable fundamental component for many real computer vision applications. However, a severe threat of privacy leakage in multi-label image recognition has been overlooked by existing studies. To fill this gap, two privacy-preserving models, Privacy-Preserving Multi-label Graph Convolutional Networks (P2-ML-GCN) and Robust P2-ML-GCN (RP2-ML-GCN), are developed in this article, where differential privacy mechanism is implemented on the model’s outputs so as to defend black-box attack and avoid large aggregated noise simultaneously. In particular, a regularization term is exploited in the loss function of RP2-ML-GCN to increase the model prediction accuracy and robustness. After that, a proper differential privacy mechanism is designed with the intention of decreasing the bias of loss function in P2-ML-GCN and increasing prediction accuracy. Besides, we analyze that a bounded global sensitivity can mitigate excessive noise’s side effect and obtain a performance improvement for multi-label image recognition in our models. Theoretical proof shows that our two models can guarantee differential privacy for model’s outputs, weights and input features while preserving model robustness. Finally, comprehensive experiments are conducted to validate the advantages of our proposed models, including the implementation of differential privacy on model’s outputs, the incorporation of regularization term into loss function, and the adoption of bounded global sensitivity for multi-label image recognition.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 397
Fangfang Zhang ◽  
Changkun Wang ◽  
Kai Pan ◽  
Zhiying Guo ◽  
Jie Liu ◽  

Remote sensing of land surface mostly obtains a mixture of spectral information of soil and vegetation. It is thus of great value if soil and vegetation information can be acquired simultaneously from one model. In this study, we designed a laboratory experiment to simulate land surface compositions, including various soil types with varying soil moisture and vegetation coverage. A model of a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1DCNN) was established to simultaneously estimate soil properties (organic matter, soil moisture, clay, and sand) and vegetation coverage based on the hyperspectral data measured in the experiment. The results showed that the model achieved excellent predictions for soil properties (R2 = 0.88–0.91, RPIQ = 4.01–5.78) and vegetation coverage (R2 = 0.95, RPIQ = 7.75). Compared with the partial least squares regression (PLSR), the prediction accuracy of 1DCNN improved 42.20%, 45.82%, 43.32%, and 36.46% in terms of the root-mean-squared error (RMSE) for predicting soil organic matter, sand, clay, and soil moisture, respectively. The improvement might be caused by the fact that the spectral preprocessing and spectral features useful for predicting soil properties were successfully identified in the 1DCNN model. For the prediction of vegetation coverage, although the prediction accuracy by 1DCNN was excellent, its performance (R2 = 0.95, RPIQ = 7.75, RMSE = 3.92%) was lower than the PLSR model (R2 = 0.98, RPIQ = 12.57, RMSE = 2.41%). These results indicate that 1DCNN can simultaneously predict soil properties and vegetation coverage. However, the factors such as surface roughness and vegetation type that could affect the prediction accuracy should be investigated in the future.

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 158
Ain Cheon ◽  
Jwakyung Sung ◽  
Hangbae Jun ◽  
Heewon Jang ◽  
Minji Kim ◽  

The application of a machine learning (ML) model to bio-electrochemical anaerobic digestion (BEAD) is a future-oriented approach for improving process stability by predicting performances that have nonlinear relationships with various operational parameters. Five ML models, which included tree-, regression-, and neural network-based algorithms, were applied to predict the methane yield in BEAD reactor. The results showed that various 1-step ahead ML models, which utilized prior data of BEAD performances, could enhance prediction accuracy. In addition, 1-step ahead with retraining algorithm could improve prediction accuracy by 37.3% compared with the conventional multi-step ahead algorithm. The improvement was particularly noteworthy in tree- and regression-based ML models. Moreover, 1-step ahead with retraining algorithm showed high potential of achieving efficient prediction using pH as a single input data, which is plausibly an easier monitoring parameter compared with the other parameters required in bioprocess models.

PPAR Research ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-17
Minghui Tang ◽  
Jingyao Wang ◽  
Liangsheng Fan

Endometrial cancer is a common malignant tumor in gynecology, and the prognosis of advanced patients is dismal. Recently, many studies on the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor pathway have elucidated its crucial involvement in endometrial cancer. Copy number variation (CNA) and nucleotide mutations often occur in tumor tissues, leading to abnormal protein expression and changes in protein structure. We analyzed the exon sequencing data of endometrial cancer patients in the TCGA database and found that somatic changes in PPAR pathway-related genes (PPAR-related-gene) often occur in UCEC patients. Patients with CNA or mutation changes in the exon region of the PPAR-related-gene usually have different prognostic outcomes. Furthermore, we found that the mRNA transcription and protein translation levels of PPAR-related-gene in UCEC are significantly different from that of adjacent tissues/normal uterus. The transcription level of some PPAR-related-gene (DBI, CPT1A, CYP27A1, and ME1) is significantly linked to the prognosis of UCEC patients. We further constructed a prognostic predicting tool called PPAR Risk score, a prognostic prediction tool that is a strong independent risk factor for the overall survival rate of UCEC patients. Comparing to the typical TNM classification system, this tool has higher prediction accuracy. We created a nomogram by combining PPAR Risk score with clinical characteristics of patients in order to increase prediction accuracy and promote clinical use. In summary, our study demonstrated that PPAR-related-gene in UCEC had significant alterations in CNA, nucleotide mutations, and mRNA transcription levels. These findings can provide a fresh perspective for postoperative survival prediction and individualized therapy of UCEC patients.

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 149
Waqar Khan ◽  
Lingfu Kong ◽  
Brekhna Brekhna ◽  
Ling Wang ◽  
Huigui Yan

Streaming feature selection has always been an excellent method for selecting the relevant subset of features from high-dimensional data and overcoming learning complexity. However, little attention is paid to online feature selection through the Markov Blanket (MB). Several studies based on traditional MB learning presented low prediction accuracy and used fewer datasets as the number of conditional independence tests is high and consumes more time. This paper presents a novel algorithm called Online Feature Selection Via Markov Blanket (OFSVMB) based on a statistical conditional independence test offering high accuracy and less computation time. It reduces the number of conditional independence tests and incorporates the online relevance and redundant analysis to check the relevancy between the upcoming feature and target variable T, discard the redundant features from Parents-Child (PC) and Spouses (SP) online, and find PC and SP simultaneously. The performance OFSVMB is compared with traditional MB learning algorithms including IAMB, STMB, HITON-MB, BAMB, and EEMB, and Streaming feature selection algorithms including OSFS, Alpha-investing, and SAOLA on 9 benchmark Bayesian Network (BN) datasets and 14 real-world datasets. For the performance evaluation, F1, precision, and recall measures are used with a significant level of 0.01 and 0.05 on benchmark BN and real-world datasets, including 12 classifiers keeping a significant level of 0.01. On benchmark BN datasets with 500 and 5000 sample sizes, OFSVMB achieved significant accuracy than IAMB, STMB, HITON-MB, BAMB, and EEMB in terms of F1, precision, recall, and running faster. It finds more accurate MB regardless of the size of the features set. In contrast, OFSVMB offers substantial improvements based on mean prediction accuracy regarding 12 classifiers with small and large sample sizes on real-world datasets than OSFS, Alpha-investing, and SAOLA but slower than OSFS, Alpha-investing, and SAOLA because these algorithms only find the PC set but not SP. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis shows that OFSVMB is more accurate in selecting the optimal features.

Information ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 36
Kejing Zhao ◽  
Jinliang Zhang ◽  
Qing Liu

The reasonable pricing of options can effectively help investors avoid risks and obtain benefits, which plays a very important role in the stability of the financial market. The traditional single option pricing model often fails to meet the ideal expectations due to its limited conditions. Combining an economic model with a deep learning model to establish a hybrid model provides a new method to improve the prediction accuracy of the pricing model. This includes the usage of real historical data of about 10,000 sets of CSI 300 ETF options from January to December 2020 for experimental analysis. Aiming at the prediction problem of CSI 300ETF option pricing, based on the importance of random forest features, the Convolutional Neural Network and Long Short-Term Memory model (CNN-LSTM) in deep learning is combined with a typical stochastic volatility Heston model and stochastic interests CIR model in parameter models. The dual hybrid pricing model of the call option and the put option of CSI 300ETF is established. The dual-hybrid model and the reference model are integrated with ridge regression to further improve the forecasting effect. The results show that the dual-hybrid pricing model proposed in this paper has high accuracy, and the prediction accuracy is tens to hundreds of times higher than the reference model; moreover, MSE can be as low as 0.0003. The article provides an alternative method for the pricing of financial derivatives.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 757
Xiaofeng Wang ◽  
Baochang Liu ◽  
Jiaqi Yun ◽  
Xueqi Wang ◽  
Haoliang Bai

The connection between the steel joint and aluminum alloy pipe is the weak part of the aluminum alloy drill pipe. Practically, the interference connection between the aluminum alloy rod and the steel joint is usually realized by thermal assembly. In this paper, the relationship between the cooling water flow rate, initial heating temperature and the thermal deformation of the steel joint in interference thermal assembly was studied and predicted. Firstly, the temperature data of each measuring point of the steel joint were obtained by a thermal assembly experiment. Based on the theory of thermoelasticity, the analytical solution of the thermal deformation of the steel joint was studied. The temperature function was fitted by the least square method, and the calculated value of radial thermal deformation of the section was finally obtained. Based on the BP neural network algorithm, the thermal deformation of steel joint section was predicted. Besides, a prediction model was established, which was about the relationship between cooling water flow rate, initial heating temperature and interference. The magnitude of interference fit of steel joint was predicted. The magnitude of the interference fit of the steel joint was predicted. A polynomial model, exponential model and Gaussian model were adopted to predict the sectional deformation so as to compare and analyze the predictive performance of a BP neural network, among which the polynomial model was used to predict the magnitude of the interference fit. Through a comparative analysis of the fitting residual (RE) and sum of squares of the error (SSE), it can be known that a BP neural network has good prediction accuracy. The predicted results showed that the error of the prediction model increases with the increase of the heating temperature in the prediction model of the steel node interference and related factors. When the cooling water velocity hit 0.038 m/s, the prediction accuracy was the highest. The prediction error increases with the increase or decrease of the velocity. Especially when the velocity increases, the trend of error increasing became more obvious. The analysis shows that this method has better prediction accuracy.

Computation ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Korab Rrmoku ◽  
Besnik Selimi ◽  
Lule Ahmedi

Receiving a recommendation for a certain item or a place to visit is now a common experience. However, the issue of trustworthiness regarding the recommended items/places remains one of the main concerns. In this paper, we present an implementation of the Naive Bayes classifier, one of the most powerful classes of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence algorithms in existence, to improve the accuracy of the recommendation and raise the trustworthiness confidence of the users and items within a network. Our approach is proven as a feasible one, since it reached the prediction accuracy of 89%, with a confidence of approximately 0.89, when applied to an online dataset of a social network. Naive Bayes algorithms, in general, are widely used on recommender systems because they are fast and easy to implement. However, the requirement for predictors to be independent remains a challenge due to the fact that in real-life scenarios, the predictors are usually dependent. As such, in our approach we used a larger training dataset; hence, the response vector has a higher selection quantity, thus empowering a higher determining accuracy.

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