density estimation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 193 ◽  
pp. 106678
Linh Nguyen ◽  
Dung K. Nguyen ◽  
Truong X. Nghiem ◽  
Thang Nguyen

Ying-Xiang Hu ◽  
Rui-Sheng Jia ◽  
Yong-Chao Li ◽  
Qi Zhang ◽  
Hong-Mei Sun

S Raja Rajeswari ◽  
Dr. A. John Sanjeev Kumar

Opinion mining has become a major part in today's economy. People would want to know more about a product and the customers opinion before buying it. Companies would also want to know the opinions of the customers. Therefore, analyzing the customer’s opinion is important. A new customer would consider a product as good by analyzing the opinions of other customers. The opinions are collected from various areas, which include blogs, web forums, and product review sites. Classifying these large set of opinions requires a good classifier. In view of this, a comparative study of three classification techniques - Naive Bayes classifier with Kernel Density Estimation (KDE), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Decision Tree and KNN was made. To evaluate the classifier accuracy, precision, recall and F-measure techniques are used. Experimental results show that the Naive Bayes with Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) classifier achieved higher accuracy among others.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 55
Guiming Zhang

Volunteer-contributed geographic data (VGI) is an important source of geospatial big data that support research and applications. A major concern on VGI data quality is that the underlying observation processes are inherently biased. Detecting observation hot-spots thus helps better understand the bias. Enabled by the parallel kernel density estimation (KDE) computational tool that can run on multiple GPUs (graphics processing units), this study conducted point pattern analyses on tens of millions of iNaturalist observations to detect and visualize volunteers’ observation hot-spots across spatial scales. It was achieved by setting varying KDE bandwidths in accordance with the spatial scales at which hot-spots are to be detected. The succession of estimated density surfaces were then rendered at a sequence of map scales for visual detection of hot-spots. This study offers an effective geovisualization scheme for hierarchically detecting hot-spots in massive VGI datasets, which is useful for understanding the pattern-shaping drivers that operate at multiple spatial scales. This research exemplifies a computational tool that is supported by high-performance computing and capable of efficiently detecting and visualizing multi-scale hot-spots in geospatial big data and contributes to expanding the toolbox for geospatial big data analytics.

2022 ◽  
Xiaodong Zhang ◽  
Anand Natarajan

Abstract. Uncertainty quantification is a necessary step in wind turbine design due to the random nature of the environmental loads, through which the uncertainty of structural loads and responses under specific situations can be quantified. Specifically, wind turbulence has a significant impact on the extreme and fatigue design envelope of the wind turbine. The wind parameters (mean and standard deviation of 10-minute wind speed) are usually not independent, and it will lead to biased results for structural reliability or uncertainty quantification assuming the wind parameters are independent. A proper probabilistic model should be established to model the correlation among wind parameters. Compared to univariate distributions, theoretical multivariate distributions are limited and not flexible enough to model the wind parameters from different sites or direction sectors. Copula-based models are used often for correlation description, but existing parametric copulas may not model the correlation among wind parameters well due to limitations of the copula structures. The Gaussian mixture model is widely applied for density estimation and clustering in many domains, but limited studies were conducted in wind energy and few used it for density estimation of wind parameters. In this paper, the Gaussian mixture model is used to model the joint distribution of mean and standard deviation of 10-minute wind speed, which is calculated from 15 years of wind measurement time series data. As a comparison, the Nataf transformation (Gaussian copula) and Gumbel copula are compared with the Gaussian mixture model in terms of the estimated marginal distributions and conditional distributions. The Gaussian mixture model is then adopted to estimate the extreme wind turbulence, which could be taken as an input to design loads used in the ultimate design limit state of turbine structures. The wind turbulence associated with a 50-year return period computed from the Gaussian mixture model is compared with what is utilized in the design of wind turbines as given in the IEC 61400-1.

2022 ◽  
pp. 65-98
Fouzi Harrou ◽  
Abdelhafid Zeroual ◽  
Mohamad Mazen Hittawe ◽  
Ying Sun

2022 ◽  
Vol 155 ◽  
pp. 210-239
Mike Pereira ◽  
Pinar Boyraz Baykas ◽  
Balázs Kulcsár ◽  
Annika Lang

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