cellulose nanocrystals
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2022 ◽  
Vol 31 ◽  
pp. 100807
Author(s):  
Marcio S. Andrade ◽  
Otávio H. Ishikawa ◽  
Robson S. Costa ◽  
Marcus V.S. Seixas ◽  
Rita C.L.B. Rodrigues ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 ◽  
pp. 100711
Author(s):  
Sarah A.E. Young ◽  
Joy Muthami ◽  
Mica Pitcher ◽  
Petar Antovski ◽  
Patricia Wamea ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114446
Author(s):  
Anderson F. Manoel ◽  
Pedro I.C. Claro ◽  
Fabio Galvani ◽  
Luiz H.C. Mattoso ◽  
Jose M. Marconcini ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-3
Author(s):  
Jack A Adem ◽  
◽  
John O Agumba ◽  
Godfrey O Barasa ◽  
Angeline A Ochung ◽  
...  

In this study, the fingerprint of the acid concentration during the hydrolysis process on the optical band gap of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) has been systematically studied. The CNCs have been prepared using hydrochloric acid at a hydrolysis temperature of 50°C and at a constant hydrolysis time of 4 hours but with varying hydrochloric cid concentrations of 5%, 10% and 15%. The crystalline structure and phase identification of the CNCs have been studied using XRD technique. UV-Vis Spectroscopy has been done and the optical band gap energy calculated by performing the Tauc’s plot. From the study, the grain size has been found to decrease with acid concentration while the band gap energy has been found to increase with increasing acid concentration. Further, the optical band gaps of the CNCs have been found to decrease with the increase in crystallite size. This shrinkage of the band gap has been attributed to the increased impurity concentration leading to the narrowing of the band gap due to the emerging of the impurity band formed by the overlapped impurity states


Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 340
Author(s):  
Marina I. Voronova ◽  
Darya L. Gurina ◽  
Oleg V. Surov

Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)/polycaprolactone (PHBV/PCL) polymer mixtures reinforced by cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) have been obtained. To improve the CNC compatibility with the hydrophobic PHBV/PCL matrix, the CNC surface was modified by amphiphilic polymers, i.e., polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and polyacrylamide (PAM). The polymer composites were characterized by FTIR, DSC, TG, XRD, microscopy, BET surface area, and tensile testing. The morphological, sorption, thermal, and mechanical properties of the obtained composites have been studied. It was found out that with an increase in the CNC content in the composites, the porosity of the films increased, which was reflected in an increase in their specific surface areas and water sorption. An analysis of the IR spectra confirms that hydrogen bonds can be formed between the CNC hydroxyl- and the –CO– groups of PCL and PHBV. The thermal decomposition of CNC in the PHBV/PCL/CNC composites starts at a much higher temperature than the decomposition of pure CNC. It was revealed that CNCs can either induce crystallization and the polymer crystallite growth or act as a compatibilizer of a mixture of the polymers causing their amorphization. The CNC addition significantly reduces the elongation and strength of the composites, but changes Young’s modulus insignificantly, i.e., the mechanical properties of the composites are retained under conditions of small linear deformations. A molecular-dynamics simulation of several systems, starting from simplest binary (solvent-polymer) and finishing with multi-component (CNC—polymer mixture—solvent) systems, has been made. It is concluded that the surface modification of CNCs with amphiphilic polymers makes it possible to obtain the CNC composites with hydrophobic polymer matrices.


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