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2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
N. N. H. Shosha ◽  
S. Elmasry ◽  
M. Moawad ◽  
S. H. Ismail ◽  
M. Elsayed

Abstract Nanoparticles are considered viable options in the treatment of cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) and magnetite folate core shell (MFCS) on leukemic and hepatocarcinoma cell cultures as well as their effect on the animal model of acute myelocytic leukemia (AML). Through current study nanoparticles were synthesized, characterized by various techniques, and their properties were studied to confirm their nanostructure. Invivo study, nanoparticles were evaluated to inspect their cytotoxic activity against SNU-182 (human hepatocellular carcinoma), K562 (human leukemia), and THLE2 (human normal epithelial liver) cells via MTT test. Apoptotic signaling proteins Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 expression were inspected through RT-PCR method. A cytotoxic effect of MNPs and MFCS was detected in previous cell cultures. Moreover, the apoptosis was identified through significant up-regulation of caspase-3, with Bcl-2 down-regulation. Invitro study, AML was induced in rats by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea followed by oral treatment with MNPS and MFCS. Biochemical indices such as aspartate and alanine amino transferases, and lactate dehydrogenase activities, uric acid, complete blood count, and Beta -2-microglubulin were assessed in serum. Immunophenotyping for CD34 and CD38 detection was performed. Liver, kidney, and bone marrow were microscopically examined. Bcl-2 promoter methylation, and mRNA levels were examined. Although, both MNPs and MFCS depict amelioration in biochemical parameters, MFCS alleviated them toward normal control. Anticancer activity of MNPs and MFCS was approved especially for AML. Whenever, administration of MFCS was more effective than MNPs. The present work is one of few studies used MFCS as anticancer agent.


Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 313 ◽  
pp. 122997
Author(s):  
Jinshe Chen ◽  
Kun Chen ◽  
Wenxi Shi ◽  
Zhichao Pan ◽  
Junjie Yang ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 141 ◽  
pp. 106400
Author(s):  
K.A. Rodríguez-Magdaleno ◽  
R. Pérez-Álvarez ◽  
F. Ungan ◽  
J.C. Martínez-Orozco

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 ◽  
pp. 259-265
Author(s):  
Yihan Chen ◽  
Longxing Su ◽  
Mingming Jiang ◽  
Xiaosheng Fang
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
Vol 211 ◽  
pp. 114502
Author(s):  
Tianjiao Lei ◽  
Mingjie Xu ◽  
Jungho Shin ◽  
Daniel S. Gianola ◽  
Timothy J. Rupert

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