band gap
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2022 ◽  
Vol 142 ◽  
pp. 106443
Salma Aman ◽  
Hind Albalawi ◽  
Hafiz Muhammad Tahir Farid ◽  
Khaled H. Mahmoud ◽  
Zeinhom M. El-Bahy

Ahmed Thabet ◽  
Safaa Abdelhady ◽  
Youssef Mobarak

<span>This paper investigates on new design of heterojunction quantum dot (HJQD) photovoltaics solar cells CdS/PbS that is based on quantum dot metallics PbS core/shell absorber layer and quantum dot window layer. It has been enhanced the performance of traditional HJQD thin film solar cells model based on quantum dot absorber layer and bulk window layer. The new design has been used sub-micro absorber layer thickness to achieve high efficiency with material reduction, low cost, and time. Metallics-semiconductor core/shell absorber layer has been succeeded for improving the optical characteristics such energy band gap and the absorption of absorber layer materials, also enhancing the performance of HJQD ITO/CdS/QDPbS/Au, sub micro thin film solar cells. Finally, it has been formulating the quantum dot (QD) metallic cores concentration effect on the absorption, energy band gap and electron-hole generation rate in absorber layers, external quantum efficiency, energy conversion efficiency, fill factor of the innovative design of HJQD cells.</span>

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-3
Jack A Adem ◽  
John O Agumba ◽  
Godfrey O Barasa ◽  
Angeline A Ochung ◽  

In this study, the fingerprint of the acid concentration during the hydrolysis process on the optical band gap of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) has been systematically studied. The CNCs have been prepared using hydrochloric acid at a hydrolysis temperature of 50°C and at a constant hydrolysis time of 4 hours but with varying hydrochloric cid concentrations of 5%, 10% and 15%. The crystalline structure and phase identification of the CNCs have been studied using XRD technique. UV-Vis Spectroscopy has been done and the optical band gap energy calculated by performing the Tauc’s plot. From the study, the grain size has been found to decrease with acid concentration while the band gap energy has been found to increase with increasing acid concentration. Further, the optical band gaps of the CNCs have been found to decrease with the increase in crystallite size. This shrinkage of the band gap has been attributed to the increased impurity concentration leading to the narrowing of the band gap due to the emerging of the impurity band formed by the overlapped impurity states

2022 ◽  
Vol 202 ◽  
pp. 110967
Ricardo Espinosa ◽  
Hiram Ponce ◽  
Josue Ortiz-Medina

2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 111144
Jose Mario Galicia-Hernandez ◽  
J. Guerrero-Sanchez ◽  
R. Ponce-Perez ◽  
H.N. Fernandez-Escamilla ◽  
Gregorio H. Cocoletzi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 111049
Jaafar Jalilian ◽  
Ghasem Rezaei ◽  
Behrooz Vaseghi ◽  
Faramarz Kanjouri ◽  
Sheida Fakhri ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 111157
Haoyang Yu ◽  
Xuefen Cai ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Zhi-Hao Wang ◽  
Su-Huai Wei

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