transmit antenna selection
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Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (23) ◽  
pp. 8064
Binod Kharel ◽  
Onel Luis Alcaraz López ◽  
Hirley Alves ◽  
Matti Latva-aho

This paper focuses on edge-enabled cloud radio access network architecture to achieve ultra-reliable communication, a crucial enabler for supporting mission-critical machine-type communication networks. We propose coordinated multi-point transmission schemes taking advantage of diversity mechanisms in interference-limited downlink cellular networks. The network scenario comprises spatially distributed multiple remote radio heads (RRHs) that may cooperate through silencing, or by using more elaborated diversity strategies such as maximum ratio transmission or transmit antenna selection to serve user equipment in the ultra-reliable operation regime. We derive an exact closed-form expression for the outage probabilities and expected values of signal-to-interference ratio for silencing, transmit antenna selection and maximum ratio transmission schemes. We formulate rate control and energy efficiency under reliability constraints to test the performance and resource usage of the proposed schemes. Furthermore, we study the impact on average system sum throughput with throughput-reliability trade-off under cooperative communication. Extensive numerical analysis shows the feasibility of ultra-reliable communication by implementing diversity schemes with RRHs cooperation.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Nitin Tejram Deotale

Purpose To enhance the performance transmit antenna selection (TAS) of spatial modulation (SM), systems technique needs to be essential. This TAS is an effective technique for reducing the multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems computational difficulty, and bit error rate (BER) can increase remarkably by various TAS algorithms. But these selection methods cannot provide code gain, so it is essential to join the TAS with external code to obtain cy -ode gain advantages in BER. Design/methodology/approach In this paper, Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghem (BCH)-Turbo code TC is combined with the orthogonal space time block code system. Findings In some existing work, the improved BER has been perceived by joining forward error correction code and space time block code (STBC) for MIMO systems provided greater code gain. The proposed work can provide increasing code gain and the effective advantages of the TAS-OSTBC system. Originality/value To perform the system analysis, Rayleigh channel is used. In the case with multiple TAS-OSTBC systems, better performance can provide by this new joint of the BCH-Turbo compared to the conventional Turbo code for the Rayleigh fading.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (08) ◽  
pp. 523-531
Mehak Saini ◽  
Surender K. Grewal ◽  

Though MIMO systems improve performance of a wireless communication network by the usage of multiple antennas, demand of distinct set of RF chain (i.e., electronic components required for antenna transmission and reception, in wireless communication) for all the antennas leads to an increase in complexity and cost. Antenna selection technique of MIMO has proved to be a good means to solve this issue. Antenna Selection methods find optimal number of antennas required out of the total antennas present in the MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) system. The selection of antenna can be performed at both ends of the communication network i.e., transmitter or receiver. In this paper, an overview of various Transmit Antenna Selection techniques for various MIMO systems is presented.

2021 ◽  
Charanjeet Singh ◽  
P.C.Kishore Raja

Abstract “Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output (M-MIMO) systems specifically refers to a practical technique for sending and receiving more than one data signal simultaneously over the same radio channel by exploiting multipath propagation”. It depends on several antennas for transferring varied data streams simultaneously. With the increase in count of antennas, the energy or power utilization also gets increased. Thus, it becomes necessary to select optimal transmit antennas that exist as the great challenge in M-MIMO systems. This work introduces a new “Hybrid Sea Lion-Whale Algorithm (HS-WA)” for selecting the optimal transmit antenna by considering the multi-objectives, which increases both capacity and efficiency. The adopted scheme is the combination of both “Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) and Sea Lion Optimization Algorithm (SLnO)” that optimizes the antenna’s count and moreover, it finds out “which antenna to be selected”. At last, the supremacy of presented model is confirmed over existing models in terms EE and capacity analysis.

2021 ◽  
Vinoth Babu Kumaravelu ◽  
Gudla Vishnu Vardhan ◽  
Asha S ◽  
Prakasam P ◽  
Arthi Murugadass ◽  

Abstract The next generation technologies like device-to-device ( D2D ) and small cells employ small scale multiple input multiple output ( MIMO ) systems for peer-to-peer ( P2P ) communications. Due to higher spectral and energy efficiencies , spatial modulation (SM) has become one of the dominant next generation technologies. To maximize spectral efficiency and user experience, high rate SM variants like fully generalized spatial modulation ( FGSM ) can be employed for P2P applications. Due to insufficient spacing between antenna elements of devices, access points (AP), millimetre wave ( mmWave ) and sub- THz bands of operations, the performance of SM variants are hindered in P2P scenarios. The average bit error rate ( ABER ) performance of FGSM is severely degraded by atleast 13 dB under spatially correlated channel conditions. To enhance the performance of FGSM , three different transmit antenna selection ( TAS ) schemes are utilized, which eliminate transmit antennas with maximum spatial correlation. First TAS scheme performs antenna selection based on spatial correlation angle alone, whereas other two schemes use channel capacity in addition to spatial correlation angle. Through extensive Monte Carlo simulations, it has been proved that TAS based on spatial correlation ( TAS -SC- FGSM ) scheme offers a performance gain of at least 8 dB over conventional FGSM without antenna selection ( FGSM - NTAS ). TAS -SC- FGSM also outperforms other two hybrid TAS schemes at the cost of higher computational complexity.

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