composite electrodes
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Crystals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 115
Xiaoli Wang ◽  
Yin Wang ◽  
Xinyu Zhao

The development of superior electrochemical energy-storage devices designed through a facile, cost-efficient, and green synthesis technique is the key to addressing the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy. In our present work, we design a simple, surfactant-free, and low-temperature chemical strategy to prepare novel integrated, MnO2 composite electrodes with two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet film directly supported on three-dimensional (3D) conductive nickel foam. Benefiting from the specific 2D nanosheet architecture to provide a large interfacial contact area and highly conductive metal scaffolds to facilitate fast electron transfer, the novel nanosheet-assembled MnO2-integrated electrodes exhibit higher specific capacitance of 446 F g−1 at the current density of 1 A g−1 compared with nanostructured MnO2 and commercial MnO2 powder electrodes. More importantly, the as-synthesized devices are able to achieve an outstanding cycling performance of 95% retention after 3000 cycles. The present work, which is based on the low-temperature chemical route to deposit active materials on the conductive substrate, provides new insights into designing a binder-free supercapacitor system to improve the specific capacitance, cycling, and rate performance as next-generation, energy-storage devices.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Quoc Bao Le ◽  
Thanh-Huong Nguyen ◽  
Haojie Fei ◽  
Constantin Bubulinca ◽  
Lukas Munster ◽  

AbstractBenzendicarboxylic acid (BDC)-based metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been widely utilized in various applications, including supercapacitor electrode materials. Manganese and copper have solid diamond frames formed with BDC linkers among transition metals chosen for MOF formation. They have shown the possibility to enlarge capacitance at different combinations of MOFs and polyaniline (PANI). Herein, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was used as the matrix to fabricate electrochemical double-layer SCs. PANI and Mn/Cu-MOF's effect on the properties of electrode materials was investigated through electrochemical analysis. As a result, the highest specific capacitance of about 276 F/g at a current density of 0.5 A/g was obtained for rGO/Cu-MOF@PANI composite.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Adriana M. Navarro-Suárez ◽  
Milo S. P. Shaffer

Structural energy storage devices (SESDs), designed to simultaneously store electrical energy and withstand mechanical loads, offer great potential to reduce the overall system weight in applications such as automotive, aircraft, spacecraft, marine and sports equipment. The greatest improvements will come from systems that implement true multifunctional materials as fully as possible. The realization of electrochemical SESDs therefore requires the identification and development of suitable multifunctional structural electrodes, separators, and electrolytes. Different strategies are available depending on the class of electrochemical energy storage device and the specific chemistries selected. Here, we review existing attempts to build SESDs around carbon fiber (CF) composite electrodes, including the use of both organic and inorganic compounds to increase electrochemical performance. We consider some of the key challenges and discuss the implications for the selection of device chemistries.

2022 ◽  
Lorenzo Carbone ◽  
Eleonora Venezia ◽  
vittorio pellegrini ◽  
Francesco Bonaccorso

A comparative study on sulfur-based composite electrodes comprising different few-layers graphene contents prepared via an ease evaporation method is here presented. The active material production process here employed exploring different...

2022 ◽  
Vol 306 ◽  
pp. 130900
Amarsingh Bhabu Kanagaraj ◽  
Prerna Chaturvedi ◽  
Yeonho Kim ◽  
Daniel S. Choi

2022 ◽  
pp. 111715
Hongbin Xie ◽  
Weimian Guan ◽  
Hao Lv ◽  
Huiya Yang ◽  
Mingyu Gao ◽  

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