electrical energy
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 893-903
Aiman Albatayneh ◽  
Adel Juaidi ◽  
Ramez Abdallah ◽  
Araceli Peña-Fernández ◽  
Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro

2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 107660
Paul Arévalo ◽  
Andrea A. Eras-Almeida ◽  
Antonio Cano ◽  
Francisco Jurado ◽  
Miguel A. Egido-Aguilera

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 461-473
Sintiani Perdani ◽  
Didik Ari Wibowo ◽  
Desmira Desmira

Around 35% of the total utilization of coconuts at this time is still not fully utilized. Thermoelectric is a technology that converts heat energy directly into electrical energy or converts electrical energy into heating and cooling energy. Data retrieval using two multimeters and an electric thermometer, data collection was carried out for 2 minutes. From the test results, this tool can produce an average voltage of 10.05 Volt for 200gram coconut shells, an average current of 0.99 Ampere and an average power of 13.84 Watts and can fully charge the battery up to 3 hours 33 minutes, while for 300 grams produces an average voltage of 10.59 Volts for 300gram coconut shells, an average current of 0.995 Ampere and an average power of 13.56 Watts and the battery can be fully charged in about 3 hours 36 minutes, while a coconut shell weighing 400 grams can produces an average voltage of 10.94 Volts, an average current of 1 Ampere and an average power of 13.70 Watts and the battery can be fully charged in about 3 hours 30 minutes. The more coconut shells used for combustion, the hotter the temperature and the faster the voltage and current are obtained, but with a note that the maximum temperature limit of the thermoelectric is T not more than 200o C. Keywords: Coconut Shell, Thermoelectric, Electrical Energy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Koteswara R. Putta ◽  
Umesh Pandey ◽  
Ljubisa Gavrilovic ◽  
Kumar R. Rout ◽  
Erling Rytter ◽  

By adding energy as hydrogen to the biomass-to-liquid (BtL) process, several published studies have shown that carbon efficiency can be increased substantially. Hydrogen can be produced from renewable electrical energy through the electrolysis of water or steam. Adding high-temperature thermal energy to the gasifier will also increase the overall carbon efficiency. Here, an economic criterion is applied to find the optimal distribution of adding electrical energy directly to the gasifier as opposed to the electrolysis unit. Three different technologies for electrolysis are applied: solid oxide steam electrolysis (SOEC), alkaline water electrolysis (AEL), and proton exchange membrane (PEM). It is shown that the addition of part of the renewable energy to the gasifier using electric heaters is always beneficial and that the electrolysis unit operating costs are a significant portion of the costs. With renewable electricity supplied at a cost of 50 USD/MWh and a capital cost of 1,500 USD/kW installed SOEC, the operating costs of electric heaters and SOEC account for more than 70% of the total costs. The energy efficiency of the electrolyzer is found to be more important than the capital cost. The optimal amount of energy added to the gasifier is about 37–39% of the energy in the biomass feed. A BtL process using renewable hydrogen imports at 2.5 USD/kg H2 or SOEC for hydrogen production at reduced electricity prices gives the best values for the economic objective.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Krzysztof Górecki ◽  
Przemysław Ptak ◽  
Barbara Dziurdzia

Purpose This paper presents the results of the investigations of LED modules soldered with the use of different soldering pastes. Design/methodology/approach The tested power LED modules are soldered using different solder pastes and soldering processes. Thermal parameters of the performed modules are tested using indirect electrical methods. The results of measurements obtained for different modules are compared and discussed. Findings It was shown that the soldering process visibly influences the results of measurements of optical and thermal parameters of LED modules. For example, values of thermal resistance of these modules and the efficiency of conversion of electrical energy into light differ between each other even by 15%. Practical implications The obtained results of investigations can be usable for designers of the assembly process of power LED modules. Originality/value This paper shows the investigations results in the area of effective assembly of power LEDs to the metal core printed circuit board (MCPCB) using different soldering pastes (REL22, REL61, LMPA-Q6, OM-5100, OM-338-PT, M8, OM-340, CVP-390). It was shown that the best thermal and optical properties of these modules are obtained for the OM5100 paste by Alpha Assembly.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Gaurav M. Thorat ◽  
Van-Chuong Ho ◽  
Junyoung Mun

Owing to its low cost and high safety, metallic zinc has received considerable attention as an anode material for zinc aqueous batteries (ZIBs). However, the Zn metal instability as a result ultrafast of obstinate dendrite formation, free-water-induced parasite reactions, and corrosive electrolytes has detrimental effects on the implementation of ZIBs. We present an alternative stable electrolyte for ZIBs based on a zinc chloride/ethylene glycol deep eutectic solvent (DES). This electrolyte consists of abundant low-cost materials and a utilizable Zn2+ concentration of approximately 1 M. It combines the advantages of the aqueous and DES media to provide safe and reversible Zn plating/stripping with a two-fold increase in the cycling life compared to that of conventional aqueous electrolytes. With these advantages, the Zn symmetric cell operates at 0.2 mA cm−2 for 300 h. Due to its high efficiency and compositional versatility, this electrolyte enables the investigation of a non-aqueous electrolyte family for ZIBs that fulfill grid-scale electrical energy storage requirements.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 547
Kosmas A. Kavadias ◽  
Vasileios Kosmas ◽  
Stefanos Tzelepis

Hydrogen (H2) can be a promising energy carrier for decarbonizing the economy and especially the transport sector, which is considered as one of the sectors with high carbon emissions due to the extensive use of fossil fuels. H2 is a nontoxic energy carrier that could replace fossil fuels. Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) can decrease air pollution and reduce greenhouse gases when H2 is produced from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and at the same time being accessible through a widespread network of Hydrogen Refueling Stations (HRSs). In this study, both the sizing of the equipment and financial analysis were performed for an HRS supplied with H2 from the excess electrical energy of a 10 MW wind park. The aim was to determine the optimum configuration of an HRS under the investigation of six different scenarios with various numbers of FCEVs and monthly demands, as well as ascertaining the economic viability of each examined scenario. The effect of the number of vehicles that the installation can refuel to balance the initial cost of the investment and the fuel cost in remote regions was investigated. The results showed that a wind-powered HRS could be a viable solution when sized appropriately and H2 can be used as a storage mean for the rejected wind energy. It was concluded that scenarios with low FCEVs penetration have low economic performance since the payback period presented significantly high values.

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